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局域热力学平衡态空气电弧等离子体输运参数计算研究

王伟宗 吴翊 荣命哲 杨飞

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局域热力学平衡态空气电弧等离子体输运参数计算研究

王伟宗, 吴翊, 荣命哲, 杨飞

Theoretical computation studies for transport properties of air plasmas

Wang Wei-Zong, Wu Yi, Rong Ming-Zhe, Yang Fei
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  • 空气电弧等离子体的物性参数为空气电弧放电过程的仿真提供了可靠的微观理论基础和参数输入. 假定体系处于局域热力学平衡态, 基于Chapman-Enskog理论, 采用Sonine多项式三级展开(对黏滞系数采用二级展开) 得到的输运参数表达式, 数值计算得到了不同气压条件下(0.1 atm20 atm, 1 atm = 1.01325105 Pa)、 不同温度范围内(30030000 K) 空气电弧等离子体的输运参数(扩散系数、黏滞系数、热导率、电导率). 与以往的理论研究相比, 最新的相互作用势和碰撞截面研究成果被应用到涉及粒子的碰撞积分计算中, 提高了输运参数计算结果的精度和可靠性.
    The thermophysical properties of arc plasma provide reliable micro-theoretical foundations and parameter inputs for the numerical simulation of the air arc discharge process. Based on the assumption of the local thermodynamic equilibrium, the computation of transport properties including electron diffusion coefficient, viscosity, thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity is performed by using the Chapman-Enskog method and expanding the sonine polynomial up to the third-order approximation (second-order for viscosity) in a pressure (0.120 atm) and temperature range (30040000 K) conditions which satisfy most thermal plasma modelling requirements. The most recent data on potential interactions and elastic differential cross sections for interacting particles are utilized to determine the collision integrals, resulting in more accurate and reliable values of transport properties than those given in the previous literature.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 51177124)、 国家自然科学青年科学基金项目(批准号: 51007072)和教育部博士点优选基金(批准号: 20110201130006) 资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51177124), the Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51007072), and the Ph.D. Programs Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (Grant No. 20110201130006).
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    Capitelli M, Colonna G, Gorse G, Angola A D 2008 Eur. Phys. J. D 46 129

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    Chapman S, Cowling T G 1970 The Mathematical Theory of Non-uniform Gases (3rd Ed.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

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    Devoto R S 1967 Phys. Fluids 10 2105

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    Rat V, Andre' P, Aubreton J, Elchinger M F, Fauchais P, Lefort A 2002 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35 981

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    Mehrdad A, Constantine E T 2005 Atom. Data Nucl. Data Tables 91 8

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  • [1]

    Gong J Q, Gong Y, Liu J Y, Zhang P Y 2002 Acta Phys. Sin. 51 291 (in Chinese) [宫继全, 宫野, 刘金远, 张鹏云 2002 物理学报 51 291]

    [2]

    Rong M Z, Wu Y, Fei Y, Sun Z Q, Wang W Z, Wang X H 2008 Proceeding of the XVII International Conference on Gas Discharges and Their Applications Cardiff, UK

    [3]

    Wu Y, Rong M Z, Yang F, Murphy A B, Ma Q, Sun Z Q, Wang X H 2008 IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36 1074

    [4]

    Wu Y, Rong M Z, Yang F, Wang X H, Ma Q, Wang W Z 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 5761 (in Chinese) [吴翊, 荣命哲, 杨飞, 王小华, 马强, 王伟宗 2008 物理学报 57 5761]

    [5]

    Rong M Z, Wu Y, Yang F, Murphy A B, Wang W Z, Guo J 2010 IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 38 2306

    [6]

    Yang F, Rong M Z, Wu Y, Shi Q, Liu Z C, Ma R G, Chen S 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 055208 (in Chinese) [杨飞, 荣命哲, 吴翊, 史强, 刘增超, 马瑞光, 陈胜 2011 物理学报 60 055208]

    [7]

    Wang W Z, Rong M Z, Murphy A B, Wu Y, Su H B, Yang F 2010 High Voltage Engineering 36 2777 (in Chinese) [王伟宗, 荣命哲, Murphy A B, 吴翊, 苏海博, 杨飞 2010 高电压技术 36 2777]

    [8]

    Zheng J, Gu Y J, Chen Q F, Chen Z Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 7472 (in Chinese) [郑君, 顾云军, 陈其峰, 陈志云 2010 物理学报 59 7472]

    [9]

    Fauchais P, Boulos M I, Pfender E 1994 Thermal Plasmas-Fundamentals and Applications (Vol. 1) (New York: Plenum) p213

    [10]

    Schreiber P W, Hunter A M, Benedetto K R 1973 AIAA J. 11 2696

    [11]

    Bacri J, Raffanel S 1989 Plasma Chem. Plasma Process. 9 133

    [12]

    Murphy A B 1995 Plasma Chem. Plasma Process. 15 279

    [13]

    Capitelli M, Colonna G, Gorse G, Angola A D 2000 Eur. Phys. J. D 11 279

    [14]

    Capitelli M, Colonna G, Gorse G, Angola A D 2008 Eur. Phys. J. D 46 129

    [15]

    Hirschfelder J O, Curtis C F, Bird R B 1964 Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids (2nd Ed.) (New York: Wiley)

    [16]

    Chapman S, Cowling T G 1970 The Mathematical Theory of Non-uniform Gases (3rd Ed.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

    [17]

    Devoto R S 1967 Phys. Fluids 10 2105

    [18]

    Devoto R S 1966 Phys. Fluids 9 1230

    [19]

    Rat V, Andre' P, Aubreton J, Elchinger M F, Fauchais P, Lefort A 2002 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35 981

    [20]

    Devoto R S 1973 Phys. Fluids 16 616

    [21]

    Devoto R S 1967 Phys. Fluids 10 2704

    [22]

    Meador W E, Stanton L D 1965 Phys. Fluids 8 1694

    [23]

    Monchick L, Yun K S, Mason E A 1963 J. Chem. Phys. 39 654

    [24]

    Hirschfelder J O 1957 Chem. Phys. 26 282

    [25]

    Stallcop J R, Partridge H, Levin E 2000 Phys. Rev. A 62 062709

    [26]

    Stallcop J R, Partridge H, Levin E 2000 Phys. Rev. A 64 042722

    [27]

    Levin E, Partridge H, Stallcop H R 1990 J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer 4 469

    [28]

    Abbaspour M, Goharshadi E K, Emampour J S 2006 Chem. Phys. 326 620

    [29]

    Ali M, Amir H J 2004 Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 77 1297

    [30]

    Slavícek P, Kalus R, Paska P 2003 J. Chem. Phys. 119 2102

    [31]

    Wright M J, Levin E 2005 J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer 19 127

    [32]

    Brunetti B, Liuti G, Luzzatti E, Pirani F, Volpi G G 1983 J. Chem. Phys. 79 273

    [33]

    Pirani F, Vecchiocattivi F 1981 Chem. Phys. 59 387

    [34]

    Brunetti B, Liuti G, Luzzatti E, Pirani F, Vecchiocattivi F 1981 J. Chem. Phys. 74 6734

    [35]

    Aubreton J, Bonnefoi C, Mexmain J M 1986 Rev. Phys. Appl. 21 365

    [36]

    Capitelli M, Cappelletti D, Colonna G, Gorse C, Laricchiuta A, Liuti G, Longo S, Pirani F 2007 Chem. Phys. 338 62

    [37]

    Laricchiuta A, Colonna G, Bruno D, Celiberto R, Gorse C, Pirani F, Capitelli M 2007 Chem. Phys. Lett. 445 133

    [38]

    Andrea L, Federico P 2008 J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem) 857 22

    [39]

    Lupinetti C, Thakkar A J 2005 J. Chem. Phys. 122 044301

    [40]

    Duijnen P T V, Swart M 1998 J. Phys. Chem. A 102 2399

    [41]

    Das A K, Thakkar A J 1998 J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31 2215

    [42]

    Murphy A B, Arundell C J 1994 Plasma Chem. Plasma Process. 14 451

    [43]

    Stallcop J R, Partridge H, Levin E 1991 Chem. Phys. 95 6429

    [44]

    Aubreton J, Bonnefoi C, Mexmain J M 1986 J. Appl. Phys. Rev. 21 365

    [45]

    Barata J A S 2007 Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Phys. Res. A 580 14

    [46]

    Danailov D M, Viehland L A, Johnsen R, Wright T G, Dickinson A S 2008 J. Chem. Phys. 128 134302

    [47]

    BrostrOm L, Larsson M, Mannervik S, Sonneka D 1991 J. Chern. Phys. 94 2734

    [48]

    Meier P, Sandemant R J, Andrews M 1974 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Phys. 7 L339

    [49]

    Me'rawa M, Be'gue' D, Pouchan C 2003 J. Mol. Str. (Theochem) 633 157

    [50]

    Sourd B, Aubreton J, Elchinger M F, Labrot M, Michon U 2006 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39 1105

    [51]

    Thakkar A, Das A K 2001 J. Mol. Str. (Theochem) 547 233

    [52]

    Yevseyev A V, Radtsig A A, Smirnov B M 1982 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Phys. 15 4437

    [53]

    Kihara T, Taylor M H, Hirschfelder J O 1960 Phys. Fluids 3 715

    [54]

    Mehrdad A, Constantine E T 2005 Atom. Data Nucl. Data Tables 91 8

    [55]

    Itikawa Y 2009 J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 38 1

    [56]

    Sullivan J P, Gibson J C, Gulley R G, Buckman S J 1995 J. Phys. B 28 4319

    [57]

    Linert I, King G C, Zubek M 2004 J. Phys. B 37 4681

    [58]

    Machado L, Ribeiro E M S, Lee M T, Fujimoto M M, Brescansin L M 1999 Phys. Rev. A 60 1199

    [59]

    Tabata T, Shirai C T, Sataka M, Kubo H A 2006 Atom. Data Nucl. Data Tables 92 375

    [60]

    Muse J, Silva H, Lopes M C A, Khakoo M A 2008 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41 095203

    [61]

    Gote M, Ehrhardt H 1995 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 28 3957

    [62]

    Hayashi M 1989 NATO ASI Series B 220 333

    [63]

    Mojarrabi M, Gulley R J, Middleton A G, Cartwright D C, Teubner P J O, Buckman S J, Brunger M J 1995 J. Phys. B 28 487

    [64]

    Williams J F, Allen L J 1989 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 22 3529

    [65]

    Thomas L D, Nesbet R K 1975 Phys. Rev. A 12 1729

    [66]

    Blaha M, Davis J 1975 Phys. Rev. A 12 2319

    [67]

    Itikawa Y, Ichimura A 1990 J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 19 637

    [68]

    Mason E A, Munn R J 1967 Phys. Fluids 10 1827

    [69]

    Devoto R S 1973 Phys. Fluids 16 616

    [70]

    Murphy A B 2001 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 34 151

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-06-06
  • 修回日期:  2012-05-28
  • 刊出日期:  2012-05-05

局域热力学平衡态空气电弧等离子体输运参数计算研究

  • 1. 西安交通大学电气工程学院, 电力设备电气绝缘国家重点实验室, 西安 710049;
  • 2. 英国利物浦大学电机工程与电子系, 英国, 英格兰 利物浦 L69 3GJ
    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 51177124)、 国家自然科学青年科学基金项目(批准号: 51007072)和教育部博士点优选基金(批准号: 20110201130006) 资助的课题.

摘要: 空气电弧等离子体的物性参数为空气电弧放电过程的仿真提供了可靠的微观理论基础和参数输入. 假定体系处于局域热力学平衡态, 基于Chapman-Enskog理论, 采用Sonine多项式三级展开(对黏滞系数采用二级展开) 得到的输运参数表达式, 数值计算得到了不同气压条件下(0.1 atm20 atm, 1 atm = 1.01325105 Pa)、 不同温度范围内(30030000 K) 空气电弧等离子体的输运参数(扩散系数、黏滞系数、热导率、电导率). 与以往的理论研究相比, 最新的相互作用势和碰撞截面研究成果被应用到涉及粒子的碰撞积分计算中, 提高了输运参数计算结果的精度和可靠性.

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