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基于量子远程传态的无线自组织量子通信网络路由协议

余旭涛 徐进 张在琛

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基于量子远程传态的无线自组织量子通信网络路由协议

余旭涛, 徐进, 张在琛

Routing protocol for wireless ad hoc quantum communication network based on quantum teleportation

Yu Xu-Tao, Xu Jin, Zhang Zai-Chen
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  • 针对复杂结构的无线量子通信网络, 提出了无线自组织量子通信网络概念并设计其路由协议.该路由协议为按需路由协议, 路由度量基于相邻节点间的纠缠粒子对数目.需要发送携带信息的量子态的节点发起路由请求和建立过程, 由目的节点根据路由度量选择路径.目的节点选择路径后, 沿所选路径发送路由应答信息至源节点并通知路径中其他节点.信息传输过程中, 若所选路径中相邻节点间无线信道或者量子信道中断, 将重新发起一个路由发现过程, 建立新路由. 路径中节点收到路由应答信息后, 利用纠缠交换和两端逼近方法, 从路径两端向中间节点方向进行纠缠交换, 建立量子信道后, 通过量子远程传态传输携带信息的量子态, 从而实现无线自组织量子通信网络中任意两节点间信息的传递.
    A concept of wireless ad hoc quantum communication network is proposed and a routing protocol is designed for wireless quantum communicaiton network with complex structure. The routing protocol is on-demand and the routing metric is based on the number of entangled particle pairs. The node that wants to send information carried by quantum state can initiate a route request and establishment procedure. The destination node chooses path by the routing metric and sends route reply message along the selected path. During the information transmission, if the quantum channel or the wirless channel between any neighbors in the selected path is broken, a route discovery process is reinitiated to set up a new route. Nodes in the selected path use a both-end approximation algorithm to establish a quantum channel. After the quantum channel is established, the quantum state is transferred by quantum teleportation and the information transfer between any two nodes in wireless ad hoc quantum communication network is finished.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(批准号: 60902010)和东南大学移动通信国家重点实验室自主研究基金(批准号: 2012A03)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 60902010), and the State Key Laboratory of Mobile Communications, Southeast University, China (Grant No. 2012A03).
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    Mattle K, Weinfurter H, Kwiat P G, Zeilinger A 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 4656

    [3]

    Gisin N, Ribordy G, Tittel W, Zbinden H 2002 Rev. Modern Phys. 74 145

    [4]

    Klauck H, Nayak A, Ta-Shma A, Zuckerman D 2007 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 53 1970

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    Bennett C H, Brassard G, Crepeau C, Jozsa R, Peres A, Wooters W K 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 70 1895

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    Bartlett S D, Rudolph T, Spekkens R W 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 027901

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    Pan J W, Bouwmeester D, Weinfurter H, Zeilinger A 1998 Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 3891

    [10]

    Briegel H J, Duer W, Cirac J 1998Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 5932

    [11]

    Yang C P, Guo G C 2000 Chin. Phys. Lett. 17 162

    [12]

    Zhao Z, Yang T, Chen Y A, Zhang A N, Zukowski M, Pan J W 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 180401

    [13]

    Jin X M, Ren J G, Yang B, Yi Z H, Zhou F, Xu X F, Wang S K, Yang D, Hu Y F, Jiang S, Yang T, Chen K, Peng C Z, Pan J W 2010 Nat. Photonics 4 376

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    Dupuis F, Hayden P, Li K 2010 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 56 2946

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    Hsieh M H, Wilde M M 2010 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 56 4682

    [16]

    Zhou N R, Zeng G H, Gong L H, Liu S Q 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 5066 (in Chinese) [周南润, 曾贵华,龚黎华,刘三秋 2007 物理学报 56 5066]

    [17]

    Zhou N R, Zeng B Y, Wang L J, Gong L H 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 2193 ( in Chinese) [周南润,曾宾阳,王立军,龚黎华 2010 物理学报 59 2193]

    [18]

    Zhou X Q, Wu Y W, Zhao H 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 40304 (in Chinese) [周小清,邬云文,赵晗 2011 物理学报 60 40304]

    [19]

    Cheng S T, Wang C Y, Tao M H 2005 IEEE J. Sel. Area. Comm 23 1424

    [20]

    Zhou N R, Zeng G H, Zhu F C, Liu S Q 2006 J. Shanghai Jiaotong Univ. 40 1885 (in Chinese) [周南润, 曾贵华, 朱甫臣, 刘三秋2006 上海交通大学学报 40 1885]

    [21]

    Li J, Paul S, Jain R 2011 IEEE Comm. Mag. 49 26

    [22]

    Zhao Q, Tong L 2007 IEEE J. Sel. Area. Comm. 25 589

    [23]

    Zhou L D, Haas Z J 1999 IEEE Network 13 24

    [24]

    Bennett C H 1992 Phys. Rev. Letter. 69 2881

    [25]

    Royer E M, Toh C K 1999 IEEE Pers. Comm. 6 46

    [26]

    Kannhavong B, Nakayama H, Nemoto Y, Kato N, Jamalipour A 2007IEEE Wirel. Comm. 14 85

  • [1]

    Nielsen M A, Chuang I L 2000 Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (1st Ed.) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p3

    [2]

    Mattle K, Weinfurter H, Kwiat P G, Zeilinger A 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 76 4656

    [3]

    Gisin N, Ribordy G, Tittel W, Zbinden H 2002 Rev. Modern Phys. 74 145

    [4]

    Klauck H, Nayak A, Ta-Shma A, Zuckerman D 2007 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 53 1970

    [5]

    Bennett C H, Brassard G, Crepeau C, Jozsa R, Peres A, Wooters W K 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 70 1895

    [6]

    Bartlett S D, Rudolph T, Spekkens R W 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 027901

    [7]

    Zukowski M 1993 Phys. Lett. A 177 290

    [8]

    Bouwmeester D, Pan J W, Mattle K, Eibl M, Weinfurter H, Zeilinger A 1997 Nature 390 575

    [9]

    Pan J W, Bouwmeester D, Weinfurter H, Zeilinger A 1998 Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 3891

    [10]

    Briegel H J, Duer W, Cirac J 1998Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 5932

    [11]

    Yang C P, Guo G C 2000 Chin. Phys. Lett. 17 162

    [12]

    Zhao Z, Yang T, Chen Y A, Zhang A N, Zukowski M, Pan J W 2003 Phys. Rev. Lett. 91 180401

    [13]

    Jin X M, Ren J G, Yang B, Yi Z H, Zhou F, Xu X F, Wang S K, Yang D, Hu Y F, Jiang S, Yang T, Chen K, Peng C Z, Pan J W 2010 Nat. Photonics 4 376

    [14]

    Dupuis F, Hayden P, Li K 2010 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 56 2946

    [15]

    Hsieh M H, Wilde M M 2010 IEEE Trans. Info. Theory 56 4682

    [16]

    Zhou N R, Zeng G H, Gong L H, Liu S Q 2007 Acta Phys. Sin. 56 5066 (in Chinese) [周南润, 曾贵华,龚黎华,刘三秋 2007 物理学报 56 5066]

    [17]

    Zhou N R, Zeng B Y, Wang L J, Gong L H 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 2193 ( in Chinese) [周南润,曾宾阳,王立军,龚黎华 2010 物理学报 59 2193]

    [18]

    Zhou X Q, Wu Y W, Zhao H 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 40304 (in Chinese) [周小清,邬云文,赵晗 2011 物理学报 60 40304]

    [19]

    Cheng S T, Wang C Y, Tao M H 2005 IEEE J. Sel. Area. Comm 23 1424

    [20]

    Zhou N R, Zeng G H, Zhu F C, Liu S Q 2006 J. Shanghai Jiaotong Univ. 40 1885 (in Chinese) [周南润, 曾贵华, 朱甫臣, 刘三秋2006 上海交通大学学报 40 1885]

    [21]

    Li J, Paul S, Jain R 2011 IEEE Comm. Mag. 49 26

    [22]

    Zhao Q, Tong L 2007 IEEE J. Sel. Area. Comm. 25 589

    [23]

    Zhou L D, Haas Z J 1999 IEEE Network 13 24

    [24]

    Bennett C H 1992 Phys. Rev. Letter. 69 2881

    [25]

    Royer E M, Toh C K 1999 IEEE Pers. Comm. 6 46

    [26]

    Kannhavong B, Nakayama H, Nemoto Y, Kato N, Jamalipour A 2007IEEE Wirel. Comm. 14 85

计量
  • 文章访问数:  9868
  • PDF下载量:  1091
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-04-12
  • 修回日期:  2012-06-07
  • 刊出日期:  2012-11-05

基于量子远程传态的无线自组织量子通信网络路由协议

  • 1. 东南大学, 毫米波国家重点实验室, 南京 210096;
  • 2. 东南大学物理系, 南京 210096;
  • 3. 东南大学, 移动通信国家重点实验室, 南京 210096
    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(批准号: 60902010)和东南大学移动通信国家重点实验室自主研究基金(批准号: 2012A03)资助的课题.

摘要: 针对复杂结构的无线量子通信网络, 提出了无线自组织量子通信网络概念并设计其路由协议.该路由协议为按需路由协议, 路由度量基于相邻节点间的纠缠粒子对数目.需要发送携带信息的量子态的节点发起路由请求和建立过程, 由目的节点根据路由度量选择路径.目的节点选择路径后, 沿所选路径发送路由应答信息至源节点并通知路径中其他节点.信息传输过程中, 若所选路径中相邻节点间无线信道或者量子信道中断, 将重新发起一个路由发现过程, 建立新路由. 路径中节点收到路由应答信息后, 利用纠缠交换和两端逼近方法, 从路径两端向中间节点方向进行纠缠交换, 建立量子信道后, 通过量子远程传态传输携带信息的量子态, 从而实现无线自组织量子通信网络中任意两节点间信息的传递.

English Abstract

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