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重复频率可调谐的超低抖动光窄脉冲源的研究

贾石 于晋龙 王菊 王子雄 陈斌

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重复频率可调谐的超低抖动光窄脉冲源的研究

贾石, 于晋龙, 王菊, 王子雄, 陈斌

Research of optical short pulse source with tunable repetition rate and ultra-low timing jitter

Jia Shi, Yu Jin-Long, Wang Ju, Wang Zi-Xiong, Chen Bin
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  • 提出了一种新型的基于光电振荡器的重复频率可调谐的超低抖动光窄脉冲源. 光电振荡器系统可以产生超低相位噪声的微波信号; 被该信号调制的直调光经过两次相位调制之后, 使光脉冲的啁啾增强; 再通过一段色散补偿光纤, 光脉冲被进一步压窄. 实验中使用YIG可调滤波器, 可以得到812 GHz内步进为200 MHz的可调谐微波信号, 因此光脉冲的重复频率具有可调谐性. 当微波信号即脉冲重复频率为9.6 GHz时, 测得脉冲宽度为3.7 ps, 相位噪声为-130.1 dBc/Hz@10 kHz. 由此得出光脉冲的瞬时抖动为60.1 fs (100 Hz1 MHz), 因此该方案产生的光窄脉冲源具有超低的抖动.
    The highly stable optical short-pulse generator with high repetition rate is widely applied in many fields of optical communications, such as optical packet switching systems, high-speed analog-to-digital converter systems, wavelength division multiplexing networks, high-speed optical sampling systems and optical time division multiplexing networks. The optical short-pulse generator which is adopted in such systems mentioned above should possess high stability, low timing jitter, the tunability of the repetition-rate, and narrow pulse width. So far, most of the optical short pulses have been generated from the actively mode-locked lasers and the phase-modulated continuous wave lasers. However, both of the two methods require an additional microwave signal source. Consequently, the stability of such an optical short-pulse generator is strictly limited by the phase noise and stability of the additional microwave signal source. Since the concept of an optoelectronic oscillator which includes the generation of low noise optical pulses together with an ultra-low phase noise microwave signal was proposed by Yao in 1996, the optical short-pulse generator based on the optoelectronic oscillator has attracted much attention in recent years. According to this approach, Lasri demonstrated a novel, self-starting optoelectronic oscillator based on an electro-absorption modulator in a fiber-extended cavity for generating an optical pulse stream with high-rate and ultra-low jitter capabilities in 2003. In the scheme, the repetition rate of the generated optical pulses is 10 GHz, and the phase noise is-115 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz. Devgan demonstrated an optoelectronic oscillator by using a gain-switched vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser in a fiber-feedback configuration in 2006. The structure can generate a 2-GHz optical pulse stream with 750-fs timing jitter (over 100 Hz-10 MHz range). In the present paper, a novel optical short-pulse generator with tunable repetition rate and ultra-low timing jitter based on optoelectronic oscillator is demonstrated. The optoelectronic oscillator system can generate the microwave signal with ultra-low phase noise. The continuous wave light directly modulated by this microwave signal is phase modulated twice, and then the optical pulses with remarkable chirping rate are achieved. By optimizing the length of the dispersion compensating fiber, the optical pulses are further compressed. In this experiment, by utilizing a YIG tunable filter, the high-quality and tunable microwave signal within 8-12 GHz is achieved, which demonstrates the tunability of the repetition rate of the optical pulses. When the frequency of the microwave signal (i.e., the repetition rate of the optical pulses) is 9.6 GHz, the measured pulse width and the phase noise are 3.7 ps and-130.1 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz, respectively. Therefore, the timing jitter of the short optical pulse is calculated to be 60.1 fs (over 100 Hz to 1 MHz).
      通信作者: 王菊, wangju@tju.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号: 2012CB315704)和国家自然科学基金(批准号: 61427817, 61405142, 61205061) 资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Wang Ju, wangju@tju.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2012CB315704) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61427817, 61405142, 61205061).
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    Yao X S, Davis L, Maleki L 2000 J. Lightwave Technol. 18 73

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    Lasri J, Bilenca A, Dahan D, Sidorov V, Eisenstein G, Ritter D, Yvind K 2002 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14 1004

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    Lasri J, Devgan P, Tang R, Kumar P 2003 Opt. Express 11 1430

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    Nakazawa M, Yamamoto T, Tamura K R 2000 Electron. Lett. 36 2027

    [2]

    Li B, Lou S Q, Tan Z W, Su W 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 194203(in Chinese) [李博, 娄淑琴, 谭中伟, 苏伟 2012 物理学报 61 194203]

    [3]

    Fok M P, Lee K L, Shu C 2004 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16 876

    [4]

    Dong X W, Liu W K 2013 Chin. Phys. B 22 024210

    [5]

    Clark T R, Caëruthers P J, Matthews, Duling L N 1999 Electron. Lett. 35 720

    [6]

    Takada A, Miazawa H 1990 Electron. Lett. 26 216

    [7]

    Suzuki M, Tanaka H, Edagawa N, Utaka K, Matsushima Y 1993 J. Lightwave Technol. 11 468

    [8]

    Ng W, Stephens R, Persechini D, Reddy K V 2001 Electron. Lett. 37 113

    [9]

    Yao X S, Maleki L 1996 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13 1275

    [10]

    Yao X S, Davis L, Maleki L 2000 J. Lightwave Technol. 18 73

    [11]

    Lasri J, Bilenca A, Dahan D, Sidorov V, Eisenstein G, Ritter D, Yvind K 2002 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14 1004

    [12]

    Lasri J, Devgan P, Tang R, Kumar P 2003 Opt. Express 11 1430

    [13]

    Devgan P, Serkland D, Gordon K, Geib K, Kumar P 2006 IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18 685

    [14]

    Osinski M, Buus J 1987 IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. QE-23 9

    [15]

    Hu H, Yu J L, Zhang L T, Zhang A X, Li Y, Jiang Y, Yang E Z 2007 Opt. Express 15 8931

    [16]

    Jiang Y, Yu J L, Hu H, Wang W R, Wang Y T, Yang E Z 2007 Opt. Eng. 46 090502

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-02-03
  • 修回日期:  2015-05-11
  • 刊出日期:  2015-09-05

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