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多轴差分吸收光谱仪反演大气NO2的比对试验

王婷 王普才 余环 张兴赢 周斌 司福祺 王珊珊 白文广 周海金 赵恒

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多轴差分吸收光谱仪反演大气NO2的比对试验

王婷, 王普才, 余环, 张兴赢, 周斌, 司福祺, 王珊珊, 白文广, 周海金, 赵恒

Intercomparison of slant column measurements of NO2 by ground-based MAX-DOAS

Wang Ting, Wang Pu-Cai, Yu Huan, Zhang Xing-Ying, Zhou Bin, Si Fu-Qi, Wang Shan-Shan, Bai Wen-Guang, Zhou Hai-Jin, Zhao Heng
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  • 为了满足卫星遥感产品地基验证平台中不同仪器观测数据一致性的要求, 2011年9月, 将3台不同设计方案、不同操作方式的多轴差分吸收光谱仪(MAX-DOAS) 集中在中国科学院大气物理研究所香河大气探测综合试验站, 进行了近20天的同步观测测试. 并对所有仪器统一观测方位角, 分别采用相同的紫外、可见光波段的特征吸收带及吸收截面进行NO2柱浓度的反演试验. 系统的比对分析表明: 3台MAX-DOAS的反演误差大都保持在6%以内, 说明仪器性能良好, 比较稳定; 紫外波段的反演结果略小于可见光波段, 尤其在阴天, 这是由于两波段对分子及气溶胶散射的敏感性不同造成的; 以可见光波段的反演结果为标准, 对紫外波段的反演结果进行系统订正, 订正后的各组数据一致性非常好, 满足卫星大气成分NO2柱浓度遥感产品不同地基验证站点数据稳定、一致的要求.
    In September 2011, we used 3 ground-based multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) instruments of different designs and operation protocols to measure tropospheric NO2 for about 20 days, at the Station of Atmospheric Comprehensive Observatory, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Xianghe 117.0N, 39.77E). All instruments are oriented to an azimuth angle of 270 (north), in a common wavelength range and with a set of cross sections for the inversion of NO2 slant column in visible and UV wavelength range respectively. Intercomparison of NO2 slant columns among three MAX-DOAS is introduced. The results obtained from the different instruments are in good accordance with each other, and the correlation coefficients are all higher than 0.95, but systematical errors exist. Daily average errors of three MAX-DOAS instruments are almost below 6%, showing that the instruments work steadily and the data are cogent. The UV results are smaller than those in the visible range, especially on the overcast days, related to the wavelength dependence of Rayleigh and Mie scattering. After the correction of systematical errors, there is better consistency among different results, which indicates that the three MAX-DOAS instruments have a capability to validate the atmospheric component products of satellite.
    • 基金项目: 气象行业科研专项 (批准号: GYHY201106045-52)、国家自然科学基金 (批准号: 41175030, 40975076) 和中国科学院战略性先导科技专项 (批准号: XDA05000000) 资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Special Scientific Research Fund of Meteorological Public Welfare Profession of China (Grant No. GYHY201106045-52), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41175030, 40975076), and the Strategic Priority Research Program - Climate Change: Carbon Budget and Relevant Issues of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDA05000000).
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    Rothman L, Barbe A, Chris D, Hitran T 2003 J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82 5

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    Fleischmann O, Hartmann M, Burrows J P, Orphal J 2004 J. Photochem. Photobiol A 168 117

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    Meller R, Moortgat G 2000 J. Geophys. Res. 105 7089

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    Chance K, Spurr R 1997 Appl. Opt. 36 5224

    [25]

    Clémer K, Roozendael M, Fayt C, Hendrick F, Hermans C, Pinardi G, Spurr R, Wang P, Maziére M 2010 Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3 863

    [26]

    Yu H 2011 Ph. D. Dissertation (Beijing: Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) (in Chinese) [余环 2011 博士学位论文 (北京: 中国科学院大气物理研究所)

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  • [1]

    Zhou B, Liu W Q, Qi F, Li Z B, Chui Y J 2001 Acta Phys. Sin. 50 1818 (in Chinese) [周斌, 刘文清, 齐峰, 李振壁, 崔延军 2001 物理学报 50 1818]

    [2]

    Si F Q, Liu J G, Xie P H, Zhang Y J, Dou K, Liu W Q 2006 Acta Phys. Sin. 55 3165 (in Chinese) [司福祺, 刘建国, 谢品华, 张玉钧, 窦科, 刘文清 2006 物理学报 55 3165]

    [3]

    Platt U, Stutz J 2008 Differential optical absorption spectroscopy: Principles and applications (1st Edn.) (Heidelberg: Springer Verlag) pp135-160

    [4]

    Roscoe H K, Roozendael M, Fayt C, Piesanie A, Abuhassan N, Adams C, Akrami M, Cede A, Chong J, Clemer K, Friess U, Ojeda M G, Goutail F, Graves R, Griesfeller A, Grossmann K, Hemerijckx G, Hendrick F, Herman J, Hermans C, Irie H, Johnston P V, Kanaya Y, Kreher K, Leigh R, Merlaud A, Mount G H, Navarro M, Oetjen H, Pazmino A, Perez C M, Peters E, Pinardi G, Puentedura O, Richter A, Schonhardt A, Shaiganfar R, Spinei E, Strong K, Takashima H, Vlemmix T, Vrekoussis M, Wagner T, Wittrock F, Yela M, Yilmaz S, Boersma F, Hains J, Kroon M, Piters A, Kim Y J 2010 Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3 1629

    [5]

    Noxon J 1975 Science 189 547

    [6]

    Hönninger G, Friedeburg C V, Platt U 2004 Atmos. Chem. Phys. 4 231

    [7]

    Friedeburg C V, Pundt I, Mettendorf K U, Wagner T, Platt U 2005 Atmos. Environ. 39 977

    [8]

    Wittrock F, Clémer K, Berkhout S, Boersma F, Brunner D, Friess U, Hay T, Irie H, Peters E, Piters A, Shaiganfar R, Sluis W, Spinei E, Vlemmix T, Wagner T, Yilmaz S, Roozendael M, Richter A, Burrows J P 2010 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting San Francisco, USA, December 13-17, 2010 p219

    [9]

    Irie H, Takashima H, Kanaya Y, Boersma K, Gast L, Wittrock F, Brunner D, Zhou Y, Roozendael M 2011 Atmos. Meas. Tech. 4 1027

    [10]

    Takashima H, Irie H, Kanaya Y, Syamsudin F 2012 Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5 2351

    [11]

    Frins E, Osorio M, Casaballe N, Belsterli G, Wagner T, Platt U 2012 Atmos. Meas. Tech. 5 1165

    [12]

    Si F Q, Xie P H, Heue K P, Liu C, Peng F M, Liu W Q 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 6018 (in Chinese) [司福祺, 谢品华, Klaus-Peter Heue, 刘诚, 彭夫敏, 刘文清 2008 物理学报 57 6018]

    [13]

    Xu J, Xie P H, Si F Q, Dou K, Li A, Liu Y, Liu W Q 2010 Spectrosc. Spect. Anal. 30 2464 (in Chinese) [徐晋, 谢品华, 司福祺, 窦科, 李昂, 刘宇, 刘文清 2010 光谱学与光谱分析 30 2464]

    [14]

    Yang S N, Wang S S, Wang Z R, Zhou B 2011 J. Fudan Univ. Nat. Sci. 50 199 (in Chinese) [杨素娜, 王珊珊, 王焯如, 周斌 2011 复旦学报(自然科学版) 50 199]

    [15]

    Wang Y, Li A, Xie P H, Zeng Y, Wang R B, Chen H, Pei X, Liu J G, Liu W Q 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 114211

    [16]

    Xu J, Xie P H, Si F Q, Li A, Liu W Q 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 024204 (in Chinese) [徐晋, 谢品华, 司福祺, 李昂, 刘文清 2012 物理学报 61 024204]

    [17]

    Wang S, Zhou B, Wang Z, Yang S, Hao N, Valks P, Trautmann T, Chen L 2012 J. Geophys. Res. 117 D13305

    [18]

    Hofmann D, Bonasoni P, Maziere M D, Evangelisti F, Giovanelli G, Goldman A, Goutail F, Harder J, Jakoubek R, Johnston P, Kerr J, Matthews W A, McElroy T, McKenzie R, Mount G, Platt U, Pommereau J P, Sarkissian A, Simon P, Solomon S, Stutz J, Thomas A, Roozendael M, Wu E 1995 J. Geophys. Res. 100 16765

    [19]

    Vandaele A, Hermans C, Simon P, Roozendael M, Guilmot J, Carleer M, Colin R 1996 J. Atmos. Chem. 25 289

    [20]

    Bogumil K, Orphal J, Homann T, Voigt S, Spietz P, Fleischmann O C, Vogel A, Hartmann M, Bovensmann H, Frerick J, Burrows J P 2003 J. Photochem. Photobiol A 159 167

    [21]

    Rothman L, Barbe A, Chris D, Hitran T 2003 J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 82 5

    [22]

    Fleischmann O, Hartmann M, Burrows J P, Orphal J 2004 J. Photochem. Photobiol A 168 117

    [23]

    Meller R, Moortgat G 2000 J. Geophys. Res. 105 7089

    [24]

    Chance K, Spurr R 1997 Appl. Opt. 36 5224

    [25]

    Clémer K, Roozendael M, Fayt C, Hendrick F, Hermans C, Pinardi G, Spurr R, Wang P, Maziére M 2010 Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3 863

    [26]

    Yu H 2011 Ph. D. Dissertation (Beijing: Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) (in Chinese) [余环 2011 博士学位论文 (北京: 中国科学院大气物理研究所)

    [27]

    Si F Q, Xie P H, Dou K, Zhan K, Liu Y, Xu J, Liu W Q 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 2867 (in Chinese) [司福祺, 谢品华, 窦科, 詹铠, 刘宇, 徐晋, 刘文清 2010 物理学报 59 2867]

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  • 收稿日期:  2012-09-14
  • 修回日期:  2012-10-12
  • 刊出日期:  2013-03-05

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