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利用激光冷却原子束测量氦原子精密光谱

孙羽 冯高平 程存峰 涂乐义 潘虎 杨国民 胡水明

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利用激光冷却原子束测量氦原子精密光谱

孙羽, 冯高平, 程存峰, 涂乐义, 潘虎, 杨国民, 胡水明

Precision spectroscopy of helium using a laser-cooled atomic beam

Sun Yu, Feng Gao-Ping, Cheng Cun-Feng, Tu Le-Yi, Pan Hu, Yang Guo-Min, Hu Shui-Ming
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  • 4He原子23S123P0,1,2跃迁的精细结构分裂,目前在理论和实验上都能够达到10-8水平的精度,并可被应用于测定精细结构常数, 和对量子电动力学进行检验.该方面实验研究的关键, 是需要提高测量信噪比,并消除各种可能的系统偏差, 将这一精细结构分裂测量到亚kHz水平.在设计的这套实验方案中, 首次结合激光冷却原子技术,通过激光横向冷却来提高亚稳态氦原子束的束流强度,并对三态亚稳态氦原子进行偏折, 将其从原子束中分离,从而大幅降低测量背景,并利用频率锁定激光器的边带扫描的方式来进行光谱测量,以使得扫描测量中保持足够的频率精度. 在目前基本搭建成的实验装置上,实验方法的可行性已经获得验证,分析表明有望实现亚千赫兹水平的测量准确度.
    The 23P0,1,2 fine structure interval of 4He can be determined to 10-8 accuracy both theoretically and experimentally. It can be used either to determine the fine structure constant or to test the quantum electrodynamics theory. To reach this goal, it is necessary to measure the fine structure splitting to sub kHz accuracy by increasing the signal-to-noise ratio and eliminating the systematic deviations. In the experimental configuration of present study, transverse laser cooling is used to obtain an intense metastable helium atom beam. The triple state metastable atoms are also bent from the original atomic beam to reduce the background noise. The spectral scanning will be accomplished by tuning the sideband of a frequency-locked diode laser to maintain sufficient frequency stability during the scan. The experimental method has been tested on the setup recently built, and the analysis shows that a sub-kHz precision is feasible.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 90921006)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 90921006).
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    [6]

    Korobov V I 2002 Phys. Rev. A 66 024501

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    Liu Y X, Zhao Z H, Wang Y Q, Chen Y H 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 2620 (in Chinese) [刘玉孝, 赵振华, 王永强, 陈玉红 2005 物理学报 54 2620]

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    Kponou A, Hughes V W, Johnson C E, Lewis S A, Pichanick F M J 1971 Phys. Rev. Lett. 26 1613

    [12]

    Zhang T, Yan Z C, Drake G W F 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 77 1715

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    Drake G W F 2002 Can. J. Phys. 80 1195

    [14]

    Pachucki K 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 013002

    [15]

    Pachuchi K, Yerokhin V A 2009 Phys. Rev. A 79 062516

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    Pachucki K, Yerokhin V A 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 070403

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    Lamb W E 1957 Phys. Rev. 105 559

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    Colegrove F D, Franken P A, Lewis R R, Sands R H 1959 Phys. Rev. Lett. 3 420

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    Pichanick F M J, Swift R D, Johnson C E, Hughes V E. 1968 Phys. Rev. 169 55

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    Lewis S A, Pichanick F M J, Hughes V W 1970 Phys. Rev. A 2 86

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    Storry C H, George M C, Hessels E A 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 3274

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    George M C, Lombardi L D, Hessel E A 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 173002

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    Borbely J S, George M C, Lombardi L D, Weel M, Fitzakerley D W, Hessels E A 2009 Phys. Rev. A 79 060503

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    Castillega J, Livingston D, Sanders A, Shiner D 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 4321

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    Smiciklas M, Shiner D 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 123001

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    Giusfredi G, Pastor P C, De Natale P, Mazzotti D, De Mauro C, Fallani L, Hagel G, Krachmalnicoff V, Inguscio M 2005 Can. J. Phys. 83 301

    [27]

    Zelevinsky T, Farkas D, Gabrielse G 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 95 203001

    [28]

    Hu S M, Lu Z T, Yan Z C 2009 Front. Phys. China 4 165

    [29]

    Petrasso R, Ramsey A T 1972 Phys. Rev. A 5 79

    [30]

    Cheng C F, Jiang W, Yang G M, Sun Y R, Pan H, Gao Y, Liu A W, Hu S M 2010 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81 123106

    [31]

    Cheng C F, Yang G M, Jiang W, Pan H, Sun Y, Liu A W, Cheng G S, Hu S M 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 103701 (in Chinese) [程存峰, 杨国民, 蒋蔚, 潘虎, 孙羽, 刘安雯, 成国胜, 胡水明 2011 物理学报 60 103701]

    [32]

    Drever R W P, Hall J L, Kowalski F V, Hough J, Ford G M, Munley A J, Ward H 1983 Appl. Phys. B 31 97

    [33]

    Salomon C, Hils D, Hall J L 1988 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5 1576

    [34]

    Jacobs S F 1986 Opt. Acta 33 1377

    [35]

    Yan Z C, Drake G W F 1994 Phys. Rev. A 50 R1980

    [36]

    Zhao Y Z, Sun H Y, Song F H, Tang L M, Wu W W, Zhang X, Guo H C 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 2284 (in Chinese) [赵延仲, 孙华燕, 宋丰华, 唐黎明, 吴伟伟, 张 曦, 郭惠超 2008 物理学报 57 2284]

    [37]

    Snyder J J 1975 Appl. Opt. 14 1825

  • [1]

    Hylleraas E A 1929 Z. Phys. 54 347

    [2]

    Kinoshita T 1957 Phys. Rev. 105 1490

    [3]

    Schwartz C 1964 Phys. Rev. 134 A1181

    [4]

    Frankowski K, Pekeris C L 1966 Phys. Rev. 146 46

    [5]

    Goldman S P 1998 Phys. Rev. A 57 R677

    [6]

    Korobov V I 2002 Phys. Rev. A 66 024501

    [7]

    Schwartz C 2006 Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 15 877

    [8]

    Liu Y X, Zhao Z H, Wang Y Q, Chen Y H 2005 Acta Phys. Sin. 54 2620 (in Chinese) [刘玉孝, 赵振华, 王永强, 陈玉红 2005 物理学报 54 2620]

    [9]

    Drake G W F 1993 Long Range Casimir Forces: Theory and Recent Experiments on Atomic Systems (New York: Plenum Press) p107

    [10]

    Lewis M L, Serafino P H 1978 Phys. Rev. A 18 867

    [11]

    Kponou A, Hughes V W, Johnson C E, Lewis S A, Pichanick F M J 1971 Phys. Rev. Lett. 26 1613

    [12]

    Zhang T, Yan Z C, Drake G W F 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 77 1715

    [13]

    Drake G W F 2002 Can. J. Phys. 80 1195

    [14]

    Pachucki K 2006 Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 013002

    [15]

    Pachuchi K, Yerokhin V A 2009 Phys. Rev. A 79 062516

    [16]

    Pachucki K, Yerokhin V A 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 070403

    [17]

    Lamb W E 1957 Phys. Rev. 105 559

    [18]

    Colegrove F D, Franken P A, Lewis R R, Sands R H 1959 Phys. Rev. Lett. 3 420

    [19]

    Pichanick F M J, Swift R D, Johnson C E, Hughes V E. 1968 Phys. Rev. 169 55

    [20]

    Lewis S A, Pichanick F M J, Hughes V W 1970 Phys. Rev. A 2 86

    [21]

    Storry C H, George M C, Hessels E A 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 3274

    [22]

    George M C, Lombardi L D, Hessel E A 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 173002

    [23]

    Borbely J S, George M C, Lombardi L D, Weel M, Fitzakerley D W, Hessels E A 2009 Phys. Rev. A 79 060503

    [24]

    Castillega J, Livingston D, Sanders A, Shiner D 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 4321

    [25]

    Smiciklas M, Shiner D 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 123001

    [26]

    Giusfredi G, Pastor P C, De Natale P, Mazzotti D, De Mauro C, Fallani L, Hagel G, Krachmalnicoff V, Inguscio M 2005 Can. J. Phys. 83 301

    [27]

    Zelevinsky T, Farkas D, Gabrielse G 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 95 203001

    [28]

    Hu S M, Lu Z T, Yan Z C 2009 Front. Phys. China 4 165

    [29]

    Petrasso R, Ramsey A T 1972 Phys. Rev. A 5 79

    [30]

    Cheng C F, Jiang W, Yang G M, Sun Y R, Pan H, Gao Y, Liu A W, Hu S M 2010 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81 123106

    [31]

    Cheng C F, Yang G M, Jiang W, Pan H, Sun Y, Liu A W, Cheng G S, Hu S M 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 103701 (in Chinese) [程存峰, 杨国民, 蒋蔚, 潘虎, 孙羽, 刘安雯, 成国胜, 胡水明 2011 物理学报 60 103701]

    [32]

    Drever R W P, Hall J L, Kowalski F V, Hough J, Ford G M, Munley A J, Ward H 1983 Appl. Phys. B 31 97

    [33]

    Salomon C, Hils D, Hall J L 1988 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5 1576

    [34]

    Jacobs S F 1986 Opt. Acta 33 1377

    [35]

    Yan Z C, Drake G W F 1994 Phys. Rev. A 50 R1980

    [36]

    Zhao Y Z, Sun H Y, Song F H, Tang L M, Wu W W, Zhang X, Guo H C 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 2284 (in Chinese) [赵延仲, 孙华燕, 宋丰华, 唐黎明, 吴伟伟, 张 曦, 郭惠超 2008 物理学报 57 2284]

    [37]

    Snyder J J 1975 Appl. Opt. 14 1825

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2011-11-07
  • 修回日期:  2012-02-28
  • 刊出日期:  2012-09-05

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