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部分浸没圆柱壳声固耦合计算的半解析法研究

郭文杰 李天匀 朱翔 屈凯旸

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部分浸没圆柱壳声固耦合计算的半解析法研究

郭文杰, 李天匀, 朱翔, 屈凯旸

Semi-analytical research on acoustic-structure coupling calculation of partially submerged cylindrical shell

Guo Wen-Jie, Li Tian-Yun, Zhu Xiang, Qu Kai-Yang
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  • 部分浸没圆柱壳-流场耦合系统的声振分析是一种典型的半空间域内声固耦合问题,其振动及声学计算目前主要依赖于数值方法求解,但无论从检验数值法还是从机理上揭示其声固耦合特性,解析或半解析方法的发展都是不可或缺的.本文提出了一种半解析方法,先将声场坐标系建立在自由液面上,采用正弦三角级数来满足自由液面上的声压释放边界条件;接着基于二维Fl;gge薄壳理论建立了以圆柱圆心为坐标原点的壳-液耦合系统的控制方程;然后再利用Galerkin法处理声固耦合界面的速度连续条件,推导得到声压幅值与壳体位移幅值之间的关系矩阵并求解该耦合系统的振动和水下声辐射.与有限元软件Comsol进行了耦合系统自由、受迫振动和水下辐射噪声计算结的对比分析,表明本文方法准确可靠.本文的研究为解析求解弹性结构与声场部分耦合的声振问题提供了新的思路.
    Vibroacoustic analysis of a partially submerged cylindrical shell-liquid coupling system is a typical acoustic-structure interaction problem in an acoustic half-space. Generally, the vibration and acoustic solutions of this problem almost depend on numerical method in previous studies. However, whether from the aspect of verifying the numerical methods or from the aspect of revealing the vibroacoustic mechanism of the acoustic-structure interaction system, the development of an analytical or semi-analytical method is indispensable. In this study, a semi-analytical method is proposed to address the vibroacoustic response of a horizontal cylindrical shell partially immersed in water The acoustic coordinate system is established on the free surface, and the sine series function is introduced to express the sound pressure to meet the pressure release boundary condition on the free surface automatically. Then based on the two-dimensional Flgge shell theory, the motion equation of the shell-liquid coupling system is established with using the center of the shell as the origin of the coordinate system. By using the Galerkin method, the velocity continuous condition on the fluid-structure interface is established. Then the relation matrix between the acoustic pressure amplitude and the shell displacement amplitude is derived after converting the sound pressure from different coordinate systems into that in the same coordinate system by using the geometry relationship of two coordinate systems. Then the vibration and sound radiation of this coupling system are predicted by solving the coupled matrix equations, and the coupled free vibration can also be addressed by solving the characteristic equation after setting the determinant of the coefficient matrix to be zero. To verify the accuracy and reliability of the present method, the coupled natural frequencies, the vibration response and the distribution of the sound pressure obtained from the present method are compared with those obtained from the finite element method, showing that they are in good agreement with each other. Then the shapes of the first four order modes for the coupled system are presented and compared with those of the system submerged in unbounded fluid field, and the couple between different modes, and the couple between the symmetric and antisymmetric modes are observed due to the effect of the free surface. The characteristics of the root mean square velocity of the shell with different immersed depths are discussed, which reveals that the peaks of response curves shift to the lower frequencies with increasing immersed depth. The characteristics of far field sound pressure directivity are presented and explained by the image method in detail. This study provides a novel method to analytically predict the vibroacoustic response of an elastic structure partially coupling with the fluid field when bounded in a sound half space.
      通信作者: 李天匀, ltyz801@hust.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:51579109,51479079,51379083)和中央高校基本科研业务费(批准号:2016YXZD010)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Li Tian-Yun, ltyz801@hust.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51579109, 51479079, 51379083) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (Grant No. 2016YXZD010).
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    Guo W J, Li T Y, Zhu X, Zhang S 2017 Chin. J. Ship Res. 12 62 (in Chinese)[郭文杰, 李天匀, 朱翔, 张帅 2017 中国舰船研究 12 62]

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    Ye W B, Li T Y, Zhu X 2012 Appl. Mech. Mater. 170 2303

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    Ergin A, Temarel P 2002 J. Sound Vib. 254 951

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    Krishna B V, Ganesan N 2006 J. Sound Vib. 291 1221

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    Li T Y, Wang P, Zhu X, Yang J, Ye W B 2017 J. Vib. Acoust. 139 041002

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    Zhu X, Ye W B, Li T Y, Chen C 2013 Ocean Eng. 58 22

  • [1]

    Williams W, Parke N G, Moran D A, Sherman C H 1964 J. Acount. Soc. Am. 36 2316

    [2]

    Harari A, Sandman B E 1976 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 60 117

    [3]

    Fuller C R 1988 J. Sound Vib. 122 479

    [4]

    Pan A, Fan J, Wang B, Chen Z G, Zheng G Y 2014 Acta Phys. Sin. 63 214301 (in Chinese)[潘安, 范军, 王斌, 陈志刚, 郑国垠 2014 物理学报 63 214301]

    [5]

    Liu P, Liu S W, Li S 2013 Ship Sci. Technol. 36 36 (in Chinese)[刘佩, 刘书文, 黎胜 2013 舰船科学技术 36 36]

    [6]

    Huang H 1981 Wave Motion 3 269

    [7]

    Hasheminejad S M, Azarpeyvand M 2005 J. Appl. Math. Mech. 85 66

    [8]

    Bai Z G, Wu W W, Zuo C K, Zhang F, Xiong C X 2014 J. Ship Mech. 18 178 (in Chinese)[白振国, 吴文伟, 左成魁, 张峰, 熊晨熙 2014 船舶力学 18 178]

    [9]

    Guo W J, Li T Y, Zhu X, Miao Y Y, Zhang G J 2017 J. Sound Vib. 393 338

    [10]

    Guo W J, Li T Y, Zhu X, Zhang S 2017 Chin. J. Ship Res. 12 62 (in Chinese)[郭文杰, 李天匀, 朱翔, 张帅 2017 中国舰船研究 12 62]

    [11]

    Amabili M 1996 J. Sound Vib. 191 757

    [12]

    Amabili M 1997 J. Vib. Acoust. 119 476

    [13]

    Ye W B, Li T Y, Zhu X 2012 Appl. Mech. Mater. 170 2303

    [14]

    Selmane A, Lakis A A 1997 J. Sound Vib. 5 111

    [15]

    Ergin A, Temarel P 2002 J. Sound Vib. 254 951

    [16]

    Krishna B V, Ganesan N 2006 J. Sound Vib. 291 1221

    [17]

    Hidalgo J A, Gama A L, Moreire R M 2017 J. Sound Vib. 408 31

    [18]

    Escaler X, Torre O D, Goggins J 2017 J. Fluid Struct. 69 252

    [19]

    Li T Y, Wang P, Zhu X, Yang J, Ye W B 2017 J. Vib. Acoust. 139 041002

    [20]

    Li H L, Wu C J, Huang X Q 2003 Appl. Acoust. 64 495

    [21]

    Li T Y, Wang L, Guo W J, Yang G D, Zhu Xiang 2016 Chin. J. Ship Res. 11 106 (in Chinese)[李天匀, 王露, 郭文杰, 杨国栋, 朱翔 2016 中国舰船研究 11 106]

    [22]

    Zhu X, Ye W B, Li T Y, Chen C 2013 Ocean Eng. 58 22

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-12-18
  • 修回日期:  2018-02-07
  • 刊出日期:  2019-04-20

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