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复合型多晶金刚石末级压砧的制备并标定六面顶压机6-8型压腔压力至35GPa

王海阔 贺端威 许超 刘方明 邓佶睿 何飞 王永坤 寇自力

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复合型多晶金刚石末级压砧的制备并标定六面顶压机6-8型压腔压力至35GPa

王海阔, 贺端威, 许超, 刘方明, 邓佶睿, 何飞, 王永坤, 寇自力

Calibration of pressure to 35 GPa for the cubic press using the diamond-cemented carbide compound anvil

Wang Hai-Kuo, He Duan-Wei, Xu Chao, Liu Fang-Ming, Deng Ji-Rui, He Fei, Wang Yong-Kun, Kou Zi-Li
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  • 通过分析二级6-8型大腔体静高压装置八面体压腔的受力状况, 研制了一种使用成本低、尺寸大且易于加工的多晶金刚石-硬质合金复合二级(末级)顶锤(压砧). 采用原位电阻测量观测Zr在高压下相变(α-ω, 7.96 GPa; ω-β, 34.5 GPa)的方法, 标定了由多晶金刚石-硬质合金复合末级压砧构建的5.5/1.5(传压介质边长/二级顶锤锤面边长, 单位: mm)组装的腔体压力. 实验表明, 自行研制的多晶金刚石-硬质合金复合末级压砧可使基于国产六面顶压机构架的二级加压系统的压力产生上限从约20 GPa提高到35 GPa以上, 拓展了国内大腔体静高压技术的压力产生范围. 应用这一技术, 我们期望经过末级压砧材料与压腔设计的进一步优化, 在基于国产六面顶压机的二级6-8 型大腔体静高压装置压腔中产生超过50 GPa的高压.
    In the present study, we analyse the mechanical structure for the two-stage anvil cell, and design the two-stage high pressure cell using diamond-cemented carbide compound as anvil-material. The diamond-cemented carbide compound material is synthesized using the 6×2500 ton cubic press in our laboratory. We sinter diamond/Co layer (Φ30 mm×10 mm) on a WC-cobalt substrate (Φ30 mm×13 mm) at high pressures and temperatures, then, we obtain the cubic anvils from the sintered cylindrical chunks by wire-electrode cutting. The diamond-cemented carbide compound anvil has three advantages over the traditional sintered diamond anvil: first, a scaled-up version of the sintered diamond anvil could be obtained by sintering the diamond/Co layer on a WC-cobalt substrate; second, the diamond-cemented carbide compound anvil is machined easily compared with the sintered diamond anvil; and third, the experimental cost using the diamond-cemented carbide compound anvils is much lower than using the sintered diamond anvil. Using the diamond-cemented carbide compound anvil, we design the two-stage 5.5/1.5 (octahedral edge-length/anvil truncation edge-length, in millimetre) assemble. Pressure calibration at room temperature is performed for the 5.5/1.5 assemble using the phase transitions of Zr (α-ω, 7.96 GPa; ω-β, 34.5 GPa) under high pressures. The pressure range of the two-stage apparatus besed on hinge-type cubic press is extended from 20 GPa to about 35 GPa using the 5.5/1.5 assemble. The pressure calibration for the two-stage apparatus using diamond-cemented carbide compound anvil is ongoing in our laboratory. We believe that the pressures above 50 GPa could be achieved using these anvils.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金科学仪器基础研究专项(批准号:11027405)和国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2011CB808200)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Special Fund for Basic Research on Scientific Instruments of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11027405), and the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2011CB808200).
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    [2]

    Qin J Q, He D W, Wang J H, Fang L M, Lei L, Li Y J, Hu J, Kou Z L, Bi Y 2008 Adv. Mater. 20 4780

    [3]

    Tian Y J, Xu B, Yu D L, Ma Y M, Wang Y B, Jiang Y B, Hu W T, Tang C C, Gao Y F, Luo K, Zhao Z S, Wang L M, Wen B, He J L, Liu Z Y 2013 Nature 493 385

    [4]

    Xu C, He D W,Wang H K, Guan J W, Liu C M, Peng F, Wang W D, Kou Z L, He K, Yan X Z, Bi Y, Liu L, Li F J, Hui B 2012 Int. J. Refract. Metals and Hard Mater. 36 232

    [5]

    Oganov A R, Ono S 2004 Nature 430 445

    [6]

    Ma Y M, Eremets M Oganov A R Xie Y, Trojan I, Medvedev S Lyakhov A O, Valle M, Prakapenka V 2009 Nature 458 182

    [7]

    Hemley R J, Soos Z G, Hanfland M, Mao H K 1994 Nature 369 384

    [8]

    Dubrovinsky L, Dubrovinskaia N, Prakapenka V B, Abakumov A M 2012 Nat. Commun. 3 1163

    [9]

    Jayaraman A 1986 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 57 1013

    [10]

    Andrault D, Fiquet G 2001 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72 1283

    [11]

    Peiris S M, Butcher R, Pearson W 2005 Joint 20th AIRAPT-43th EHPRG Karlsruhe, Germany, June 27-July 1, 2005

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    Klotz S, Besson J M, Hamel G, Nelmes R J, Loveday J S, Marshall W G, Wilson R M 1995 Appl. Phys. Lett. 66 1735

    [13]

    Fan D W, Wei S Y, Xie H S 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 010702

    [14]

    Sung C M 1997 High Temp. High Pressure 29 253

    [15]

    He D W, Wang H K, Tan N, Wang W D, Kou Z L, Peng F 2007 Chinese Patent (No. ZL 201010142804.7) [贺端威, 王海阔, 谭宁, 王文丹, 寇自力, 彭放 2007 中国专利(专利号: ZL 201010142804.7)]

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    [20]

    Zhao Y S, He D W, Jiang Q, Pantea C, Lokshin K A, Zhang J Z, Daemen L L 2005 TAP-98, in the HiPPO Diffractor, in Advances in High-Pressure Technology for Geophysical Applications (Berlin: Elsevier) p461

    [21]

    Wang H K, He D W, Tan N, Wang W D, Wang J H, Dong H N, Ma H, Kou Z L, Peng F, Liu X, Li S C 2010 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81 116101

    [22]

    Wang H K, He D WYan X Z, Xu C, Guan J W, Tan N, Wang W D 2011 High Press. Res. 31 581

    [23]

    Wang H K, He D W 2012 High Press. Res. 32 186

    [24]

    Liebermann Robert C, Wang Y B 1992 High-Pressure Research: Application to Earth and Planetary Sciences (Washington DC: AGU) p19

    [25]

    Tange Y, Irifune T, Funakoshi K 2008 High Press. Res. 28 245

    [26]

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    [27]

    Utsumi W, Funakoshi K I, Katayama Y, Yamakata M, Okada T, Shimomura O 2002 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14 10497

    [28]

    Wang Y B, Durham W B, Getting I C, Weidner D J 2003 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74 3002

    [29]

    Tomoo K, Kenichi F, Atsushi K, Norimasa N, Yoshinori T, Sueda Y, Tomoaki K, Wataru U 2004 Phys. Earth Planet. Int. 143-144 497

    [30]

    Reza A, Henry Z, Carter C 2005 Dia. Relat. Mater. 14 1916

    [31]

    Frost D J, Poe B T, Tronnes R G, Liebske C, Duba A, Rubie D C 2004 Phys. Earth. Planet. Int. 143-144 507

    [32]

    Kawai N, Endo S 1970 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 41 1178

    [33]

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    [34]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-05-13
  • 修回日期:  2013-06-17
  • 刊出日期:  2013-09-05

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