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基于太赫兹光非对称解复用器结构的低开关能量、高线性度全光采样门实验研究

江镭 李璞 张建忠 孙媛媛 胡兵 王云才

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基于太赫兹光非对称解复用器结构的低开关能量、高线性度全光采样门实验研究

江镭, 李璞, 张建忠, 孙媛媛, 胡兵, 王云才

Experimental study on a low switching energy and high-linearity all-optical sampler based on terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer

Jiang Lei, Li Pu, Zhang Jian-Zhong, Sun Yuan-Yuan, Hu Bing, Wang Yun-Cai
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  • 利用多量子阱结构的非线性半导体光放大器(SOA)构建的太赫兹光非对称解复用器(TOAD), 实验实现了一个开关能量低至25 fJ, 线性度高达0.99的全光采样门. 详细分析了采样脉冲功率和非对称偏移量分别对采样窗口形状、宽度和幅度的影响, 并研究了不同采样窗口宽度下TOAD的开关能量及线性度的变化规律.
    We demonstrate experimentally a low switching energy and high-linearity all-optical sampler based on terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD) composed of a nonlinear semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) with a multiple quantum well structure. Effects of the sampling pulse power and asymmetric offset of SOA on the shape, width and amplitude of sampling windows are analyzed in detail respectively. It is found that the sampling pulse power has no effect on both the shape and the width of sampling windows, but has a significant effect on the window amplitude. Meanwhile there exists an optimal power which maximizes the sampled output and determines the switching energy of TOAD. The asymmetric offset of SOA from the center position in the loop determines the width of sampling windows and has great influences on both the shape and the amplitude of the sampling window. The sampling windows with different widths have approximately the same rise edge due to the fast response of SOA for the sampling pulse. However, the normalized amplitude of sampling windows firstly increases sharply with the increase of the asymmetry, then gradually flattens out, and tends to be stable in the end. In addition, the switching energy and linearity of TOAD are studied. The switching energy is as low as 25 fJ, and the linearity is as high as 0.99. Moreover, at different window widths, the switching energy of TOAD remains the same and the sampling windows have a very good linearity. However, the sensitivity of a TOAD sampler with different width is different: the wider the sampling window, the higher the sensitivity and the larger the corresponding dynamic range.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金科学仪器基础研究专款(批准号: 61227016)和国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(批准号: 61205142, 51404165)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Special Fund For Basic Research on Scientific Instruments of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61227016), and the Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61205142, 51404165).
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    Wang W R, Yu J L, Luo J, Han B C, Wu B, Guo J Z, Wang J, Yang E Z 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 104220 (in Chinese) [王文睿, 于晋龙, 罗俊, 韩丙辰, 吴波, 郭精忠, 王菊, 杨恩泽 2011 物理学报 60 104220]

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    Siahlo A I, Oxenløwe L K, Berg K S, Clausen A T, Andersen P A, Peucheret C, Tersigni A, Jeppesen P, Hansen K P, Folkenberg J R 2003 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15 1147

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    Kawanishi S, Morioka T, Kamatani O, Takara H, Jacob J M, Saruwatari M 1994 Electron. Lett. 30 981

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    Diez S, Schmidt C, Ludwig R, Weber H G, Obermann K, Kindt S, Koltchanov I, Petermann K 1997 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 1131

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    Ellis A D, Kelly A E, Nesset D, Pitcher D, Moodie D G, Kashyap R 1998 Electron. Lett. 34 1958

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    Zhang X L, Huang D X, Sun J Q, Liu D M 2001 Chin. Phys. B 10 124

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    Nakamura S, Ueno Y, Tajima K, Sasaki J, Sugimoto T, Kato T, Shimoda T, Itoh M, Hatakeyama H, Tamanuki T, Sasaki T 2000 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12 425

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    Wang Y, Zhang X L, Huang D X 2004 Chin. Phys. B 13 882

    [20]

    Liu Y, Hill M T, Tangdiongga E, Waardt H, Calabretta N, Khoe G D, Dorren H J S 2003 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15 90

    [21]

    Feng C F, Wu J, Zhang J Y, Xu K, Lin J T 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 1000

    [22]

    Diez S, Schmidt C, Hoffmann D, Bornholdt C, Sartorius B, Weber H G, Jiang L, Krotkus A 1998 Appl. Phys. Lett. 73 3821

    [23]

    Liu M T, Yang A Y, Sun Y N 2008 Acta Opt. Sin. 28 151 (in Chinese) [刘茂桐, 杨爱英, 孙雨南 2008 光学学报 28 151]

    [24]

    Zhang S J, Zhang Y L, Liu S, Li H P, Liu Y 2012 Photonics Asia International Society for Optics and Photonics Beijing, China, November 5-7, 2012 p85520M

    [25]

    Sokoloff J P, Prucnal P R, Glesk I, Kane M 1993 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5 787

    [26]

    Wang H, Wu J, Lin J 2005 Opt. Commun. 256 83

    [27]

    Deng K L, Runser R J, Glesk I, Prucnal P R 1998 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10 397

    [28]

    Bogoni A, Ponzini F, Scaffardi M, Ghelfi P, Potì L 2004 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10 186

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    Swift G, Ghassemlooy Z, Ray A K, Travis J R 1998 IEE Proc. Circuits Device Syst. 145 61

  • [1]

    Weber H G, Ludwig R, Ferber S, Schmidt-Langhorst C, Kroh M, Marembert V, Boerner C, Schubert C 2006 J. Lightwave Technol. 24 4616

    [2]

    Duguay M A, Hansen J W 1968 Appl. Phys. Lett. 13 178

    [3]

    Takara H, Kawanishi S, Yokoo A, Tomaru S, Kitoh T, Saruwatari M 1996 Electron. Lett. 32 2256

    [4]

    Nogiwa S, Kawaguchi Y, Ohta H, Endo Y 2000 Electron. Lett. 36 1727

    [5]

    Andrekson P A 1991 Electron. Lett. 27 1440

    [6]

    Westlund M, Andrekson P A, Sunnerud H, Hansryd J, Li J 2005 J. Lightwave Technol. 23 2012

    [7]

    Liang J Q, Wang J F, Li P, Wang Y C 2013 Chin. J. Lasers 40 402009 (in Chinese) [梁俊强, 王娟芬, 李璞, 王云才 2013 中国激光 40 402009]

    [8]

    Li J, Hansryd J, Hedekvist P O, Andrekson P A, Knudsen S N 2001 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13 987

    [9]

    Wang W R, Yu J L, Luo J, Han B C, Wu B, Guo J Z, Wang J, Yang E Z 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 104220 (in Chinese) [王文睿, 于晋龙, 罗俊, 韩丙辰, 吴波, 郭精忠, 王菊, 杨恩泽 2011 物理学报 60 104220]

    [10]

    Li J, Westlund M, Sunnerud H, Olsson B, Karlsson M, Andrekson P A 2004 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16 566

    [11]

    Li P, Wang Y C, Zhang J Z 2010 Opt. Express 18 20360

    [12]

    Siahlo A I, Oxenløwe L K, Berg K S, Clausen A T, Andersen P A, Peucheret C, Tersigni A, Jeppesen P, Hansen K P, Folkenberg J R 2003 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15 1147

    [13]

    Stubkjaer K E 2000 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6 1428

    [14]

    Kawanishi S, Morioka T, Kamatani O, Takara H, Jacob J M, Saruwatari M 1994 Electron. Lett. 30 981

    [15]

    Diez S, Schmidt C, Ludwig R, Weber H G, Obermann K, Kindt S, Koltchanov I, Petermann K 1997 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3 1131

    [16]

    Ellis A D, Kelly A E, Nesset D, Pitcher D, Moodie D G, Kashyap R 1998 Electron. Lett. 34 1958

    [17]

    Zhang X L, Huang D X, Sun J Q, Liu D M 2001 Chin. Phys. B 10 124

    [18]

    Nakamura S, Ueno Y, Tajima K, Sasaki J, Sugimoto T, Kato T, Shimoda T, Itoh M, Hatakeyama H, Tamanuki T, Sasaki T 2000 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12 425

    [19]

    Wang Y, Zhang X L, Huang D X 2004 Chin. Phys. B 13 882

    [20]

    Liu Y, Hill M T, Tangdiongga E, Waardt H, Calabretta N, Khoe G D, Dorren H J S 2003 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15 90

    [21]

    Feng C F, Wu J, Zhang J Y, Xu K, Lin J T 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 1000

    [22]

    Diez S, Schmidt C, Hoffmann D, Bornholdt C, Sartorius B, Weber H G, Jiang L, Krotkus A 1998 Appl. Phys. Lett. 73 3821

    [23]

    Liu M T, Yang A Y, Sun Y N 2008 Acta Opt. Sin. 28 151 (in Chinese) [刘茂桐, 杨爱英, 孙雨南 2008 光学学报 28 151]

    [24]

    Zhang S J, Zhang Y L, Liu S, Li H P, Liu Y 2012 Photonics Asia International Society for Optics and Photonics Beijing, China, November 5-7, 2012 p85520M

    [25]

    Sokoloff J P, Prucnal P R, Glesk I, Kane M 1993 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5 787

    [26]

    Wang H, Wu J, Lin J 2005 Opt. Commun. 256 83

    [27]

    Deng K L, Runser R J, Glesk I, Prucnal P R 1998 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10 397

    [28]

    Bogoni A, Ponzini F, Scaffardi M, Ghelfi P, Potì L 2004 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10 186

    [29]

    Swift G, Ghassemlooy Z, Ray A K, Travis J R 1998 IEE Proc. Circuits Device Syst. 145 61

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-01-07
  • 修回日期:  2015-03-03
  • 刊出日期:  2015-08-05

基于太赫兹光非对称解复用器结构的低开关能量、高线性度全光采样门实验研究

  • 1. 太原理工大学新型传感器与智能控制教育部重点实验室, 太原 030024;
  • 2. 太原理工大学物理与光电工程学院光电工程研究所, 太原 030024
    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金科学仪器基础研究专款(批准号: 61227016)和国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(批准号: 61205142, 51404165)资助的课题.

摘要: 利用多量子阱结构的非线性半导体光放大器(SOA)构建的太赫兹光非对称解复用器(TOAD), 实验实现了一个开关能量低至25 fJ, 线性度高达0.99的全光采样门. 详细分析了采样脉冲功率和非对称偏移量分别对采样窗口形状、宽度和幅度的影响, 并研究了不同采样窗口宽度下TOAD的开关能量及线性度的变化规律.

English Abstract

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