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氢团簇在飞秒强激光场中的动力学行为

张春艳 刘显明

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氢团簇在飞秒强激光场中的动力学行为

张春艳, 刘显明

Dynamic behavior of hydrogen clusters under intense femtosecond laser

Zhang Chun-Yan, Liu Xian-Ming
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  • 利用分子动力学方法研究了氢团簇在飞秒强激光场中的动力学行为. 与库仑爆炸模型所预言的不同, 团簇的膨胀是各向异性的, 质子平均动能沿激光场极化方向上的分量要明显大于垂直于激光场极化方向上的分量. 讨论了团簇各向异性膨胀产生的原因, 分析了激光和团簇参数对各向异性程度的影响.
    The molecular dynamics model is adopted to investigate the dynamical behavior of hydrogen cluster irradiated by an intense femtosecond laser. Being contrary to the predictions from the Coulomb explosion model, this paper points out that the explosion of hydrogen cluster is anisotropic. The component of proton energy along the laser polarization direction is much larger than the component perpendicular to the polarization direction. This paper discusses the mechanism responsible for the anisotropy explosion. In the process of the interaction of femtosecond laser with cluster, the electrons undergo the inner ionization and then oscillate along the direction of laser polarization. During the oscillation of electrons, part of them will escape from cluster. The escaping of the electrons would lead to two correlation effects. First, the anisotropic distribution of the electric field caused by the oscillation of electrons would not be neutralized. For one thing, during the oscillating of electrons, they will be pulled to one pole of cluster so the electric field of the opposite pole would be larger, the electrons in this region will experience larger Coulomb repulsive force and gain lager acceleration. For another thing, the electron number contained in the cluster will decline during each laser cycle. So the proton in this region will gain a pure acceleration. Second, during the oscillation of electrons, part of electrons will escape from cluster. During their escaping they will pull the protons at the pole and the protons move toward the direction of electron escaping direction. These two correlation effects cause the anisotropic explosion of hydrogen cluster. This paper also discusses the influences of cluster and laser parameters on the degree of anisotropy.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11365008, 51408204)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11365008, 51408204).
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    Jungreuthmayer C, Geissler M, Zanghellini J, Brabec T 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 133401

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    Symes D R, Hohenberger M, Henig A, Ditmire T 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 123401

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    Li H Y, Liu J S, Wang C, Ni G Q, Li R X, Xu Z Z

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  • [1]

    Ditmire T, Smith R A, Tisch J W G, Hutchinson M H R 1997 Phys. Rev. Lett. 78 3121

    [2]

    Lin J Q, Zhang J, Li Y J, Chen L M, L T Z, Teng H 2001 Acta Phys. Sin. 50 457 (in Chinese) [林景全, 张杰, 李英骏, 陈黎明, 吕铁铮, 滕浩 2001 物理学报 50 457]

    [3]

    Li H Y, Liu J S, Wang C, Ni G Q, Li R X, Xu Z Z 2006 Phys. Rev. A 74 023201

    [4]

    Ditmire T, Donnelly T, Rubenchik A M, Falcone R W, Perry M D 1996 Phys. Rev. A 53 3379

    [5]

    Ditmire T, Tisch J W G, Sprimpring E, Mason M B, Hay N, Smith R A, Marangos J, Hutchinson M H R 1997 Nature 386 54

    [6]

    Last I, Jorthner J 1999 Phys. Rev. A 60 2215

    [7]

    Schnrer M, Ter-Avetisyan S, Stiel H, Vogt U, Radloff W, Kalashnikov M, Sandner W, Nickles P V 2001 Eur. Phys. J. D 14 331

    [8]

    McPherson A, Luk T S, Thompson B D, Borisov A B, Shiryaev B, Chen X, Boyer K, Rhodes C K 1994 Phys. Rev. Lett. 72 1810

    [9]

    Ditmire T, Donnelly T, Faleone R W, Perry M D 1995 Phys. Rev. Lett. 75 3122

    [10]

    McPherson A, Thompson B D, Borisov A B, Boyer K, Rhodes C K 1994 Nature 370 631

    [11]

    Krause J L, Schafer K J, Kulander K C 1992 Phys. Rev. Lett. 68 3535

    [12]

    Velotta R, Hay N, Mason M B, Castillejo M, Marangos J P 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 183901

    [13]

    Ditmire T, GTisch J W, Yanovsky V P, Cowan T E, Hays G, Wharton K B 1999 Nature 398 489

    [14]

    Zweiback J, Cowan T E, Hartley J H, Howell R, Wharton K B, Crane J K, Yanovsky V P, Hays G 2002 Phys. Plasmas 9 3108

    [15]

    Donnelly T D, Ditmire T, Neuman K, Perry M D, Falcone R W

    [16]

    Mendham K J, Hay N, Mason M B, Tisch J W G, Marangos J P 2001 Phys. Rev. A 64 055201

    [17]

    Dammasch M, Drr M, Eichmann U, Lenz E, Sandner W 2001 Phys. Rev. A 64 061402

    [18]

    Lebeault M A, Viallon J, Chevaleyre J, Ellert C, Normand D, Schmidt M, Sublemontier O, Guet C, Huber B 2002 Eur. Phys. J. D 20 233

    [19]

    Vozzi C, Nisoli M, Caumes J P, Sansone G, Stagira S, De-Silvestri S, Vecchiocattivi M, Bassi D, Pascolini M, Poletto L, Villoresi P, Tondello G 2005 Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 111121

    [20]

    Sun Y Q, Chen L M, Zhang L, Mao J Y, Liu F, Li D Z, Liu C, Li W C, Wang Z H, Li Y J, Wei Z Y, Zhang J 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 075206 (in Chinese) [孙彦乾, 陈黎明, 张璐, 毛婧一, 刘峰, 李大章, 刘成, 李伟昌, 王兆华, 李英骏, 魏志义, 张杰 2012 物理学报 61 075206]

    [21]

    Rozet J P, Cornille M, Dobosz S, Dubau J, Gauthier J C, Jacquemot S, Lamour E, Lezius M, Normand D, Schmidt M, Vernhet D 2001 Phys. Scr. T 92 113

    [22]

    Kumarappan V, Krishnamurthy M 2001 Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 085005

    [23]

    Kumarappan V, Krishnamurthy M, Mathur D 2002 Phys. Rev. A 66 033203

    [24]

    Krishnamurthy M, Mathur D, Kumarappan V 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 033202

    [25]

    Hirokane M, Shimizu S, Hashida M, Okada S, Okihara S, Sato F, Iida T, Sakabe S 2004 Phys. Rev. A 69 063201

    [26]

    Fennel T, Bertsch G F, Meiwes-Broer K H 2004 Eur. Phys. J. D 29 367

    [27]

    Jungreuthmayer C, Geissler M, Zanghellini J, Brabec T 2004 Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 133401

    [28]

    Symes D R, Hohenberger M, Henig A, Ditmire T 2007 Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 123401

    [29]

    Li H Y, Liu J S, Wang C, Ni G Q, Li R X, Xu Z Z

    [30]

    Milchberg H M, McNaught S J, Parra E 2001 Phys. Rev. E 64 056402

    [31]

    Zhang C Y, Zhao Q, Fu L B, Liu J 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 143601 (in Chinese) [张春艳, 赵清, 傅立斌, 刘杰 2012 物理学报 61 143601]

    [32]

    Cheng R, Zhang C Y, Fu L B, Liu J 2015 J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 48 035601

    [33]

    Augst S, Meyerhofer D D, Strickland D, Chint S L 1991 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8 858

    [34]

    Last I, Jortner J 2000 Phys. Rev. A 62 013201

计量
  • 文章访问数:  1738
  • PDF下载量:  152
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-04-03
  • 修回日期:  2015-04-21
  • 刊出日期:  2015-08-05

氢团簇在飞秒强激光场中的动力学行为

  • 1. 湖北民族学院物理系, 恩施 445000
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11365008, 51408204)资助的课题.

摘要: 利用分子动力学方法研究了氢团簇在飞秒强激光场中的动力学行为. 与库仑爆炸模型所预言的不同, 团簇的膨胀是各向异性的, 质子平均动能沿激光场极化方向上的分量要明显大于垂直于激光场极化方向上的分量. 讨论了团簇各向异性膨胀产生的原因, 分析了激光和团簇参数对各向异性程度的影响.

English Abstract

参考文献 (34)

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