[1] [1] Burroughes J H,Bradley D D C,Brown A R,Marks R N,Mackay K,Friend R H,Burns P L,Holmes A B 1990 Nature 347 539
[2] [2] Pei Q B,Yu G,Zhang C,Yang Y,Heeger A J 1995 Science 269 1086
[3] [3] Heeger A J,Kivelson S,Schrieffer J R,Su W P 1988 Rev. Mod. Phys. 60 781
[4] [4]Drechsler S L,Malek J,Eschrig H,Kpple H,Cederbaum L S 1993 Synth. Met. 57 4272
[5] [5] Sun X 1990 The Soliton And Polaron In High Polymers (Chengdu:Sichuan Education Press) p135 (in Chinese) [孙鑫 1990 高聚物中的孤子和极化子(成都:四川教育出版社)第135页]
[6] [6] Brazovskill S A,Kirova N N,Sov 1981 Phys. JETP. Lett. 33 4
[7] [7]Campbell D K,Bishop A R,Fesser K 1982 Phys. Rev.B 26 6862
[8] [8] Brazovskii S,Kirova N 1981 Chem. Scripta 17 171
[9] [9] Wang L X,Liu D S,Xie S J 2002 Acta Phys. Sin. 51 362 (in Chinese) [王鹿霞、刘德胜、解士杰 2002 物理学报 51 362]
[10] ]Zhang X J,Li G Q,Sun X 2002 Acta Phys. Sin. 51 134 (in Chinese) [张锡娟、李广起、孙鑫 2002 物理学报 51 134]
[11] ]Liu X J,Gao K,Li Y,Fu J Y,Wei J H,Xie S J 2007 Synth. Met. 157 380
[12] ]Yu J F,Wu C Q,Sun X,Nasu K 2004 Phys. Rev. B 70 064303
[13] ]Rakhmanova S V,Conwell E M 2000 Synth. Met. 110 37
[14] ]Wang L X,Zhang D C,Liu D S,Han S H,Xie S J 2003 Acta Phys. Sin. 52 2547 (in Chinese) [王鹿霞、张大成、刘德胜、韩圣浩、解士杰 2003 物理学报 52 2547]
[15] ]Wu C Q 2005 Synthetic Metals 152 493
[16] ]Rakhmanova S V,Conwell E M 1999 Appl. Phys. Lett. 75 1518
[17] ] Johansson A A,Starfstrm S 2004 Phys. Rev. B 69 235205
[18] ] An Z,Li Z J,Liu Y,Li Y C 1997 Z. Phys.B 103 61