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基于克尔效应的真空绝缘子表面电场在线测量

刘微粒 邹晓兵 付洋洋 王鹏 王新新

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基于克尔效应的真空绝缘子表面电场在线测量

刘微粒, 邹晓兵, 付洋洋, 王鹏, 王新新

On-line measurement on surface electric field of insulator in vacuum based on Kerr effect

Liu Wei-Li, Zou Xiao-Bing, Fu Yang-Yang, Wang Peng, Wang Xin-Xin
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  • 克尔效应(Kerr Effect)作为一种电光效应,主要表现为:克尔介质在外加电场作用下,会使得入射到其中的探测光带有外加电场的信息. 基于上述原理,设计并搭建了由快脉冲高电压源、YAG激光器、同步控制子系统、被测绝缘子及克尔效应单元、相位差检测子系统构成的真空绝缘子表面电场在线测量实验平台. 通过对比性测量,观察到了真空绝缘子沿面带电导致的表面电场畸变现象. 并进一步对绝缘子表面电场的畸变进行了时间分辨测量.
    Kerr effect is defined as an electro-optical physical phenomenon, in which the testing laser can change its polarization state as passing through a Kerr medium stressed by applied field. In this work, an on-line measurement system based on Kerr effect is established to investigate the surface electric field of insulator stressed by nanosecond HV pulse in vacuum which include a HV pulse source, YAG laser, synchronous controlling apparatus, Kerr cell & insulator sample, optical phase shift detecting subsystem. According to comparison experiments, the distortion of insulator surface electric field caused by surface charging is observed. And a time-resolution measurement on this field distortion is also performed.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:51107064)和教育部博士点基金(批准号:20100002120007)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51107064), and the Doctoral Fund of Ministry of Education of China (Grant No. 20100002120007).
    [1]

    Miller H C 1989 IEEE Trans. Electrical Insulation 24 765

    [2]

    Stern J E, Mercy K R 1971 IEEE Trans. Electrical Insulation EI-6 90

    [3]

    Vlieks A E, Allen M A, Callin R S, Fowkes W R, Hoyt E W, Lebacqz J V, Lee T G 1989 IEEE Trans. Electrical Insulation 24 1023

    [4]

    Wetzer J M 1997 IEEE Trans. Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 4 349

    [5]

    Li S T, Huang Q F, Sun J, Zhang T, Li J Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 422 (in Chinese) [李盛涛, 黄奇峰, 孙健, 张拓, 李建英 2010 物理学报 59 422]

    [6]

    Zhang G J, Zhao W B, Zheng N, Yu K K, Ma X P, Yan Z 2007 High Voltage Engineering 33 30 (in Chinese) [张冠军, 赵文彬, 郑楠, 于开坤, 马新沛, 严璋2007 高电压技术 33 30]

    [7]

    Anderson R A 1974 Appl. Phys. Lett. 24 54

    [8]

    Blaise G, Gressus C L 1991 J. Appl. Phys. 69 6334

    [9]

    Tumiran, Maeyama M, Imada H, Kobayashi S, Saito Y 1997 IEEE Trans. Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 4 400

    [10]

    Chalmers I D, Lei J H, Yang B, Siew W H 1995 IEEE Trans. Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 2 225

    [11]

    Faircloth D C, Allen N L 2003 IEEE Trans. Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 10 285

    [12]

    Sone M, Toriyama K, Toriyama Y 1974 Appl. Phys. Lett. 24 115

    [13]

    Zahn M 1994 IEEE Trans. Electrical Insulation 1 235

    [14]

    Zhu H L, Liu W L, Zou X B, Wang X X 2011 High Voltage Engineering 37 717 (in Chinse) [朱宏林, 刘微粒, 邹晓兵, 王新新 2011高电压技术 37 717]

  • [1]

    Miller H C 1989 IEEE Trans. Electrical Insulation 24 765

    [2]

    Stern J E, Mercy K R 1971 IEEE Trans. Electrical Insulation EI-6 90

    [3]

    Vlieks A E, Allen M A, Callin R S, Fowkes W R, Hoyt E W, Lebacqz J V, Lee T G 1989 IEEE Trans. Electrical Insulation 24 1023

    [4]

    Wetzer J M 1997 IEEE Trans. Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 4 349

    [5]

    Li S T, Huang Q F, Sun J, Zhang T, Li J Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 422 (in Chinese) [李盛涛, 黄奇峰, 孙健, 张拓, 李建英 2010 物理学报 59 422]

    [6]

    Zhang G J, Zhao W B, Zheng N, Yu K K, Ma X P, Yan Z 2007 High Voltage Engineering 33 30 (in Chinese) [张冠军, 赵文彬, 郑楠, 于开坤, 马新沛, 严璋2007 高电压技术 33 30]

    [7]

    Anderson R A 1974 Appl. Phys. Lett. 24 54

    [8]

    Blaise G, Gressus C L 1991 J. Appl. Phys. 69 6334

    [9]

    Tumiran, Maeyama M, Imada H, Kobayashi S, Saito Y 1997 IEEE Trans. Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 4 400

    [10]

    Chalmers I D, Lei J H, Yang B, Siew W H 1995 IEEE Trans. Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 2 225

    [11]

    Faircloth D C, Allen N L 2003 IEEE Trans. Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation 10 285

    [12]

    Sone M, Toriyama K, Toriyama Y 1974 Appl. Phys. Lett. 24 115

    [13]

    Zahn M 1994 IEEE Trans. Electrical Insulation 1 235

    [14]

    Zhu H L, Liu W L, Zou X B, Wang X X 2011 High Voltage Engineering 37 717 (in Chinse) [朱宏林, 刘微粒, 邹晓兵, 王新新 2011高电压技术 37 717]

计量
  • 文章访问数:  2235
  • PDF下载量:  616
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-11-17
  • 修回日期:  2014-01-11
  • 刊出日期:  2014-05-05

基于克尔效应的真空绝缘子表面电场在线测量

  • 1. 清华大学电机系, 电力系统国家重点实验室, 北京 100084
    基金项目: 

    国家自然科学基金(批准号:51107064)和教育部博士点基金(批准号:20100002120007)资助的课题.

摘要: 克尔效应(Kerr Effect)作为一种电光效应,主要表现为:克尔介质在外加电场作用下,会使得入射到其中的探测光带有外加电场的信息. 基于上述原理,设计并搭建了由快脉冲高电压源、YAG激光器、同步控制子系统、被测绝缘子及克尔效应单元、相位差检测子系统构成的真空绝缘子表面电场在线测量实验平台. 通过对比性测量,观察到了真空绝缘子沿面带电导致的表面电场畸变现象. 并进一步对绝缘子表面电场的畸变进行了时间分辨测量.

English Abstract

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