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最小可分辨气体浓度的等效测试评价方法

李家琨 王霞 金伟其 张旭

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最小可分辨气体浓度的等效测试评价方法

李家琨, 王霞, 金伟其, 张旭

Equivalent-measurement evaluation method of minimum resolvable gas concentration

Li Jia-Kun, Wang Xia, Jin Wei-Qi, Zhang Xu
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  • 最小可分辨气体浓度(MRGC)是最新提出的一种客观评价气体泄漏红外成像检测系统的性能参数, 但MRGC测试系统较为复杂. 本文首先推导建立了MRGC的数学模型, 然后在比较MRGC与常规热成像系统的最小可分辨温差(MRTD)性能参数模型原理以及测试方法的基础上, 依据最小可分辨辐射响应差相等的条件, 提出了一种气体泄漏红外成像检测系统的MRGC等效测试评价方法, 并对乙烯气体进行了MRGC的直接测量与等效测试结果的比较. 结果表明两者具有较好的一致性, 是一种可行的普适测试方法. 由于等效测试法只需常规MRTD 测试结果及气体红外光谱数据库, 方法简单可靠, 具有推广应用价值, 对气体泄漏红外成像检测系统的研发和应用具有重要的意义.
    Currently, there is no standard method of evaluating the performance of the gas leak infrared imaging detection system. The evaluating criterions vary greatly and are deficient in aspects of completeness and accuracy, such as noise equivalent temperature difference, noise equivalent concentration path length, and minimum detectable leak rates. Minimum resolvable gas concentration (MRGC) is a latest proposed parameter for evaluating the performance of a passive gas leak infrared imaging detection system, which takes full advantage of the comprehensive evaluation capability of the temperature resolution and spatial resolution of the minimum resolvable temperature difference (MRTD) model. The MRGC takes into account the environmental and gas state parameters, the size of the gas plume and other factors which influence the MRGC measurement. However, the MRGC measurement system is complicated and many state parameters need to be controlled, especially the wide range and dedicated gas concentration meters are required. Therefore, the mathematical model of MRGC is derived and established. By comparing the principles and measurement methods of the performance parameters, MRGC and MRTD, a novel MRGC equivalent measurement evaluation method is proposed, on condition that the minimum resolvable radiation differences are equal. Using ethylene and ammonia as the target, the equivalently measured results of MRGC are obtained. The results show that the MRGC increases with the spatial frequency increasing and the smaller the temperature difference is between the gas and the background blackbody, the faster the MRGC increases. What is more, when the spatial frequency is fixed, MRGC increases with the gas temperature approaching to the background temperature. The background temperature varies asymptotically, which means that if the gas temperature equals the background temperature, the system cannot detect the gas four-bar pattern, no matter what the gas concentration is (here, the maximum gas concentration is 1 million ppm under normal pressure.). The directly measured and equivalently measured results of ethylene are in good agreement within errors of less than ±20%, and the maximum error is 18.26% at a spatial frequency of 0.214f0, which demonstrates the feasibility and effectiveness of the method. Because the equivalent measurement method only needs the traditional MRTD measurement results and the gas infrared spectrum database, it is simple and reliable, which is very significant for the study and application of the gas leak infrared imaging detection systems.
    • 基金项目: 北京市自然科学基金重点项目(批准号: 4121002)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Key Project of the Natural Science Foundation of Beijing, China (Grant No. 4121002).
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  • [1]

    Zhang J L, Nie H B, Wang Z B, Tian E M, Zhang H 2008 Journal of North University of China (Natural Science Edition) 29 265 (in Chinese) [张记龙, 聂宏斌, 王志斌, 田二明, 张辉 2008 中北大学学报(自然科学版) 29 265]

    [2]

    Liu X, Wang L X, Jin W Q, Wang X 2009 Infrared Technology 31 563 (in Chinese) [刘秀, 王岭雪, 金伟其, 王霞 2009 红外技术 31 563]

    [3]

    Samer S, Roland H, Peter R, Jens E, Axel K, Jörn H G 2012 Opt. Eng. 51 111717

    [4]

    Jonas S, Petter W, Hans E, Sune S 2000 Opt. Express 6 92

    [5]

    Edward N, Shankar B, Philippe B 2010 Proc. SPIE 7661 76610K

    [6]

    Nathan H, Robert T K, Christopher G M, Jeffrey A P, Paul D, Dave F, Paul S, Elizabeth A 2013 Proc. SPIE 8710 871005

    [7]

    Li J K 2015 Ph. D. Dissertation (in Chinese) [李家琨 2015 博士论文 (北京: 北京理工大学)]

    [8]

    Lloyd J M 1975 Thermal Imaging System (New York: Plenum Press)

    [9]

    Michael C, Dudzik 1993 The Infrared & Electro-Optical System Handbook (Vol. 4) (Bellingham: SPIE Optical Engineering Press) pp235-241

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-01-30
  • 修回日期:  2015-04-06
  • 刊出日期:  2015-08-05

最小可分辨气体浓度的等效测试评价方法

  • 1. 北京理工大学, 光电成像技术与系统教育部重点实验室, 北京 100081
    基金项目: 北京市自然科学基金重点项目(批准号: 4121002)资助的课题.

摘要: 最小可分辨气体浓度(MRGC)是最新提出的一种客观评价气体泄漏红外成像检测系统的性能参数, 但MRGC测试系统较为复杂. 本文首先推导建立了MRGC的数学模型, 然后在比较MRGC与常规热成像系统的最小可分辨温差(MRTD)性能参数模型原理以及测试方法的基础上, 依据最小可分辨辐射响应差相等的条件, 提出了一种气体泄漏红外成像检测系统的MRGC等效测试评价方法, 并对乙烯气体进行了MRGC的直接测量与等效测试结果的比较. 结果表明两者具有较好的一致性, 是一种可行的普适测试方法. 由于等效测试法只需常规MRTD 测试结果及气体红外光谱数据库, 方法简单可靠, 具有推广应用价值, 对气体泄漏红外成像检测系统的研发和应用具有重要的意义.

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