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金属粒子阵列共振的偏振特性

殷澄 许田 陈秉岩 韩庆邦

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金属粒子阵列共振的偏振特性

殷澄, 许田, 陈秉岩, 韩庆邦

Polarization characteristics of the lattice resonance of metal nanoparticle array

Yin Cheng, Xu Tian, Chen Bing-Yan, Han Qing-Bang
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  • 当金属纳米粒子形成规则分布且阵列周期与单粒子的共振波长近似匹配时, 会形成一种特殊的阵列共振, 这种共振比单粒子的局域表面等离子体共振具有更窄的共振线宽和更高的共振强度. 基于修正的长波近似方法, 讨论了矩形阵列的消光截面与阵列因子和单粒子的极化率之间的关系; 并详细研究了在不同偏振的入射光照射下, 阵列因子随着电偶极子方向的改变而产生的变化, 以及这一效应对阵列共振和消光截面所产生的影响. 结果表明, 大型的方阵是偏振无关的; 在矩形阵列中, 沿着阵列两个轴向的相邻粒子之间的耦合形成了阵列因子的两个极值, 并且分别对应了散射截面的最小值.
    A special lattice resonance can be observed when the array period of a metal nanoparticle array matches the resonant wavelength of the localized plasmon resonance of an isolated particle. The lattice resonance is sharper and its linewidth is narrower than the localized plasmonics resonance of a single particle. According to the modified long wavelength approximation approach, we discuss the extinction cross-section of the rectangular array in terms of the array factor and the particle polarizability. In this paper we emphasize the polarization characteristics of the regular array when the laser is incident vertically under different polarizations, and we also discuss in detail the variation of the array factor with the direction of electric dipole, and its influence on extinction cross section of the particle array. The square lattice with big size is polarization independent, while the rectangular lattice is polarization dependent. The coupling between the neighboring particle dipoles along the two lattice vectors of the regular array gives rise to a maximum value of its array factor, which determines a minimum value of the extinction cross section. When the incident light is polarized along one of the lattice vectors, the dipole coupling along that direction can be ignored since the particles are located in the far field of its neighboring particles, and the relevant peak in the array factor disappears.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 11404092)和江苏省自然科学基金(批准号: SBK2014043338)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11404092) and the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. SBK2014043338).
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    Eleonora P, Ulrich J K 2011 Anal. Chim. Acta 706 8

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    Craig F B, Donald R H 1998 Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (New York: John Wiley & Sons) p136

    [12]

    Alexander M 2009 JOSA B 26 517

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    García de Abajo F J 2007 Rev. Mod. Phys. 79 1267

    [14]

    Kravets V G, Schedin F, Grigorenko A N 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 22 087403

    [15]

    Rodriguez S, Schaafsma M, Berrier A, Rivas J G 2012 Physica B 407 4081

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    Väkeväinen A I, Moerland R J, Rekola H T, Eskelinen A P, Martikainen J P, Kim D H, Törmä P 2014 Nano Lett. 14 1721

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  • [1]

    Ekmel O 2006 Science 311 189

    [2]

    Stefan A M, Harry A A 2005 J. Appl. Phys. 98 011101

    [3]

    Katherine A W, Richard V D 2007 Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58 267

    [4]

    Xu D, Wang X Y, Huang Y G, Ouyang S L, He H L, He H 2015 Chin. Phys. B 24 024205

    [5]

    Huang Q, Zhang X D, Zhang H, Xiong S Z, Geng W D, Geng X H, Zhao Y 2010 Chin. Phys. B 19 047304

    [6]

    Guo Y N, Xue W R, Zhang W M 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 4168 (in Chinese) [郭亚楠, 薛文瑞, 张文梅 2009 物理学报 58 4168]

    [7]

    Stefan A M, Mark L B, Pieter G K, Sheffer M, Ari A G R, Harry A A 2001 Adv. Mater. 13 1501

    [8]

    Huang Q, Xiong S Z, Zhao Y, Zhang X D 2012 Acta Phys. Sin. 61 157801 (in Chinese) [黄茜, 熊绍珍, 赵颖, 张晓丹 2012 物理学报 61 157801]

    [9]

    Huang Q, Cao L R, Sun J, Zhang X D, Geng W D, Xiong S Z, Zhao Y, Wang J 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 1980 (in Chinese) [黄茜, 曹丽冉, 孙建, 张晓丹, 耿卫东, 熊绍珍, 赵颖, 王京 2009 物理学报 58 1980]

    [10]

    Eleonora P, Ulrich J K 2011 Anal. Chim. Acta 706 8

    [11]

    Craig F B, Donald R H 1998 Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (New York: John Wiley & Sons) p136

    [12]

    Alexander M 2009 JOSA B 26 517

    [13]

    García de Abajo F J 2007 Rev. Mod. Phys. 79 1267

    [14]

    Kravets V G, Schedin F, Grigorenko A N 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 22 087403

    [15]

    Rodriguez S, Schaafsma M, Berrier A, Rivas J G 2012 Physica B 407 4081

    [16]

    Väkeväinen A I, Moerland R J, Rekola H T, Eskelinen A P, Martikainen J P, Kim D H, Törmä P 2014 Nano Lett. 14 1721

    [17]

    Palik E D 1985 Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (New York: Academic Press) p275

    [18]

    Hulst H C 1981 Light Scattering by Small Particles (New York: Dover Publications, Inc) p4

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-01-28
  • 修回日期:  2015-03-09
  • 刊出日期:  2015-08-05

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