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多个子玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚气体膨胀叠加形成的量子涡旋现象研究

董毕远 徐志君

引用本文:
Citation:

多个子玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚气体膨胀叠加形成的量子涡旋现象研究

董毕远, 徐志君

Quantum vortex phenomenon of many sub-Bose-Einstein condensations formed by expansion and superposition

Dong Bi-Yuan, Xu Zhi-Jun
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  • 基于二维模型,研究了多个子玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚气体在谐振势阱内膨胀叠加形成的量子涡旋现象.运用传播子方法,分析了对称分布的三个子玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚气体膨胀叠加形成宏观量子涡旋的物理过程,得到量子涡旋随时间演化的规律;发现涡旋核分布在谐振势阱内出现振荡;涡旋与反涡旋随时间演化而相互转变,并对这些现象进行了物理分析.
    Based on the two-dimensional model, the formation mechanism of quantum vortex by the expansions and superpositions of the many sub-Bose-Einstein condensations (BECs) in the weak harmonic trap is studied. In the harmonic approximation, the initial wave function of the sub-BEC is Gaussian function. Once the initial wave function is known, by using the propagation method, the time evolution of the wave function for the sub-BECs could be obtained. The physical processes of the macroscopic quantum vortex formed by the symmetric distribution of the three sub-BEC expansions and superpositions are analyzed, and the law of quantum vortex with time evolution is obtained. It is found that the vortex distribution is oscillatory in the harmonic trap, and vortex and anti-vortex are mutually transformed in time. At the same time of evolution, the vortex direction is always opposite to that of the neighbor vortex, and at different evolutionary times t and t', which satisfy a relation of t+t'=T (period of harmonic trap), the position of vortex nucleus is unchanged, but the vortex is transformed into the anti-vortex. These basic phenomena of quantum vortex are explained and discussed. In particular, in this paper we also introduce the particle flow density, calculate the flow circulation of our system, and analyze the mechanism of vortex formation. The research ideas and methods in this paper are easily to be extended to the study about the vortex formed by more than three sub-BEC expansions and superpositions, and they can also be used to discuss the effects of sub-BECs with different initial phase differences. This model is also easier to implement in experiment. Therefore, the research of this paper also has enlightenment to the experimental work.
      通信作者: 徐志君, xzj@zjut.edu.cn
      Corresponding author: Xu Zhi-Jun, xzj@zjut.edu.cn
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    Cheng L C, Meng Z M, Wang P J 2017 Acta Phys. Sin. 66 083701 (in Chinese) [陈良超, 孟增明, 王鹏军 2017 物理学报 66 083701]

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    Leanhardt A E, Shin Y, Kielpinski D, Pritchard D E, Ketterle W 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 90 140403

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    Kläui M, Vaz C A F, Lopezdiaz L, Bland J A C 2003 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 15 R985

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    Talos D M, Follett P L, Folkerth R D, Fishman R E, Trachtenberg F L 2007 New J. Phys. 9 95

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    Glover G M C, Fitzpatrick J J 2007 Chem. Eng. J. 127 11

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    Li Y Q, Li X G, Liu Z Y, Luo P Y, Zhang P M 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 6178 (in Chinese) [李永青, 李希国, 刘紫玉, 罗培燕, 张鹏鸣 2007 物理学报 56 6178]

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    Sakaguchi H, Li B, Malomed BA 2014 Phys. Rev.. 89 032920

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    Villaseñor B, Zamora-Zamora R, Bernal D, Romero-Rochín V 2013 Phys. Rev.. 89 1964

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    Scherer D R, Weiler C N, Neely T W, Anderson B P 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 110402

  • [1]

    Davis K B, Mewes M, Anderson M R, Druten N J, Durfee D S 1995 Phys. Rev. Lett. 75 3969

    [2]

    Anderson M H, Ensher J R, Matthews M R, Wieman C E, Cornell E A 1995 Science 269 198

    [3]

    Bradley C C, Sacket C A, Tollent J J, Hulet R G 1995 Phys. Rev. Lett. 75 1687

    [4]

    Andrews M R, Townsend C G, Miesner H J, Durfee D S, Kurn D M, Ketterle W 1997 Science 275 637

    [5]

    Burnett K 1998 Science 282 1657

    [6]

    Anderson B P, Kascvich M A 1998 Science 282 1686

    [7]

    Matthews M R, Anderson B P, Haljan P C, Hall D S, Wieman C E 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 2498

    [8]

    Xu Z J, Shi J Q, Lin G C 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 666 (in Chinese) [徐志君, 施建青, 林国成 2007 物理学报 56 666]

    [9]

    Bloch I 2005 Nature 434 23

    [10]

    Lundh E, Pethick C J, Smith H 1998 Phys. Rev.. 58 4816

    [11]

    Fölling S, Gerbier F, Widera A, Mandel O, Gericke T, Bloch I 2005 Nature 434 481

    [12]

    Cheng L C, Meng Z M, Wang P J 2017 Acta Phys. Sin. 66 083701 (in Chinese) [陈良超, 孟增明, 王鹏军 2017 物理学报 66 083701]

    [13]

    Madison K W, Chevy F, Wohlleben W 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 806

    [14]

    Leanhardt A E, Shin Y, Kielpinski D, Pritchard D E, Ketterle W 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 90 140403

    [15]

    Scherer D R, Weiler C N, Neely T W, Anderson B P 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 110402

    [16]

    Kläui M, Vaz C A F, Lopezdiaz L, Bland J A C 2003 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 15 R985

    [17]

    Talos D M, Follett P L, Folkerth R D, Fishman R E, Trachtenberg F L 2007 New J. Phys. 9 95

    [18]

    Glover G M C, Fitzpatrick J J 2007 Chem. Eng. J. 127 11

    [19]

    Li Y Q, Li X G, Liu Z Y, Luo P Y, Zhang P M 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 6178 (in Chinese) [李永青, 李希国, 刘紫玉, 罗培燕, 张鹏鸣 2007 物理学报 56 6178]

    [20]

    Sakaguchi H, Li B, Malomed BA 2014 Phys. Rev.. 89 032920

    [21]

    Villaseñor B, Zamora-Zamora R, Bernal D, Romero-Rochín V 2013 Phys. Rev.. 89 1964

    [22]

    Wells T, Lode A U J, Bagnato V S, Tsatsos M C 2015 J. Low Temp. Phys. 80 1

    [23]

    Ruben G, Paganin D M 2007 Phys. Rev.. 75 066613

    [24]

    Scherer D R, Weiler C N, Neely T W, Anderson B P 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 110402

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-07-25
  • 修回日期:  2017-09-29
  • 刊出日期:  2018-01-05

多个子玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚气体膨胀叠加形成的量子涡旋现象研究

  • 1. 浙江工业大学应用物理系, 杭州 310023
  • 通信作者: 徐志君, xzj@zjut.edu.cn

摘要: 基于二维模型,研究了多个子玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚气体在谐振势阱内膨胀叠加形成的量子涡旋现象.运用传播子方法,分析了对称分布的三个子玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚气体膨胀叠加形成宏观量子涡旋的物理过程,得到量子涡旋随时间演化的规律;发现涡旋核分布在谐振势阱内出现振荡;涡旋与反涡旋随时间演化而相互转变,并对这些现象进行了物理分析.

English Abstract

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