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有机分子在铁磁界面处的自旋极化研究

伊丁 武镇 杨柳 戴瑛 解士杰

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有机分子在铁磁界面处的自旋极化研究

伊丁, 武镇, 杨柳, 戴瑛, 解士杰

Spin-polarization of organic molecules at the ferromagnetic surface

Yi Ding, Wu Zhen, Yang Liu, Dai Ying, Xie Shi-Jie
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  • 采用第一性原理计算的方法, 通过改变有机苯分子与密排六方Co(0001)面之间的不同接触方式, 研究了多种接触构型下有机分子界面的自旋极化. 计算发现, Co原子的3d电子与苯的C原子的2p电子之间存在耦合, 导致费米能级处上下两种自旋的态密度不再相等, 苯分子自旋简并解除, 出现明显的自旋极化. 自旋极化度随着分子与Co电极距离的变化, 呈现出反转的特性.
    Study on organic/ferromagnetic interface is helpful for understanding the effects of magnetoresistance in organic spin-valve, because one of the reasons of leading to this phenomenon is due to the spin injection at the interface. However, the interactions at the organic/ferromagnetic interface are complicated and full of possibilities, and the effects are still under debate till now. One possible cause is that the adsorption of organic molecules on the ferromagnetic surface is random, which leads to various adsorbing configurations. Therefore, in this paper we select some typical adsorbing configurations of benzene/Co system to reveal the effect of spin-polarization of organic molecules at the ferromagnetic surface by using first-principles calculations. It is obtained that the spin degenerated electronic states of benzene molecule will be broken due to the coupling between the 3d electrons of Co atoms and the 2p electrons of benzene molecule. The density of states at the Fermi level becomes spin related and a spin polarization appears in the benzene molecule. For both of the configurations T1T2 and T1H12, from the projected density of states we can find that the majority-spin electrons of the benzene molecule is oriented in opposition to the direction of the ferromagnetic electrode at the Fermi level, which means that the organic molecules filter and reverse the original spin direction of the injected electrons from the ferromagnetic electrode. As mentioned above, the adsorbing configurations are different, so we consider three kinds of configurations with different adsorbing distances for further studying the spin polarization at the interface. On the basis of the configuration T1T2, distances of 2.0 Å, 2.2 Å and 2.4 Å are studied, where 2.0 Å is the equilibrium position we obtained with full relaxation. It should be noted that we do not relax the geometric structure of the system in this part of study. It is found that the spin polarization is sensitively dependent on the distance between benzene and Co surface. The spin-polarization near the Fermi level even changes its direction from positive to negative with the increase of the distance in such a small range. Our studies reflect the complexity of organic molecule/ferromagnetic electrode interfaces, and enrich the understanding of this field.
      通信作者: 解士杰, xsj@sdu.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11174181, 11174180)和高等学校学科创新引智计划(111计划)(批准号: B13029)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Xie Shi-Jie, xsj@sdu.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11174181, 11174180) and the 111 Project of China (Grant No. B13029).
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    [2]

    Barraud C, Seneor P, Mattana R, Fusil S, Bouzehouane K, Deranlot C, Graziosi P, Hueso L, Bergenti I, Dediu V, Petroff F, Fert A 2010 Nature Phys. 6 615

    [3]

    Ehrenfreund E, Vardeny Z V 2013 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15 7967

    [4]

    Sun D, Yin L, Sun C, Guo H, Gai Z, Zhang X G, Ward T Z, Cheng Z, Shen J 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 104 236602

    [5]

    Schulz L, Nuccio L, Willis M, Desai P, Shakya P, Kreouzis T, Malik V K, Bernhard C, Pratt F L, Morley N A, Suter A, Nieuwenhuys G J, Prokscha T, Morenzoni E, Gillin W P, Drew A J 2011 Nature Mater. 10 39

    [6]

    Xiong Z H, Wu D, Vardeny Z V, Shi J 2004 Nature 427 821

    [7]

    Atodiresei N, Brede J, Lazić P, Caciuc V, Hoffmann G, Wiesendanger R, Blgel S 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 066601

    [8]

    Sanvito S 2010 Nature 467 664

    [9]

    Xie S J, Ahn K H, Smith D L, Bishop A R, Saxena A 2003 Phys. Rev. B 67 125202

    [10]

    Dediu V, Hueso L E, Bergenti I, Riminucci A, Borgatti F, Graziosi P, Newby C, Casoli F, De Jong M P, Taliani C, Zhan Y 2008 Phys. Rev. B 78 115203

    [11]

    Sanvito S 2010 Nature Phys. 6 562

    [12]

    Raman K V, Kamerbeek A M, Mukherjee A, Atodiresei N, Sen T K, Lazić P, Caciuc V, Michel R, Stalke D, Mandal S K, Blgel S, Mnzenberg M, Moodera J S 2013 Nature 493 509

    [13]

    Steil S, Großmann N, Laux M, Ruffing A, Steil D, Wiesenmayer M, Mathias S, Monti O L A, Cinchetti M, Aeschlimann M 2013 Nature Phys. 9 242

    [14]

    Segall M D, Lindan P J D, Probert M J, Pickard C J, Hasnip P J, Clark S J, Payne M C 2002 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14 2717

    [15]

    Vanderbilt D 1990 Phys. Rev. B 41 7892

    [16]

    Perdew J P, Burke K, Ernzerhof M 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 77 3865

    [17]

    Wang X, Zhu Z, Manchon A, Schwingenschlögl U 2013 Appl. Phys. Lett. 102 111604

    [18]

    Callsen M, Caciuc V, Kiselev N, Atodiresei N, Blgel S 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 106805

    [19]

    Javaid S, Lebègue S, Detlefs B, Ibrahim F, Djeghloul F, Bowen M, Boukari S, Miyamachi T, Arabski J, Spor D, Zegenhagen J, Wulfhekel W, Weber W, Beaurepaire E, Alouani M 2013 Phys. Rev. B 87 155418

    [20]

    Yi D, Yang L, Xie S J, Saxena A 2015 RSC Adv. 5 20617

    [21]

    Gong C, Lee G, Shan B, Vogel E M, Wallace R M, Cho K 2010 J. Appl. Phys. 108 123711

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-04-15
  • 修回日期:  2015-06-15
  • 刊出日期:  2015-09-05

有机分子在铁磁界面处的自旋极化研究

  • 1. 山东大学物理学院, 晶体材料国家重点实验室, 济南 250100
  • 通信作者: 解士杰, xsj@sdu.edu.cn
    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11174181, 11174180)和高等学校学科创新引智计划(111计划)(批准号: B13029)资助的课题.

摘要: 采用第一性原理计算的方法, 通过改变有机苯分子与密排六方Co(0001)面之间的不同接触方式, 研究了多种接触构型下有机分子界面的自旋极化. 计算发现, Co原子的3d电子与苯的C原子的2p电子之间存在耦合, 导致费米能级处上下两种自旋的态密度不再相等, 苯分子自旋简并解除, 出现明显的自旋极化. 自旋极化度随着分子与Co电极距离的变化, 呈现出反转的特性.

English Abstract

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