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开放的V型三能级系统中原子注入和退出速率对位相相关的无反转激光增益和强度空间演化的调制作用

梁颖 贾克宁 刘中波 仝殿民 樊锡君

开放的V型三能级系统中原子注入和退出速率对位相相关的无反转激光增益和强度空间演化的调制作用

梁颖, 贾克宁, 刘中波, 仝殿民, 樊锡君
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  • 利用数值计算结果, 研究了具有自发辐射诱导相干的开放V 型三能级原子系统中的传播效应. 研究表明: 改变探测场和驱动场之间的相对位相对无反转激光(LWI)增益和 强度随传播距离的变化即空间演化具有重要的影响; 而原子的注入速率比(S)和退出速率(r0)的改变将对位相相关的LWI增益和强度的空间演化产生明显的调制作用. 在S(r0)的一定取值范围内, S(r0)的值越大, LWI增益和强度越大且强度达到极大值需要的传播距离越长; 相应封闭系统中LWI增益和强度的最大值及能产生增益的传播距离都小于开放系统. Doppler效应对LWI增益和强度的空间演化也具有明显的影响, 存在Doppler效应时得到的LWI增益和强度明显小于无Doppler效应时的值.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11175105)资助的课题.
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    [2]

    Harris S E 1989 Phys. Rev. Lett. 62 1033

    [3]

    Scully M O, Zhu S Y, Gavrielides A 1989 Phys. Rev. Lett. 62 2813

    [4]

    Mandel P 1993 Contemporary Phys. 34 235

    [5]

    Zhu Y F, Rubiera A I, Xiao M 1996 Phys. Rev. A 53 1065

    [6]

    Mompart J, Corbalan R 2000 J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 2 R7

    [7]

    Li C R, Li Y C, Men F K, Pao C H, Tsai Y C, Wang J F 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 201112

    [8]

    Wieczorek S, Chow W 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 113903

    [9]

    Waldmueller I, Wanke M C, W W Chow 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 117401

    [10]

    Kilin S Y, Kapale K T, Scully M O 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 173601

    [11]

    Liberato S D, Ciuti C 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 136403

    [12]

    Scully M O 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 207701

    [13]

    Marthaler M, Utsumi Y, Golubev D S, Shnirman A, Schön G 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 093901

    [14]

    Zibrov A S, Lukin M D, Nikonov D E, Hollberg L, Scully M O, Velichansky V L, Robinson H G 1995 Phys. Rev. Lett. 75 1499

    [15]

    Padmabandu G G, Welch G R, Shubin I N, Fry E S, Nikonov D E, Lukin M D, Scully M O 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 2053

    [16]

    de Jong F B, Mavromanolakis A, Spreeuw R J C, Heuvell H B 1998 Phys. Rev. A 57 4869

    [17]

    Wu H, Xiao M, Gea-Banacloche J 2008 Phys. Rev. A 78 R041802

    [18]

    Lu N, Bergou J 1989 Phys. Rev. A 40 237

    [19]

    Bergou J A J, Bogar P 1991 Phys. Rev. A 43 4889

    [20]

    Javanainen J 1992 Europhys. Lett. 17 407

    [21]

    Zhu S Y, Scully M O 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 388

    [22]

    Wu J H, Gao J Y 2002 Phys. Rev. A 65 063807

    [23]

    Xu W H, Zhang H F, Gao J Y, Zhang B 2003 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20 2377

    [24]

    Goren C, Wilson-Gordon A D, Rosenbluh M, Friedmann H 2003 Phys. Rev. A 68 043818

    [25]

    Hou B P, Wang S J, Yu W L, Sun W L 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 053805

    [26]

    Sahrai M, Tajalli H, Kapale K T, Zubairy M S 2004 Phys. Rev. A 70 023813

    [27]

    Sahrai M, Tajalli H, Kapale K T, Zubairy M S 2005 Phys. Rev. A 72 013820

    [28]

    Bai A F, Guo H, Han D A 2005 J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 7 35

    [29]

    Kapale K T, Zubairy M S 2006 Phys. Rev. A 73 023813

    [30]

    Yang J H, Zhu S Y 2007 Phys. Rev. A 76 062322

    [31]

    Fan X J, Cui N, Tian S F, Ma H, Gong S Q, Xu Z Z 2005 J. Modern Opt. 52 2759

    [32]

    Fan X J, Li A Y, Tian S F, Tong D M, Gong S Q, Xu Z Z 2007 Eur. Phys. J. D 42 483

    [33]

    Yang Y, Liu Z B, Wang L, Tong D M, Fan X J 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 1054

    [34]

    Osman K I, Hassan S S, Joshi A 2009 Eur. Phys. J. D 54 119

    [35]

    Li A J, Song X L, Wei G X, Wang L, Gao J Y 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 053806

    [36]

    Wang L, Li G Q, Xiao S W, Zheng C B 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 8512 (in Chinese) [王丽, 李根全, 肖绍武, 郑长波 2010 物理学报 59 8512]

    [37]

    Vemuri G, Agarwal G S 1996 Phys. Rev. A 53 1060

    [38]

    Ahufinger V, Mompart J, Corbalan R 1999 Phys. Rev. A 60 614

    [39]

    Brown W J, Gardner J R, Gauthier D J, Vilaseca R 1997 Phys. Rev. A 55 R1601

    [40]

    Bonifacio R, Robb G R M, McNeil B W J 1997 Phys. Rev. A 56 912

    [41]

    Lukin M D, Scully M O, Welch G R 1996 Laser Phys. 6 436

    [42]

    Yelin S F, Lukin M D, Scully M O 1998 Phys. Rev. A 57 3858

    [43]

    Mompart J, Ahufinger V, Corbalan R, Parti F 2000 J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. 2 359

    [44]

    Qiao H X, Yang Y L, Tan X, Tong D M, Fan X J 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 3735

    [45]

    Scully M O, Zhu S Y, Fearn H 1992 Z. Phys. D: Atoms, Molecules and Clusters 22 471

    [46]

    Zhu S Y, Wang D Z, Gao J Y 1997 Phys. Rev. A 55 1939

    [47]

    Yelin S F, Lukin M D, Scully M O, Mandel P 1998 Phys. Rev. A 57 3858

    [48]

    Li J J, Liu C P, Cui N, Li H, Fan X J 2004 Chin. Opt. Lett. 2 725

    [49]

    Fan J F, Xu H, Tian S F, Tong D M, Xu Z Z 2004 Opt. Commun. 241 399

    [50]

    Zhou P, Swain S 1997 Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 832

  • [1]

    Kocharovskaya O, Khanin Y I 1988 JETP Lett. 48 630

    [2]

    Harris S E 1989 Phys. Rev. Lett. 62 1033

    [3]

    Scully M O, Zhu S Y, Gavrielides A 1989 Phys. Rev. Lett. 62 2813

    [4]

    Mandel P 1993 Contemporary Phys. 34 235

    [5]

    Zhu Y F, Rubiera A I, Xiao M 1996 Phys. Rev. A 53 1065

    [6]

    Mompart J, Corbalan R 2000 J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 2 R7

    [7]

    Li C R, Li Y C, Men F K, Pao C H, Tsai Y C, Wang J F 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 201112

    [8]

    Wieczorek S, Chow W 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 113903

    [9]

    Waldmueller I, Wanke M C, W W Chow 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 99 117401

    [10]

    Kilin S Y, Kapale K T, Scully M O 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 173601

    [11]

    Liberato S D, Ciuti C 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 136403

    [12]

    Scully M O 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 207701

    [13]

    Marthaler M, Utsumi Y, Golubev D S, Shnirman A, Schön G 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 093901

    [14]

    Zibrov A S, Lukin M D, Nikonov D E, Hollberg L, Scully M O, Velichansky V L, Robinson H G 1995 Phys. Rev. Lett. 75 1499

    [15]

    Padmabandu G G, Welch G R, Shubin I N, Fry E S, Nikonov D E, Lukin M D, Scully M O 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 2053

    [16]

    de Jong F B, Mavromanolakis A, Spreeuw R J C, Heuvell H B 1998 Phys. Rev. A 57 4869

    [17]

    Wu H, Xiao M, Gea-Banacloche J 2008 Phys. Rev. A 78 R041802

    [18]

    Lu N, Bergou J 1989 Phys. Rev. A 40 237

    [19]

    Bergou J A J, Bogar P 1991 Phys. Rev. A 43 4889

    [20]

    Javanainen J 1992 Europhys. Lett. 17 407

    [21]

    Zhu S Y, Scully M O 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 388

    [22]

    Wu J H, Gao J Y 2002 Phys. Rev. A 65 063807

    [23]

    Xu W H, Zhang H F, Gao J Y, Zhang B 2003 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20 2377

    [24]

    Goren C, Wilson-Gordon A D, Rosenbluh M, Friedmann H 2003 Phys. Rev. A 68 043818

    [25]

    Hou B P, Wang S J, Yu W L, Sun W L 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 053805

    [26]

    Sahrai M, Tajalli H, Kapale K T, Zubairy M S 2004 Phys. Rev. A 70 023813

    [27]

    Sahrai M, Tajalli H, Kapale K T, Zubairy M S 2005 Phys. Rev. A 72 013820

    [28]

    Bai A F, Guo H, Han D A 2005 J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 7 35

    [29]

    Kapale K T, Zubairy M S 2006 Phys. Rev. A 73 023813

    [30]

    Yang J H, Zhu S Y 2007 Phys. Rev. A 76 062322

    [31]

    Fan X J, Cui N, Tian S F, Ma H, Gong S Q, Xu Z Z 2005 J. Modern Opt. 52 2759

    [32]

    Fan X J, Li A Y, Tian S F, Tong D M, Gong S Q, Xu Z Z 2007 Eur. Phys. J. D 42 483

    [33]

    Yang Y, Liu Z B, Wang L, Tong D M, Fan X J 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 1054

    [34]

    Osman K I, Hassan S S, Joshi A 2009 Eur. Phys. J. D 54 119

    [35]

    Li A J, Song X L, Wei G X, Wang L, Gao J Y 2008 Phys. Rev. A 77 053806

    [36]

    Wang L, Li G Q, Xiao S W, Zheng C B 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 8512 (in Chinese) [王丽, 李根全, 肖绍武, 郑长波 2010 物理学报 59 8512]

    [37]

    Vemuri G, Agarwal G S 1996 Phys. Rev. A 53 1060

    [38]

    Ahufinger V, Mompart J, Corbalan R 1999 Phys. Rev. A 60 614

    [39]

    Brown W J, Gardner J R, Gauthier D J, Vilaseca R 1997 Phys. Rev. A 55 R1601

    [40]

    Bonifacio R, Robb G R M, McNeil B W J 1997 Phys. Rev. A 56 912

    [41]

    Lukin M D, Scully M O, Welch G R 1996 Laser Phys. 6 436

    [42]

    Yelin S F, Lukin M D, Scully M O 1998 Phys. Rev. A 57 3858

    [43]

    Mompart J, Ahufinger V, Corbalan R, Parti F 2000 J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. 2 359

    [44]

    Qiao H X, Yang Y L, Tan X, Tong D M, Fan X J 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 3735

    [45]

    Scully M O, Zhu S Y, Fearn H 1992 Z. Phys. D: Atoms, Molecules and Clusters 22 471

    [46]

    Zhu S Y, Wang D Z, Gao J Y 1997 Phys. Rev. A 55 1939

    [47]

    Yelin S F, Lukin M D, Scully M O, Mandel P 1998 Phys. Rev. A 57 3858

    [48]

    Li J J, Liu C P, Cui N, Li H, Fan X J 2004 Chin. Opt. Lett. 2 725

    [49]

    Fan J F, Xu H, Tian S F, Tong D M, Xu Z Z 2004 Opt. Commun. 241 399

    [50]

    Zhou P, Swain S 1997 Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 832

  • 引用本文:
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-09-18
  • 修回日期:  2012-03-06
  • 刊出日期:  2012-09-05

开放的V型三能级系统中原子注入和退出速率对位相相关的无反转激光增益和强度空间演化的调制作用

  • 1. 山东师范大学物理与电子科学学院, 济南 250014;
  • 2. 山东大学物理学院, 济南 250100
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11175105)资助的课题.

摘要: 利用数值计算结果, 研究了具有自发辐射诱导相干的开放V 型三能级原子系统中的传播效应. 研究表明: 改变探测场和驱动场之间的相对位相对无反转激光(LWI)增益和 强度随传播距离的变化即空间演化具有重要的影响; 而原子的注入速率比(S)和退出速率(r0)的改变将对位相相关的LWI增益和强度的空间演化产生明显的调制作用. 在S(r0)的一定取值范围内, S(r0)的值越大, LWI增益和强度越大且强度达到极大值需要的传播距离越长; 相应封闭系统中LWI增益和强度的最大值及能产生增益的传播距离都小于开放系统. Doppler效应对LWI增益和强度的空间演化也具有明显的影响, 存在Doppler效应时得到的LWI增益和强度明显小于无Doppler效应时的值.

English Abstract

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