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纳米孪晶超硬材料的高压合成

徐波 田永君

纳米孪晶超硬材料的高压合成

徐波, 田永君
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  • 超硬材料研究有两个重要难题一直备受关注:一是建立晶体宏观性能硬度与微观电子结构参数的定量关联,指导新型超硬晶体的设计;二是发现改进超硬材料综合性能(硬度、韧性和稳定性)的基本原理和技术途径,合成出综合性能更加优异的高性能超硬材料.首先从同时联系晶体硬度和电子结构的化学键出发,提出了共价晶体的压痕硬度为晶体中化学键对压头压入过程的综合阻抗的基本假设,建立了共价晶体硬度的微观模型并推广至多晶共价材料.在多晶硬度模型指导下,在高温高压条件下成功地合成出了纳米孪晶结构的立方氮化硼和金刚石块材,实现了硬度、韧性及热稳定性这三大工具材料性能指标的同时提高.另外,澄清了关于压痕硬度测量的长期争论.本文的研究为研发高性能超硬材料打开了一条新的技术途径,有望带来机械加工业和高压科学领域的新变革.
      通信作者: 田永君, fhcl@ysu.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:51525205,51421091,51332005)和河北省杰出青年基金(批准号:E2014203150)资助的课题.
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    Li B, Sun H, Chen C 2014 Nat. Commun. 5 4965

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    Li B, Sun H, Chen C 2016 Phys. Rev. Lett. 117 116103

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    Luo X, Liu Z, Xu B, Yu D, Tian Y, Wang H T, He J 2010 J. Phys. Chem. C 114 178501

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    Roundy D, Cohen M 2001 Phys. Rev. B 64 212103

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    Nix W D, Gao H 1998 J. Mech. Phys. Solids 46 411

    [70]

    Chen J, Jin T, Tian Y 2016 Sci. China:Technol. Sci. 59 876

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    Wheeler J M, Raghavan R, Wehrs J, Zhang Y, Erni R, Michler J 2016 Nano Lett. 16 812

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  • [1]

    Kanyanta V 2016 Hard, Superhard and Ultrahard Materials:An Overview in:Kanyanta V (Ed.) Microstructure-Property Correlations for Hard, Superhard, and Ultrahard Materials (Cham:Springer International Publishing) p1

    [2]

    Bundy F P, Hall H T, Strong H M, Wentorf R H 1955 Nature 176 51

    [3]

    Wentorf R H 1957 J. Chem. Phys. 26 956

    [4]

    Westraadt J E, Sigalas I, Neethling J H 2015 Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater. 48 286

    [5]

    Brookes C A, Brookes E J 1991 Diamond Relat. Mater. 1 13

    [6]

    Brazhkin V V, Lyapin A G, Hemley R J 2002 Philos. Mag. A 82 231

    [7]

    Brazhkin V, Dubrovinskaia N, Nicol M, Novikov N, Riedel R, Solozhenko V, Zhao Y 2004 Nat. Mater. 3 576

    [8]

    Chaudhri M M, Lim Y Y 2005 Nat. Mater. 4 4

    [9]

    Huang Q, Yu D, Xu B, Hu W, Ma Y, Wang Y, Zhao Z, Wen B, He J, Liu Z, Tian Y 2014 Nature 510 250

    [10]

    Gao F M, He J L, Wu E D, Liu S M, Yu D L, Li D C, Zhang S Y, Tian Y J 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 015502

    [11]

    Simunek A, Vackar J 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 085501

    [12]

    Li K Y, Wang X T, Zhang F F, Xue D F 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 100 235504

    [13]

    Dubrovinskaia N, Solozhenko V L, Miyajima N, Dmitriev V, Kurakevych O O, Dubrovinsky L 2007 Appl. Phys. Lett. 90 101912

    [14]

    Irifune T, Kurio A, Sakamoto S, Inoue T, Sumiya H 2003 Nature 421 599

    [15]

    Dubrovinskaia N, Dub S, Dubrovinsky L 2006 Nano Lett. 6 824

    [16]

    Solozhenko V L, Kurakevych O O, Le Godec Y 2012 Adv. Mater. 24 1540

    [17]

    Tian Y, Xu B, Yu D, Ma Y, Wang Y, Jiang Y, Hu W, Tang C, Gao Y, Luo K, Zhao Z, Wang L M, Wen B, He J, Liu Z 2013 Nature 493 385

    [18]

    Haines J, Leger J M, Bocquillon G 2001 Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 31 1

    [19]

    Veprek S 2013 J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 31 050822

    [20]

    Tian Y, Xu B, Zhao Z 2012 Int. J. Refract. Met. Hard Mater. 33 93

    [21]

    Zhao Z, Xu B, Tian Y 2016 Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 46 383

    [22]

    Yeung M T, Mohammadi R, Kaner R B 2016 Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 46 465

    [23]

    Teter D M 1998 MRS Bull. 23 22

    [24]

    Liu A Y, Cohen M L 1989 Science 245 841

    [25]

    Gilman J J 1973 Hardness–A Strength Microprobe in:Westbrook J H, Conrad H (Ed.) The Science of Hardness Testing and its Research Applications (Metals Park:American Society for Metals)

    [26]

    Phillips J C 1970 Rev. Mod. Phys. 42 317

    [27]

    Sangiovanni D G, Hultman L, Chirita V 2011 Acta Mater. 59 2121

    [28]

    Ivanovskii A L 2012 Prog. Mater. Sci. 57 184

    [29]

    Guo X, Li L, Liu Z, Yu D, He J, Liu R, Xu B, Tian Y, Wang H T 2008 J. Appl. Phys. 104 023503

    [30]

    Ceder G 1998 Science 280 1099

    [31]

    Li C, Li J C, Jiang Q 2010 Solid State Commun. 150 1818

    [32]

    Glass C W, Oganov A R, Hansen N 2006 Comput. Phys. Commun. 175 713

    [33]

    Woodley S M, Catlow R 2008 Nat. Mater. 7 937

    [34]

    Wang Y C, L J, Zhu L, Ma Y M 2010 Phys. Rev. B 82 094116

    [35]

    Amsler M, Goedecker S 2010 J. Chem. Phys. 133 224104

    [36]

    Pickard C J, Needs R J 2011 J. Phys.:Condens. Matter 23 053201

    [37]

    Lonie D C, Zurek E 2011 Comput. Phys. Commun. 182 372

    [38]

    Zhang X, Wang Y, L J, Zhu C, Li Q, Zhang M, Li Q, Ma Y 2013 J. Chem. Phys. 138 114101

    [39]

    Hall E O 1951 Proc. Phys. Soc. London B 64 747

    [40]

    Petch N J 1953 J. Iron Steel Ins. 174 25

    [41]

    Yip S 2004 Nat. Mater. 3 11

    [42]

    Tse J S, Klug D D, Gao F M 2006 Phys. Rev. B 73 140102

    [43]

    Halperin W P 1986 Rev. Mod. Phys. 58 533

    [44]

    Khan M A M, Kumar S, Ahamed M 2015 Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 30 169

    [45]

    Chang Y K, Hsieh H H, Pong W F, Tsai M H, Chien F Z, Tseng P K, Chen L C, Wang T Y, Chen K H, Bhusari D M, Yang J R, Lin S T 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 5377

    [46]

    Gerberich W W, Mook W M, Perrey C R, Carter C B, Baskes M I, Mukherjee R, Gidwani A, Heberlein J, McMurry P H, Girshick S L 2003 J. Mech. Phys. Solids. 51 979

    [47]

    Dubrovinskaia N, Dubrovinsky L, Crichton W, Langenhorst F, Richter A 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 87 083106

    [48]

    Liu G D, Kou Z L, Yan X Z, Lei L, Peng F, Wang Q M, Wang K X, Wang P, Li L, Li Y, Li W T, Wang Y H, Bi Y, Leng Y, He D W 2015 Appl. Phys. Lett. 106 121901

    [49]

    Tanigaki K, Ogi H, Sumiya H, Kusakabe K, Nakamura N, Hirao M, Ledbetter H 2013 Nat. Commun. 4 2343

    [50]

    Sumiya H, Harano K 2012 Diamond Relat. Mater. 24 44

    [51]

    Sumiya H, Harano K, Irifune T 2008 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79 056102

    [52]

    Dubrovinsky L, Dubrovinskaia N, Prakapenka V B, Abakumov A M 2012 Nat. Commun. 3 1163

    [53]

    Sumiya H, Irifune T 2007 J. Mater. Res. 22 2345

    [54]

    Lu L, Chen X, Huang X, Lu K 2009 Science 323 607

    [55]

    Lu L, Shen Y F, Chen X H, Qian L H, Lu K 2004 Science 304 422

    [56]

    Lu K, Lu L, Suresh S 2009 Science 324 349

    [57]

    Shan Z W, Lu L, Minor A M, Stach E A, Mao S X 2008 JOM 60 71

    [58]

    Bundy F P, Bassett W A, Weathers M S, Hemley R J, Mao H U, Goncharov A F 1996 Carbon 34 141

    [59]

    Solozhenko V L, Turkevich V Z, Holzapfel W B 1999 J. Phys. Chem. B 103 2903

    [60]

    Hu S L, Yang J L, Liu W, Dong Y G, Cao S R, Liu J 2011 J. Solid State Chem. 184 1598

    [61]

    Yang C C, Li S 2008 J. Phys. Chem. C 112 1423

    [62]

    Li B, Sun H, Chen C 2014 Nat. Commun. 5 4965

    [63]

    Li B, Sun H, Chen C 2016 Phys. Rev. Lett. 117 116103

    [64]

    Meyer E 1908 Z. Ver. Dtsch. Ing. 52 645

    [65]

    Xu B, Tian Y J 2015 J. Phys. Chem. C 119 5633

    [66]

    Luo X, Liu Z, Xu B, Yu D, Tian Y, Wang H T, He J 2010 J. Phys. Chem. C 114 178501

    [67]

    Roundy D, Cohen M 2001 Phys. Rev. B 64 212103

    [68]

    Jensen C P, Jorgensen J F, Garnaes J, Picotto G B, Gori G 1998 J. Test. Eval. 26 532

    [69]

    Nix W D, Gao H 1998 J. Mech. Phys. Solids 46 411

    [70]

    Chen J, Jin T, Tian Y 2016 Sci. China:Technol. Sci. 59 876

    [71]

    Wheeler J M, Raghavan R, Wehrs J, Zhang Y, Erni R, Michler J 2016 Nano Lett. 16 812

    [72]

    Dalladay-Simpson P, Howie R T, Gregoryanz E 2016 Nature 529 63

    [73]

    Ashcroft N W 1968 Phys. Rev. Lett. 21 1748

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  • 收稿日期:  2016-10-10
  • 修回日期:  2016-10-24
  • 刊出日期:  2017-02-05

纳米孪晶超硬材料的高压合成

  • 1. 燕山大学亚稳材料制备技术与科学国家重点实验室, 秦皇岛 066004
  • 通信作者: 田永君, fhcl@ysu.edu.cn
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号:51525205,51421091,51332005)和河北省杰出青年基金(批准号:E2014203150)资助的课题.

摘要: 超硬材料研究有两个重要难题一直备受关注:一是建立晶体宏观性能硬度与微观电子结构参数的定量关联,指导新型超硬晶体的设计;二是发现改进超硬材料综合性能(硬度、韧性和稳定性)的基本原理和技术途径,合成出综合性能更加优异的高性能超硬材料.首先从同时联系晶体硬度和电子结构的化学键出发,提出了共价晶体的压痕硬度为晶体中化学键对压头压入过程的综合阻抗的基本假设,建立了共价晶体硬度的微观模型并推广至多晶共价材料.在多晶硬度模型指导下,在高温高压条件下成功地合成出了纳米孪晶结构的立方氮化硼和金刚石块材,实现了硬度、韧性及热稳定性这三大工具材料性能指标的同时提高.另外,澄清了关于压痕硬度测量的长期争论.本文的研究为研发高性能超硬材料打开了一条新的技术途径,有望带来机械加工业和高压科学领域的新变革.

English Abstract

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