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双稳系统的随机能量共振和作功效率

林敏 张美丽 黄咏梅

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双稳系统的随机能量共振和作功效率

林敏, 张美丽, 黄咏梅

The stochastic energetics resonance of bistable systems and efficiency of doing work

Lin Min, Zhang Mei-Li, Huang Yong-Mei
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  • 分析了处于双稳系统中的布朗粒子与外界的周期性外力和热随机力的功、热交互作用,建立了基于Langevin方程的随机能量平衡方程.围绕着受周期力、随机力和阻尼力共同作用的Langevin方程,采用动力学和非平衡热力学相结合的方法,从以力为立足点转到以能量为研究核心,深入分析了布朗粒子沿单一轨线运动时系统与环境之间的能量交换和作功效率,揭示了双稳系统的随机能量共振现象.
    The interaction of work and heat between Brownian particles in a bistable system, the external periodic force and the thermal stochastic force are analyzed. The stochastic energy balance equation based on Langevin equation is established. For the Langevin equation subjected to periodic force, stochastic force and damping force, the method of combining dynamics and non-equilibrium thermodynamics is used. From force as the foothold changed into energy as the research core, the exchange of energy between system and environment and the efficiency of doing work are deeply analyzed with this method when the Brownian particle motion is along single trajectories, which reveals that the bistable system exhibits stochastic energetic resonance phenomenon.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:10972207)和浙江省自然科学基金(批准号:Y7080111)资助的课题.
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    Jin G X, Zhang L Y, Cao L 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 952

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    Lin M, Mao Q M, Zheng Y J, Li D S 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 5021 (in Chinese)[林 敏、 毛谦敏、 郑永军、 李东升 2007 物理学报 56 5021]

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    Dan D, Jayannavar A M 2005 Physica A 345 404

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    Saikia S, Roy R, Jayannavar A M 2007 Phys. Lett. A 369 367

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  • [1]

    Benzi R, Sutera A, Vulpiana A 1981 Physica A 14 L453

    [2]

    Gammaitoni L, Hanggi P, Jung P, Marchesoni F 1998 Rev. Mod. Phys. 70 223

    [3]
    [4]
    [5]

    Hu G 1994 Stochastic Forces and Nonlinear Systems (Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific and Technological Education Publishing House) (in Chinese)[胡 岗 1994 随机力与非线性系统 (上海 : 上海科技教育出版社)]

    [6]

    Nozaki D, Mar D J, Grigg P, Collins J J 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 2402

    [7]
    [8]

    Qin G R, Gong D C, Hu G, Wen X D 1992 Acta Phys. Sin. 41 360 (in Chinese)[秦光戎、 龚德纯、 胡 岗、 温孝东 1992 物理学报 41 360]

    [9]
    [10]

    Lin M, Huang Y M 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 3277 (in Chinese)[林 敏、 黄咏梅 2006 物理学报 55 3277]

    [11]
    [12]

    Jin G X, Zhang L Y, Cao L 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 952

    [13]
    [14]
    [15]

    Zhu H J, Li R, Wen X D 2003 Acta Phys. Sin. 52 2404 (in Chinese)[祝恒江、 李 蓉、 温孝东 2003 物理学报 52 2404]

    [16]

    Lin M, Mao Q M, Zheng Y J, Li D S 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 5021 (in Chinese)[林 敏、 毛谦敏、 郑永军、 李东升 2007 物理学报 56 5021]

    [17]
    [18]
    [19]

    Wang C J 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 030503

    [20]
    [21]

    Lin M, Fang L M, Zheng Y J 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 1725

    [22]
    [23]

    Dong X J 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 010502

    [24]
    [25]

    Lin M, Fang L M, Zhu R G 2008 Acta Phys.Sin. 57 2638 (in Chinese)[林 敏、 方利民、 朱若谷 2008 物理学报 57 2638]

    [26]
    [27]

    Leng Y G, Wang T Y, Guo Y, Wang W J, Hu S G 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 1118 (in Chinese)[冷永刚、 王太勇、 郭 焱、 汪文津、 胡世广 2005 物理学报 54 1118]

    [28]
    [29]

    Lin M, Huang Y M 2007 Acta Phys.Sin. 56 6173 (in Chinese)[林 敏、 黄咏梅 2007 物理学报 56 6173]

    [30]

    Dong X J 2009 Chin. Phys. B 18 70

    [31]
    [32]
    [33]

    Zhang L, Liu L, Cao L 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 1494 (in Chinese)[张 莉、 刘 立、 曹 力 2010 物理学报 59 1494]

    [34]

    Lin L, Yan Y, Mei D C 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 2240 (in Chinese)[林 灵、 闫 勇、 梅冬成 2010 物理学报 59 2240]

    [35]
    [36]

    Guo Y F, Xu W, Wang L 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 040503

    [37]
    [38]

    Iwai T 2001 Physica A 300 350

    [39]
    [40]

    Dan D, Jayannavar A M 2005 Physica A 345 404

    [41]
    [42]

    Saikia S, Roy R, Jayannavar A M 2007 Phys. Lett. A 369 367

    [43]
    [44]
    [45]

    Sekimoto K 2007 Phys. Rev. E 76 060103

    [46]
    [47]

    Seifert U 2008 Eur. Phys. J. B 64 423

    [48]

    Bustamante C, Liphardt J, Ritort F 2005 Phys. Today 58(7) 43

    [49]
计量
  • 文章访问数:  5908
  • PDF下载量:  3077
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2010-09-26
  • 修回日期:  2010-11-18
  • 刊出日期:  2011-04-05

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