搜索

x

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于永磁恒定磁场激励的起始磁化曲线测量

邓东阁 武新军 左苏

引用本文:
Citation:

基于永磁恒定磁场激励的起始磁化曲线测量

邓东阁, 武新军, 左苏

Measurement of initial magnetization curve based on constant magnetic field excited by permanent magnet

Deng Dong-Ge, Wu Xin-Jun, Zuo Su
PDF
导出引用
  • 现有起始磁化曲线测量系统需绕制励磁线圈和感应线圈, 在线应用受限. 为此, 本文提出了一种基于永磁恒定磁场激励的起始磁化曲线测量原理并搭建了相应测量系统. 该系统采用永磁磁化器作为激励磁源, 以对称磁化方法在圆柱棒状构件上激励出随轴向位置变化的恒定磁场作为激励磁场; 采用阵列霍尔探头测量构件表面不同提离下的轴向和法向磁感应强度; 并基于多项式外推法和磁场高斯定理外推法, 推算构件与空气分界面上的轴向和法向磁感应强度; 进一步地, 根据分界面上的磁感应强度获取构件的起始磁化曲线. 系统测量结果表明, 在永磁恒定磁场激励下, 无须励磁线圈和感应线圈即可方便地获取棒状构件的起始磁化曲线, 测量误差小于10%, 测量误差标准差小于0.01, 重复性较好. 该系统可为便捷地在线测量棒状构件起始磁化曲线提供新途径.
    The initial magnetization curve is closely related to the stress in ferromagnetic material, thus it could be used to evaluate the stress in ferromagnetic member online. However, the initial magnetization curve measurement system recommended by the technical standard IEC 60404-4 is not suitable for online application. It is inevitable to use excitation coils to generate the excitation field and induction coils to obtain the magnetic flux density, however winding coils closely and uniformly online is not easy to operate. To obtain the initial magnetization curve easily, a calculation method for initial magnetization curve under constant magnetization based on time-space transformation is put forward in this paper. The theoretical correctness of this method is validated through simulation with the constant current coil magnetization. Considering the fact that the constant magnetic field could also be provided by permanent magnets and that magnetizing ferromagnetic members online by permanent magnets are convenient to achieve, in this paper, we put forward the measuring principle of initial magnetization curve based on a constant magnetic field excited by permanent magnets further and set up the corresponding measurement system. This system employs permanent magnetizers as the excitation magnetic source, and adopts symmetric magnetization methods to produce a constant magnetic field on a cylindrical rod-shaped member. The excited constant magnetic field changes along the axial position of the member. Under this exciting field, the axial and radial magnetic flux densities at different lift-offs from the surface of the member are measured by a testing probe including Hall chip array. Then, the axial and radial magnetic flux densities at the interface between the member and air are calculated based on the extrapolation method through utilizing polynomial function fitting and the Gauss's law for magnetism. Furthermore, the axial magnetic field strength within the member is calculated from the axial magnetic flux density at the interface according to the continuity of the tangential magnetic field strength. On the other hand, the induced magnetic flux density within the member is calculated from the radial magnetic flux density at the interface on the basis of the Gauss' law for magnetism, the basic equation of magnetization curve in Rayleigh region and the law of approach to saturation. Finally, the initial magnetization curve could be measured. System measurement results show that with no excitation coils nor induction coils, the initial magnetization curve of the cylindrical rod-shaped member can be easily obtained from the axial and radial magnetic flux densities at the interface of the member under the constant magnetic field excited by permanent magnetizers. The measurement error is less than 10%, and the standard deviation of the error is less than 0.01, which shows that the measurement repeatability is good. Therefore, this proposed system could provide a new approach to measuring the initial magnetization curve of cylindrical rod-shaped members online conveniently.
      通信作者: 武新军, xinjunwu@mail.hust.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:51477059)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Wu Xin-Jun, xinjunwu@mail.hust.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51477059).
    [1]

    Bozorth R M 1993 Ferromagnetism (Piscataway: IEEE Press) p602

    [2]

    Lloyd G M, Singh V, Wang M L, Hovorka O 2003 IEEE Sens. J. 3 708

    [3]

    Tang D D, Huang S L, Chen W M, Zhang J 2006 J. Sci. Instrum. 27 1695 (in Chinese) [唐德东, 黄尚廉, 陈伟民, 张洁 2006 仪器仪表学报 27 1695]

    [4]

    Stupakov O, Tom I, Kadlecov J 2006 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39 248

    [5]

    Karimian N, Wilson J W, Peyton A J, Yin W, Liu J, Davis C L 2014 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 352 81

    [6]

    Liu J, Wilson J, Strangwood M, Davis C L, Peyton A, Parker J 2015 Int. J. Pres. Vess. Pip. 132-133 65

    [7]

    Sumitro S, Kurokawa S, Shimano K, Wang M L 2005 Smart Mater. Struct. 14 S68

    [8]

    Huang D Y 2012 Ph. D. Dissertation (Jilin: Jilin University) (in Chinese) [黄东岩 2012 博士学位论文 (吉林: 吉林大学)]

    [9]

    Tang D D, Huang S L, Chen W M, Jiang J S 2008 Smart Mater. Struct. 17 025019

    [10]

    Huang D Y, Han B, Zhang T 2014 J. Magn. Mater. Devices 45 55 (in Chinese) [黄东岩, 韩冰, 张涛 2014 磁性材料及器件 45 55]

    [11]

    Stupakov O, Wood R, Melikhov Y, Jiles D 2010 IEEE Tran. Magn. 46 298

    [12]

    Deng D G, Wu X J 2015 Acta Phys. Sin. 64 237503 (in Chinese) [邓东阁, 武新军 2015 物理学报 64 237503]

    [13]

    He Y Z 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 084105 (in Chinese) [何永周 2013 物理学报 62 084105]

    [14]

    Xu J, Cheng C, Wu X J, Shen G T 2012 J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Tech. 40 12 (in Chinese) [徐江, 程丞, 武新军, 沈功田 2012 华中科技大学学报 40 12]

    [15]

    Garshelis I J, Tollens S P L, Kari R J, Vandenbossche L P, Dupr L R. 2006 J. Appl. Phys. 99 08D910

    [16]

    Ben A R 2012 M. S. Thesis (Wuhan: Huazhong University of Science and Technology) (in Chinese) [贲安然 2012 硕士学位论文 (武汉: 华中科技大学)]

    [17]

    Hu L, Zou J, Fu X, Yang Y H, Ruan X D, Wang C Y 2009 Meas. Sci. Technol. 20 015103

    [18]

    Perevertov O 2005 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76 104701

    [19]

    Yuan J M 2012 Ph. D. Dissertation (Wuhan: Huazhong University of Science and Technology) (in Chinese) [袁建明 2012 博士学位论文(武汉: 华中科技大学)]

  • [1]

    Bozorth R M 1993 Ferromagnetism (Piscataway: IEEE Press) p602

    [2]

    Lloyd G M, Singh V, Wang M L, Hovorka O 2003 IEEE Sens. J. 3 708

    [3]

    Tang D D, Huang S L, Chen W M, Zhang J 2006 J. Sci. Instrum. 27 1695 (in Chinese) [唐德东, 黄尚廉, 陈伟民, 张洁 2006 仪器仪表学报 27 1695]

    [4]

    Stupakov O, Tom I, Kadlecov J 2006 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39 248

    [5]

    Karimian N, Wilson J W, Peyton A J, Yin W, Liu J, Davis C L 2014 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 352 81

    [6]

    Liu J, Wilson J, Strangwood M, Davis C L, Peyton A, Parker J 2015 Int. J. Pres. Vess. Pip. 132-133 65

    [7]

    Sumitro S, Kurokawa S, Shimano K, Wang M L 2005 Smart Mater. Struct. 14 S68

    [8]

    Huang D Y 2012 Ph. D. Dissertation (Jilin: Jilin University) (in Chinese) [黄东岩 2012 博士学位论文 (吉林: 吉林大学)]

    [9]

    Tang D D, Huang S L, Chen W M, Jiang J S 2008 Smart Mater. Struct. 17 025019

    [10]

    Huang D Y, Han B, Zhang T 2014 J. Magn. Mater. Devices 45 55 (in Chinese) [黄东岩, 韩冰, 张涛 2014 磁性材料及器件 45 55]

    [11]

    Stupakov O, Wood R, Melikhov Y, Jiles D 2010 IEEE Tran. Magn. 46 298

    [12]

    Deng D G, Wu X J 2015 Acta Phys. Sin. 64 237503 (in Chinese) [邓东阁, 武新军 2015 物理学报 64 237503]

    [13]

    He Y Z 2013 Acta Phys. Sin. 62 084105 (in Chinese) [何永周 2013 物理学报 62 084105]

    [14]

    Xu J, Cheng C, Wu X J, Shen G T 2012 J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Tech. 40 12 (in Chinese) [徐江, 程丞, 武新军, 沈功田 2012 华中科技大学学报 40 12]

    [15]

    Garshelis I J, Tollens S P L, Kari R J, Vandenbossche L P, Dupr L R. 2006 J. Appl. Phys. 99 08D910

    [16]

    Ben A R 2012 M. S. Thesis (Wuhan: Huazhong University of Science and Technology) (in Chinese) [贲安然 2012 硕士学位论文 (武汉: 华中科技大学)]

    [17]

    Hu L, Zou J, Fu X, Yang Y H, Ruan X D, Wang C Y 2009 Meas. Sci. Technol. 20 015103

    [18]

    Perevertov O 2005 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76 104701

    [19]

    Yuan J M 2012 Ph. D. Dissertation (Wuhan: Huazhong University of Science and Technology) (in Chinese) [袁建明 2012 博士学位论文(武汉: 华中科技大学)]

  • [1] 苏徐昆, 冷永刚, 张雨阳, 范胜波. 单面双极性磁铁空间磁感应强度模型. 物理学报, 2021, 70(16): 167501. doi: 10.7498/aps.70.20210448
    [2] 崔勇, 吴明, 宋晓, 黄玉平, 贾琦, 陶云飞, 王琛. 小型低频发射天线的研究进展. 物理学报, 2020, 69(20): 208401. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20200792
    [3] 李子亮, 师振莲, 王鹏军. 采用永磁铁的钠原子二维磁光阱的设计和研究. 物理学报, 2020, 69(12): 126701. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20200266
    [4] 施伟, 周强, 刘斌. 基于旋转永磁体的超低频机械天线电磁特性分析. 物理学报, 2019, 68(18): 188401. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20190339
    [5] 李柱柏, 李赟, 秦渊, 张雪峰, 沈保根. 稀土永磁体及复合磁体反磁化过程和矫顽力. 物理学报, 2019, 68(17): 177501. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20190364
    [6] 邓东阁, 左苏, 武新军. 基于表面磁感应强度的铁磁构件应力恒磁表征方法. 物理学报, 2018, 67(17): 178103. doi: 10.7498/aps.67.20180560
    [7] 刘忠深, 特古斯, 欧志强, 范文迪, 宋志强, 哈斯朝鲁, 伟伟, 韩睿. 在永磁体强磁场中Mn1.2Fe0.8P1-xSix系列化合物热磁发电研究. 物理学报, 2015, 64(4): 047103. doi: 10.7498/aps.64.047103
    [8] 邓东阁, 武新军. 基于时空变换恒定磁化的起始磁化曲线推算方法. 物理学报, 2015, 64(23): 237503. doi: 10.7498/aps.64.237503
    [9] 刘微粒, 邹晓兵, 付洋洋, 王鹏, 王新新. 基于克尔效应的真空绝缘子表面电场在线测量. 物理学报, 2014, 63(9): 095207. doi: 10.7498/aps.63.095207
    [10] 何永周. 永磁体外部磁场的不均匀性研究. 物理学报, 2013, 62(8): 084105. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.084105
    [11] 马俊, 杨万民, 王妙, 陈森林, 冯忠岭. 辅助永磁体磁化方式对单畴GdBCO超导块材捕获磁场分布及其磁悬浮力的影响. 物理学报, 2013, 62(22): 227401. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.227401
    [12] 马俊, 杨万民, 李佳伟, 王妙, 陈森林. 辅助永磁体的引入方式对单畴GdBCO超导块材磁场分布及其磁悬浮力的影响. 物理学报, 2012, 61(13): 137401. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.137401
    [13] 郭春生, 万宁, 马卫东, 熊聪, 张光沉, 冯士维. 序进应力在线加速退化模型研究. 物理学报, 2011, 60(12): 128501. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.128501
    [14] 马俊, 杨万民, 李国政, 程晓芳, 郭晓丹. 永磁体辅助下单畴GdBCO超导体和永磁体之间的磁悬浮力研究. 物理学报, 2011, 60(2): 027401. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.027401
    [15] 刘桂雄, 徐晨, 张沛强, 吴庭万. 永磁体在磁流体中的磁力学建模及自悬浮位置可控性. 物理学报, 2009, 58(3): 2005-2010. doi: 10.7498/aps.58.2005
    [16] 张 然, 刘 颖, 高升吉, 谢 治, 涂铭旌. 添加Dy在快淬NdFeB永磁体中的作用. 物理学报, 2008, 57(1): 526-530. doi: 10.7498/aps.57.526
    [17] 张 然, 刘 颖, 李 军, 马毅龙, 高升吉, 涂铭旌. 添加Nb在快淬NdFeB永磁体中的作用研究. 物理学报, 2007, 56(1): 518-521. doi: 10.7498/aps.56.518
    [18] 虞益挺, 苑伟政, 乔大勇, 梁 庆. 一种在线测量微机械薄膜残余应力的新结构. 物理学报, 2007, 56(10): 5691-5697. doi: 10.7498/aps.56.5691
    [19] 成问好, 李卫, 李传健. Nb含量对烧结NbFeB永磁体磁性能及显微结构的影响. 物理学报, 2001, 50(1): 139-143. doi: 10.7498/aps.50.139
    [20] 新材料室. 液相烧结SmCo5永磁体磁滞回线与温度的关系. 物理学报, 1976, 25(6): 536-540. doi: 10.7498/aps.25.536
计量
  • 文章访问数:  3422
  • PDF下载量:  198
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-31
  • 修回日期:  2016-04-01
  • 刊出日期:  2016-07-05

基于永磁恒定磁场激励的起始磁化曲线测量

    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:51477059)资助的课题.

摘要: 现有起始磁化曲线测量系统需绕制励磁线圈和感应线圈, 在线应用受限. 为此, 本文提出了一种基于永磁恒定磁场激励的起始磁化曲线测量原理并搭建了相应测量系统. 该系统采用永磁磁化器作为激励磁源, 以对称磁化方法在圆柱棒状构件上激励出随轴向位置变化的恒定磁场作为激励磁场; 采用阵列霍尔探头测量构件表面不同提离下的轴向和法向磁感应强度; 并基于多项式外推法和磁场高斯定理外推法, 推算构件与空气分界面上的轴向和法向磁感应强度; 进一步地, 根据分界面上的磁感应强度获取构件的起始磁化曲线. 系统测量结果表明, 在永磁恒定磁场激励下, 无须励磁线圈和感应线圈即可方便地获取棒状构件的起始磁化曲线, 测量误差小于10%, 测量误差标准差小于0.01, 重复性较好. 该系统可为便捷地在线测量棒状构件起始磁化曲线提供新途径.

English Abstract

参考文献 (19)

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回