搜索

x

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

钛宝石飞秒激光器中孤子分子的内部动态探测

周峰 蔡宇 邹德峰 胡丁桐 张亚静 宋有建 胡明列

引用本文:
Citation:

钛宝石飞秒激光器中孤子分子的内部动态探测

周峰, 蔡宇, 邹德峰, 胡丁桐, 张亚静, 宋有建, 胡明列

Internal dynamic detection of soliton molecules in Ti:sapphire femtosecond laser

Zhou Feng, Cai Yu, Zou De-Feng, Hu Ding-Tong, Zhang Ya-Jing, Song You-Jian, Hu Ming-Lie
PDF
HTML
导出引用
  • 孤子是自然界中一种基本的非线性波动传递形式, 孤子间的相互作用能够映射出复杂非线性系统的多体动力学过程, 具有重要的基础研究价值. 被动锁模激光器是研究孤子相互作用的理想平台. 光孤子之间的吸引、排斥作用能够形成孤子分子, 而时间拉伸色散傅里叶变换(TS-DFT)技术使得实时探测孤子分子动力学成为可能. 基于TS-DFT技术, 本文实验研究了钛宝石飞秒激光器产生的孤子分子的内部动态, 通过改变抽运功率, 分别观察到了间隔为180 fs的稳定的孤子分子和间隔为105 fs的具有微弱相位振荡的孤子分子, 后者的振动幅度仅为0.05 rad. 实验发现受到环境影响, 稳定态的孤子分子还能够转变为相位滑动状态. 这些间隔为百飞秒量级的光学孤子分子对于研究孤子的近程非线性相互作用具有突出的意义.
    Soliton is a universal format of nonlinear wave propagation in nature. Soliton can maintain its shape during propagation. This unique property has been widely observed in plasma physics, high energy electromagnetics, hydrodynamics, and nonlinear optics. Soliton interactions can reflect collective dynamic behaviors in complex nonlinear systems, showing significant basic research value. Passive mode-locked laser is an ideal platform for studying soliton interaction. The attraction and repulsion between two optical solitons can form soliton molecules. Their properties have been intensively studied by optical spectral analysis. However, conventional optical spectrum analyzers show low resolution and long average time. Time-stretched dispersive Fourier transformation (TS-DFT) is an emerging-powerful measurement technology, which can map the spectrum of an optical pulse to a temporal waveform under sufficient dispersion. The TS-DFT makes it possible to detect the dynamics of the solitons in real time. Based on TS-DFT, the internal dynamics of the solitons in Ti:sapphire femtosecond laser is studied in experiment. By changing the pump power, the stable soliton molecules with a separation of 180 fs and the weak phase oscillatory soliton molecules with a separation of 105 fs are observed. The amplitude in the weak oscillation state is merely 0.05 rad. We also find that the soliton molecules in stable state can transform into phase sliding state under environmental perturbation. These optical soliton molecules with a binding separation of 100 fs are of great significance for studying the short-range nonlinear interactions of solitons.
      通信作者: 宋有建, yjsong@tju.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家级-国家自然科学基金(61975144,61827821, 11527808)
      Corresponding author: Song You-Jian, yjsong@tju.edu.cn
    [1]

    Kivshar Y S, Agrawal G P 2003 Optical Solitons: from Fibers to Photonic Crystals (SanDiego: Academic Press) p5

    [2]

    Wu Y, Deng L 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 143904Google Scholar

    [3]

    Melo F, Douady S 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 71 3283Google Scholar

    [4]

    Denschlag J 2000 Science 287 97Google Scholar

    [5]

    Kibler B, Fatome J, Finot C, Millot G, Dias F, Genty G 2010 Nat. Phys. 6 790Google Scholar

    [6]

    黄诗盛, 王勇刚, 李会权, 林荣勇, 闫培光 2014 物理学报 63 084202Google Scholar

    Huang S S, Wang Y G, Li H Q, Lin R Y, Yan P G 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 084202Google Scholar

    [7]

    Shi H S, Song Y J, Wang Q Y, Zhao L M, Hu M L 2018 Opt. Lett. 43 1623Google Scholar

    [8]

    徐佳, 吴思达, 刘江, 孙若愚, 王璞 2013 中国激光 40 0702003Google Scholar

    Xu J, Wu S D, Liu J, Sun R Y, Wang P 2013 Chin. J. Lasers 40 0702003Google Scholar

    [9]

    Pang M, He W, Jiang X, Russell P S J 2016 Nat. Photonics 10 454Google Scholar

    [10]

    王光斗, 杨光, 刘艳格, 王志 2017 中国激光 44 83

    Wang G D, Yang G, Liu Y G, Wang Z 2017 Chin. J. Lasers 44 83

    [11]

    Huang Q, Wang T, Zou C, AlAraimi M, Rozhin A, Mou C 2018 Chin. Opt. Lett. 16 020019Google Scholar

    [12]

    Zhao C, Huang Q, Al Araimi M, Rozhin A, Sergeyev S, Mou C 2019 Chin. Opt. Lett. 17 020012Google Scholar

    [13]

    Hause A, Hartwig H, Böhm M, Mitschke F 2008 Phys. Rev. A 78 63817Google Scholar

    [14]

    Wang Z Q, Nithyanandan K, Coillet A, Tchofo-Dinda P, Grelu P 2019 Nat. Commun. 10 830Google Scholar

    [15]

    王志, 贺瑞敬, 刘艳格 2019 中国激光 46 13

    Wang Z, He R J, Liu Y G 2019 Chin. J. Lasers 46 13

    [16]

    魏志伟, 刘萌, 崔虎, 罗爱平, 徐文成, 罗智超 2019 激光与光电子学进展 56 79

    Wei Z W, Liu M, Cui H, Luo A P, Xu W C, Luo Z C 2019 Laser & Optoelectronics Progress 56 79

    [17]

    He W, Pang M, Yeh D H, Huang J, Menyuk C R, Russell P S J 2019 Nat. Commun. 10 1Google Scholar

    [18]

    Liu X M, Popa D, Akhmediev N 2019 Phys. Rev. Lett. 123 093901Google Scholar

    [19]

    Liu X M, Pang M 2019 Laser Photonics Rev. 13 1800333Google Scholar

    [20]

    Peng J, Boscolo S, Zhao Z, Zeng H 2019 Sci. Adv. 5 eaax1110Google Scholar

    [21]

    Goda K, Jalali B 2013 Nat. Photonics 7 102Google Scholar

    [22]

    Goda K, Solli D R, Tsia K K, Jalali B 2009 Phys. Rev. A 80 043821Google Scholar

    [23]

    Malomed BA 1991 Phys. Rev. A 44 6954Google Scholar

    [24]

    Krupa K, Nithyanandan K, Andral U, Tchofo-Dinda P, Grelu P 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 243901Google Scholar

    [25]

    Liu X M, Yao X K, Cui Y D 2018 Phys. Rev. Lett. 121 023905Google Scholar

    [26]

    廖睿, 文锦辉, 刘智刚, 邓莉, 赖天树, 林位株 2002 中国激光 29 53

    Liao R, Wen J H, Liu Z G, Deng L, Lai T S, Lin W Z 2002 Chin. J. Lasers 29 53

    [27]

    王胭脂, 邵建达, 董洪成, 晋云霞, 王清月 2011 物理学报 60 018101Google Scholar

    Wang Y Z, Shao J D, Dong H C, Jin Y X, Wang Q Y 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 018101Google Scholar

    [28]

    范海涛, 王胭脂, 王兆华, 叶蓬, 胡国行, 秦爽, 何会军, 易葵, 邵建达, 魏志义 2015 物理学报 64 144204Google Scholar

    Fan H T, Wang Y Z, Wang Z H, Ye P, Hu G H, Qin S, He H J, Yi K, Shao J D, Wei Z Y 2015 Acta Phys. Sin. 64 144204Google Scholar

    [29]

    Herink G, Kurtz F, Jalali B, Solli D R, Ropers C 2017 Science 356 50Google Scholar

    [30]

    Lederer M J, Luther-Davies B, Tan H H, Jagadish C, Soto-Crespo J M 1999 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16 895Google Scholar

    [31]

    Han X, Wu J, Zeng H 2008 Opt. Express 16 3686Google Scholar

    [32]

    Kurtz F, Ropers C, Herink G 2020 Nat. Photonics 14 9Google Scholar

    [33]

    Zavyalov A, Iliew R, Egorov O, Lederer F 2009 Phys. Rev. A 79 053841Google Scholar

  • 图 1  基于钛宝石激光器的TS-DFT实验装置图 (OC, 输出耦合镜; P, 棱镜对; CM, 啁啾镜对; L, 透镜; Ti:S, 钛宝石晶体; M, 平面镜; FC, 光纤耦合器; SMF, 单模光纤; PD, 光电探测器; OSC, 高速示波器)

    Fig. 1.  TS-DFT experimental setup based on Ti: sapphire laser (OC, output coupler; P, prim; CM, chirped mirror; L, lens; Ti:S, Ti:sapphire; M, mirror; FC, fiber coupler; SMF, single-mode fiber; PD, photodetecter; OSC, high-speed oscilloscope).

    图 2  实时观察105 fs时间间隔孤子分子参数图 (a) 孤子分子的光谱演化图样和对应的单帧光谱图; (b) 自相关的演化图和对应的单帧自相关曲线; (c) 相对相位演化图; (d) 光谱仪与DFT测到的光谱对比图

    Fig. 2.  Experimental real-time observation soliton molecules with a separation of 105 fs: (a) Interferograms of a soliton bound state and its single-shot spectrum; (b) the field autocorrelations of the momentary bound state; (c) relative phase evolution diagram; (d) optical spectrum measured by OSA and DFT.

    图 3  实时观察180 fs时间间隔孤子分子数据图 (a) 孤子分子的光谱演化图; (b)自相关演化图; (c)相对相位演化图; (d)光谱仪与DFT测到的光谱对比图

    Fig. 3.  Experimental real-time observation stable soliton molecules with a separate of 180 fs: (a) Interferograms of a soliton bound state; (b) the field autocorrelations of the momentary bound state; (c) relative phase evolution diagram; (d) optical spectra measured by OSA and DFT.

    图 4  滑动相位孤子分子数据图 (a) 光谱演化图; (b) 自相关演化图; (c) 相对相位演化图; (d)光谱仪与DFT测到的光谱对比图

    Fig. 4.  Experimental real-time observation soliton molecules with a sliding phase: (a) Interferograms of a soliton bound state; (b) the field autocorrelations of the momentary bound state; (c) relative phase evolution diagram; (d) optical spectra measured by OSA and DFT.

    图 5  孤子分子的动态互作用平面

    Fig. 5.  Dynamics of the SM mapped into the interaction plane.

  • [1]

    Kivshar Y S, Agrawal G P 2003 Optical Solitons: from Fibers to Photonic Crystals (SanDiego: Academic Press) p5

    [2]

    Wu Y, Deng L 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 93 143904Google Scholar

    [3]

    Melo F, Douady S 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 71 3283Google Scholar

    [4]

    Denschlag J 2000 Science 287 97Google Scholar

    [5]

    Kibler B, Fatome J, Finot C, Millot G, Dias F, Genty G 2010 Nat. Phys. 6 790Google Scholar

    [6]

    黄诗盛, 王勇刚, 李会权, 林荣勇, 闫培光 2014 物理学报 63 084202Google Scholar

    Huang S S, Wang Y G, Li H Q, Lin R Y, Yan P G 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 084202Google Scholar

    [7]

    Shi H S, Song Y J, Wang Q Y, Zhao L M, Hu M L 2018 Opt. Lett. 43 1623Google Scholar

    [8]

    徐佳, 吴思达, 刘江, 孙若愚, 王璞 2013 中国激光 40 0702003Google Scholar

    Xu J, Wu S D, Liu J, Sun R Y, Wang P 2013 Chin. J. Lasers 40 0702003Google Scholar

    [9]

    Pang M, He W, Jiang X, Russell P S J 2016 Nat. Photonics 10 454Google Scholar

    [10]

    王光斗, 杨光, 刘艳格, 王志 2017 中国激光 44 83

    Wang G D, Yang G, Liu Y G, Wang Z 2017 Chin. J. Lasers 44 83

    [11]

    Huang Q, Wang T, Zou C, AlAraimi M, Rozhin A, Mou C 2018 Chin. Opt. Lett. 16 020019Google Scholar

    [12]

    Zhao C, Huang Q, Al Araimi M, Rozhin A, Sergeyev S, Mou C 2019 Chin. Opt. Lett. 17 020012Google Scholar

    [13]

    Hause A, Hartwig H, Böhm M, Mitschke F 2008 Phys. Rev. A 78 63817Google Scholar

    [14]

    Wang Z Q, Nithyanandan K, Coillet A, Tchofo-Dinda P, Grelu P 2019 Nat. Commun. 10 830Google Scholar

    [15]

    王志, 贺瑞敬, 刘艳格 2019 中国激光 46 13

    Wang Z, He R J, Liu Y G 2019 Chin. J. Lasers 46 13

    [16]

    魏志伟, 刘萌, 崔虎, 罗爱平, 徐文成, 罗智超 2019 激光与光电子学进展 56 79

    Wei Z W, Liu M, Cui H, Luo A P, Xu W C, Luo Z C 2019 Laser & Optoelectronics Progress 56 79

    [17]

    He W, Pang M, Yeh D H, Huang J, Menyuk C R, Russell P S J 2019 Nat. Commun. 10 1Google Scholar

    [18]

    Liu X M, Popa D, Akhmediev N 2019 Phys. Rev. Lett. 123 093901Google Scholar

    [19]

    Liu X M, Pang M 2019 Laser Photonics Rev. 13 1800333Google Scholar

    [20]

    Peng J, Boscolo S, Zhao Z, Zeng H 2019 Sci. Adv. 5 eaax1110Google Scholar

    [21]

    Goda K, Jalali B 2013 Nat. Photonics 7 102Google Scholar

    [22]

    Goda K, Solli D R, Tsia K K, Jalali B 2009 Phys. Rev. A 80 043821Google Scholar

    [23]

    Malomed BA 1991 Phys. Rev. A 44 6954Google Scholar

    [24]

    Krupa K, Nithyanandan K, Andral U, Tchofo-Dinda P, Grelu P 2017 Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 243901Google Scholar

    [25]

    Liu X M, Yao X K, Cui Y D 2018 Phys. Rev. Lett. 121 023905Google Scholar

    [26]

    廖睿, 文锦辉, 刘智刚, 邓莉, 赖天树, 林位株 2002 中国激光 29 53

    Liao R, Wen J H, Liu Z G, Deng L, Lai T S, Lin W Z 2002 Chin. J. Lasers 29 53

    [27]

    王胭脂, 邵建达, 董洪成, 晋云霞, 王清月 2011 物理学报 60 018101Google Scholar

    Wang Y Z, Shao J D, Dong H C, Jin Y X, Wang Q Y 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 018101Google Scholar

    [28]

    范海涛, 王胭脂, 王兆华, 叶蓬, 胡国行, 秦爽, 何会军, 易葵, 邵建达, 魏志义 2015 物理学报 64 144204Google Scholar

    Fan H T, Wang Y Z, Wang Z H, Ye P, Hu G H, Qin S, He H J, Yi K, Shao J D, Wei Z Y 2015 Acta Phys. Sin. 64 144204Google Scholar

    [29]

    Herink G, Kurtz F, Jalali B, Solli D R, Ropers C 2017 Science 356 50Google Scholar

    [30]

    Lederer M J, Luther-Davies B, Tan H H, Jagadish C, Soto-Crespo J M 1999 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16 895Google Scholar

    [31]

    Han X, Wu J, Zeng H 2008 Opt. Express 16 3686Google Scholar

    [32]

    Kurtz F, Ropers C, Herink G 2020 Nat. Photonics 14 9Google Scholar

    [33]

    Zavyalov A, Iliew R, Egorov O, Lederer F 2009 Phys. Rev. A 79 053841Google Scholar

  • [1] 贺亮, 彭雪芳, 沈小雨, 朱仁江, 王涛, 蒋丽丹, 佟存柱, 宋晏蓉, 张鹏. 低重复频率被动锁模半导体碟片激光器. 物理学报, 2024, 73(12): 124205. doi: 10.7498/aps.73.20240441
    [2] 方振, 余游, 赵秋烨, 张昱冬, 王治强, 张祖兴. 基于泵浦强度调制的超快光纤激光器中孤子分子光谱脉动动力学研究. 物理学报, 2024, 73(1): 014202. doi: 10.7498/aps.73.20231030
    [3] 戴川生, 董志鹏, 林加强, 姚培军, 许立新, 顾春. 基于纯水可饱和吸收体的1.9 μm波段被动调Q和锁模掺铥光纤激光器. 物理学报, 2022, 71(17): 174202. doi: 10.7498/aps.71.20212125
    [4] 杨亚涛, 邹媛, 曾琼, 宋宇锋, 王可, 王振洪. 多孤子和类噪声脉冲共存的锁模光纤激光器. 物理学报, 2022, 71(13): 134205. doi: 10.7498/aps.71.20220250
    [5] 窦志远, 张斌, 刘帅林, 侯静. 高功率全光纤1.6微米类噪声方形脉冲激光器. 物理学报, 2020, 69(16): 164202. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20200245
    [6] 俞强, 郭琨, 陈捷, 王涛, 汪进, 史鑫尧, 吴坚, 张凯, 周朴. MnPS3可饱和吸收体被动锁模掺铒光纤激光器双波长激光. 物理学报, 2020, 69(18): 184208. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20200342
    [7] 窦志远, 田金荣, 李克轩, 于振华, 胡梦婷, 霍明超, 宋晏蓉. 高重复频率全光纤被动锁模掺铒光纤激光器. 物理学报, 2015, 64(6): 064206. doi: 10.7498/aps.64.064206
    [8] 冯德军, 黄文育, 姜守振, 季伟, 贾东方. 基于少数层石墨烯可饱和吸收的锁模光纤激光器. 物理学报, 2013, 62(5): 054202. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.054202
    [9] 徐中巍, 张祖兴. 全正色散多波长被动锁模耗散孤子掺镱光纤激光器. 物理学报, 2013, 62(10): 104210. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.104210
    [10] 王胭脂, 邵建达, 董洪成, 晋云霞, 贺洪波, 易葵, 范正修, 宋有建, 胡明列, 柴路, 王清月. 钛宝石激光器9.5 fs脉冲输出中的啁啾镜色散补偿. 物理学报, 2011, 60(1): 018101. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.018101
    [11] 赵研英, 韩海年, 滕浩, 魏志义. 采用多通腔望远镜谐振腔结构的10MHz重复频率飞秒钛宝石激光器特性研究. 物理学报, 2009, 58(3): 1709-1714. doi: 10.7498/aps.58.1709
    [12] 曹士英, 张志刚, 柴 路, 王清月. 钛宝石飞秒激光振荡器的稳定性改善. 物理学报, 2008, 57(5): 2971-2975. doi: 10.7498/aps.57.2971
    [13] 宋有建, 胡明列, 刘庆文, 李进延, 陈 伟, 柴 路, 王清月. 掺Yb3+双包层大模场面积光纤锁模激光器. 物理学报, 2008, 57(8): 5045-5048. doi: 10.7498/aps.57.5045
    [14] 林宏奂, 卢振华, 王建军, 张 颖, 王凤蕊, 许党朋, 张 锐, 李明中, 邓青华, 罗亦鸣, 唐 军, 丁 磊. 正色散激光器中的增益导引孤子. 物理学报, 2008, 57(9): 5646-5650. doi: 10.7498/aps.57.5646
    [15] 冯伟伟, 林礼煌, 王文耀, 李儒新, 汪丽春. 用钛宝石再生放大器产生高重复率啁啾脉冲列. 物理学报, 2007, 56(7): 3955-3960. doi: 10.7498/aps.56.3955
    [16] 令维军, 王兆华, 王 鹏, 贾玉磊, 田金荣, 魏志义. 双向抽运钛宝石的高效率多通脉冲主放大研究. 物理学报, 2005, 54(3): 1208-1212. doi: 10.7498/aps.54.1208
    [17] 王屹山, 刘红军, 程 昭, 赵 卫, 王勇刚, 马骁宇, 张志刚. 利用SBR实现自启动锁模钛宝石飞秒激光脉冲的产生. 物理学报, 2005, 54(11): 5184-5188. doi: 10.7498/aps.54.5184
    [18] 王 专, 王清月, 韩英魁, 曹士英, 张志刚, 柴 路. 直接从钛宝石激光器获得超连续光谱. 物理学报, 2004, 53(10): 3375-3378. doi: 10.7498/aps.53.3375
    [19] 柴路, 王清月, 赵江山, 邢歧荣, 张志刚. 半导体可饱和吸收镜启动克尔透镜锁模机理的实验研究. 物理学报, 2001, 50(7): 1298-1301. doi: 10.7498/aps.50.1298
    [20] 柴 路, 王清月, 张志刚, 赵江山, 王 勇, 张伟力, 邢歧荣. 用腔内半导体可饱和吸收镜钛宝石激光器中自锁模状态的实验研究. 物理学报, 2001, 50(1): 68-72. doi: 10.7498/aps.50.68
计量
  • 文章访问数:  7533
  • PDF下载量:  160
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-12-29
  • 修回日期:  2020-01-21
  • 刊出日期:  2020-04-20

/

返回文章
返回