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系列小分子液体中α弛豫与探针离子电导行为的对比

赵兴宇 王丽娜 韩宏博 尚洁莹

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系列小分子液体中α弛豫与探针离子电导行为的对比

赵兴宇, 王丽娜, 韩宏博, 尚洁莹

Comparative investigations on α relaxation and conductivity of probe ions in a series of small molecular liquids

Zhao Xing-Yu, Wang Li-Na, Han Hong-Bo, Shang Jie-Ying
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  • 液体中平动和转动的耦合性是凝聚态物理长期关注的问题之一, 本文采用介电谱方法同时获得了系列小分子液体中α弛豫的弛豫时间和探针离子的电导率. 样品包括具有不同分子形状和官能团的碳原子数跨度在3—14范围内的15种一元和二元小分子液体. 分析结果表明平动和转动的耦合性与液体分子的官能团并没有直接的对应关系, 对分子形状、大小和离子大小也不是十分敏感, 但是液体的微观结构是影响平动和转动耦合性的重要因素. 也就是, 无论在一元还是二元体系中, 液体的微观结构没有改变时电导率的倒数和弛豫时间与温度的依赖关系具有一致性, 这也为弛豫时间的测量提供了一种方法. 研究结果还表明, 液体中自身携带的杂质离子与定量掺入离子的电导率的温度依赖关系相同, 为电解质溶解度低的有机小分子液体中离子电导率行为的研究提供了思路. 本文中单羟基醇的实验结果也与单羟基醇中α弛豫而非Debye弛豫对应于体系结构弛豫的观点相一致.
    The coupling between translational motion and rotational motion in liquids is one of the long-standing concerns in condensed matter physics. The relaxation times of α relaxation and probe ion conductivities in a series of small molecular liquids, 15 types of single and binary small molecular liquids with different molecular shapes and functional groups when the number of carbon atoms is in a range from 3 to 14, are simultaneously obtained by dielectric spectroscopy method in this work. The results indicate that the coupling between translation and rotation is not directly related to the functional group of liquid molecules, nor very sensitive to the shape nor the size of molecules or ion size. However, the microstructure of liquid is a key factor affecting the coupling between translation and rotation. In other words, when the microstructure of the liquid is unchanged, the dependence of relaxation time on temperature is consistent with the dependence of conductivity reciprocal on temperature, whether in single small molecular liquids or in binary small molecular liquids, which provides a method for measuring relaxation time. The research results also show that the temperature dependence of the conductivity of the impurity ions carried by the liquid itself is consistent with the one of quantitatively doped ions, providing the ideas for investigating the ion conductivity behavior in organic small molecular liquids with low electrolyte solubilities. The experimental results of monohydroxy alcohol are consistent with the viewpoint that α relaxation rather than Debye relaxation corresponds to the system structure relaxation.
      通信作者: 王丽娜, wln_shuijin@163.com
    • 基金项目: 新疆维吾尔自治区自然科学基金(批准号: 2021D01C464, 2021D01C465)和伊犁师范大学提升学科综合实力专项 (批准号: 22XKZY27)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Wang Li-Na, wln_shuijin@163.com
    • Funds: Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China (Grant Nos. 2021D01C464, 2021D01C465) and the Special Project for Enhancing the Comprehensive Strength of Disciplines of Yili Normal University, China (Grant No. 22XKZY27).
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    Shirai K, Watanabe K, Momida H 2022 J. Phys. : Condens. Matter 34 375902Google Scholar

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    Ouyang L F, Shen J, Huang Y, Sun Y H, Bai H Y, Wang W H 2023 J. Appl. Phys. 133 85105Google Scholar

    [3]

    Böhmer R, Gainaru C, Richert R 2014 Phys. Rep. 545 125Google Scholar

    [4]

    Shen J, Zhang H P, Chen Z Q, Ouyang L F, Wang F R, Lu Z, Li M Z, Sun Y H, Bai H Y, Wang W H 2023 Acta Mater. 244 118554Google Scholar

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    Singh A, Singh Y 2023 Phys. Rev. E 107 14119Google Scholar

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    Volbers J C, Lauterböck L, Hofmann N, Glasmacher B 2016 Curr. Dir. Biomed. Eng. 2 315Google Scholar

    [7]

    Zhu X C, Miller-Ezzy P, Gluis M, Zhao Y Y, Qin J G, Tang Y H, Liu Y B, Li X X 2023 Aquaculture 574 739650Google Scholar

    [8]

    Novikov V N 2016 Chem. Phys. Lett. 659 133Google Scholar

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    Dyre J C 2006 Rev. Mod. Phys. 78 953Google Scholar

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    Kremer F 2002 J. Non-Cryst. Solids 305 1Google Scholar

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    Iacob C, Sangoro J R, Serghei A, Naumov S, Korth Y, Kärger J, Friedrich C, Kremer F 2008 J. Chem. Phys. 129 234511Google Scholar

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    Wang J, Cai Z Q, Kang H, Huo B K, Zhang Y H, Gao Y Q, Li Z J, Feng S D, Wang L M 2024 Mater. Design 238 112665Google Scholar

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    Duan Y J, Nabahat M, Tong Y, Ortiz-Membrado L, Jiménez-Piqué E, Zhao K, Wang Y J, Yang Y, Wada T, Kato H, Pelletier J M, Qiao J C, Pineda E 2024 Phys. Rev. Lett. 132 56101Google Scholar

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    Chen Y X, Feng S D, Lu X Q, Pan S P, Xia C Q, Wang L M 2023 J. Chem. Phys. 158 134511Google Scholar

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    Duan Y J, Zhang L T, Qiao J C, Wang Y J, Yang Y, Wada T, Kato H, Pelletier J M, Pineda E, Crespo D 2022 Phys. Rev. Lett. 129 175501Google Scholar

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    Zhao X Y, Wang L N, Yin H M, Zhou H W, Huang Y N 2019 Chin. Phys. B 28 86601Google Scholar

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    Nernst W 1888 Z. Phys. Chem. 2 613Google Scholar

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    Einstein A 1905 Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 17 549Google Scholar

    [19]

    Claisse F, Koenig H P 1956 Acta Metallurgica 4 650Google Scholar

    [20]

    Masuhr A, Waniuk T A, Busch R, Johnson W L 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 2290Google Scholar

    [21]

    Wang L M and Sun M D 2010 J. Yanshan Univ. 34 471 [王利民, 孙明道 2010 燕山大学学报 34 471]Google Scholar

    Wang L M and Sun M D 2010 J. Yanshan Univ. 34 471Google Scholar

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    Tarjus G, Kivelson D 1995 J. Chem. Phys. 103 3071Google Scholar

    [23]

    Khrapak S A 2022 J. Mol. Liq. 354 118840Google Scholar

    [24]

    Griffin P J, Sangoro J R, Wang Y, Holt A P, Novikov V N, Sokolov A P, Wojnarowska Z, Paluch M, Kremer F 2013 Soft Matter 9 10373Google Scholar

    [25]

    Swiergiel J, Bouteiller L, Jadzyn J 2014 Soft Matter 10 8457Google Scholar

    [26]

    Kawasaki T, Kim K 2019 Sci. Rep. 9 8118Google Scholar

    [27]

    Power G, Vij J K, Johari G P 2007 J. Phys. Chem. B 111 11201Google Scholar

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    Xiao H, Zhang L, Yi J, Li S, Zhao B G, Zhai Q J, Gao Y L 2022 Intermetallics 143 107494Google Scholar

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    Charbonneau P, Jin Y, Parisi G, Zamponi F 2014 Proc. National Academy Sci. 111 15025Google Scholar

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    Starzonek S, Rzoska S J, Drozd-Rzoska A, Pawlus S, Biała E, Martinez-Garcia J C, Kistersky L 2015 Soft Matter 11 5554Google Scholar

    [31]

    Zhao X Y, Wang L N, He Y F, Zhou H, Huang Y N 2020 Chem. Phys. 528 110473Google Scholar

    [32]

    Ishai P B, Talary M S, Caduff A, Levy E, Feldman Y 2013 Meas. Sci. Technol. 24 102001Google Scholar

    [33]

    Lunkenheimer P, Schneider U, Brand R, Loidl A 2000 Contemp. Phys. 41 15Google Scholar

    [34]

    Huth H, Wang L M, Schick C, Richert R 2007 J. Chem. Phys. 126 104503Google Scholar

    [35]

    Jakobsen B, Maggi C, Christensen T, Dyre J C 2008 J. Chem. Phys. 129 184502Google Scholar

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    Gainaru C, Meier R, Schildmann S, Lederle C, Hiller W, Rössler E A, Böhmer R 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 258303Google Scholar

    [37]

    Gainaru C, Kastner S, Mayr F, Lunkenheimer P, Schildmann S, Weber H J, Hiller W, Loidl A, Böhmer R 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 118304Google Scholar

    [38]

    Bauer S, Burlafinger K, Gainaru C, Lunkenheimer P, Hiller W, Loidl A, Böhmer R 2013 J. Chem. Phys. 138 94505Google Scholar

    [39]

    Lu G, Wang L N, Zhao X Y, He Y, Huang Y N 2021 Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 35 2150014Google Scholar

    [40]

    Wang L N, Zhao X Y, Huang Y N 2019 Chin. Phys. Lett. 36 97701Google Scholar

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    Ediger M D, Angell C A, Nagel S R 1996 J. Phys. Chem. 100 13200Google Scholar

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    Zhang H, Zhong C, Douglas J F, Wang X D, Cao Q P, Zhang D X, Jiang J Z 2015 J. Chem. Phys. 142 164506Google Scholar

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    Moynihan C T, Macedo P B, Montrose C J, Gupta P K 1976 Ann. Ny. Acad. Sci. 279 15Google Scholar

  • 图 1  掺入0.5‰氯化钠的1, 3-丙二醇的$ \varepsilon '' $

    Fig. 1.  $ \varepsilon '' $ of 1, 3-propanediol doped with 0.5‰ NaCl.

    图 2  掺入0.5‰氯化钠的1,3-丙二醇的$ \omega \varepsilon '' $和$ \sigma $

    Fig. 2.  $ \omega \varepsilon '' $ and $ \sigma $ of 1,3-propanediol doped with 0.5‰ NaCl.

    图 3  1, 3-丙二醇原始样品的$ \omega \varepsilon '' $和$ \sigma $

    Fig. 3.  $ \omega \varepsilon '' $ and $ \sigma $ of crude 1, 3-propanediol.

    图 4  掺入0.5‰氯化钠的1,3-丙二醇及其原始样品的$ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $和$ \sigma $

    Fig. 4.  $ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $ and $ \sigma $ of 1,3-propanediol doped with 0.5‰ NaCl and its crude sample.

    图 5  掺入0.1‰氯化镁的三丙二醇和掺入0.1‰氯化钠的一缩二丙二醇及其原始样品的$ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $和$ \sigma $

    Fig. 5.  $ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $ and $ \sigma $ of tripropylene glycol doped with 0.1‰ MgCl2 and dipropylene glycol with 0.1‰ NaCl as well as their crude samples.

    图 6  掺入1‰氯化钠的丙三醇[16]及其原始样品[33]的$ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $和$ \sigma $

    Fig. 6.  $ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $ and $ \sigma $ of glycerol doped with 1‰ NaCl[16] and its crude sample[33].

    图 7  邻苯二甲酸二乙酯和邻苯二甲酸二丙酯原始样品的$ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $和$ \sigma $

    Fig. 7.  $ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $ and $ \sigma $ of crude diethyl phthalate and dipropyl phthalate.

    图 8  掺入0.3‰氯化钠的70%1,2-丙二醇和30%1, 3-丙二醇混合液体与掺入0.3‰氯化镁的70%1,3-丁二醇和30%丙三醇混合液体及其原始样品的$ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $和$ \sigma $

    Fig. 8.  $ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $ and $ \sigma $ of mixed liquid of 70% 1,2-propanediol and 30% 1,3-propanediol doped with 0.3‰ NaCl and mixed liquid of 70% 1,3-butanediol and 30% glycerol doped with 0.3‰ MgCl2 as well as their crude samples.

    图 9  2-乙基–1-丁醇的$ \varepsilon '' $

    Fig. 9.  $ \varepsilon '' $ of 2-ethyl-1-butanol.

    图 10  2-乙基–1-丁醇的$ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $[38], $ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{D}}} $和$ \sigma $

    Fig. 10.  $ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{r}}} $[38], $ {\tau }_{{\mathrm{D}}} $ and $ \sigma $ of 2-ethyl-1-butanol.

  • [1]

    Shirai K, Watanabe K, Momida H 2022 J. Phys. : Condens. Matter 34 375902Google Scholar

    [2]

    Ouyang L F, Shen J, Huang Y, Sun Y H, Bai H Y, Wang W H 2023 J. Appl. Phys. 133 85105Google Scholar

    [3]

    Böhmer R, Gainaru C, Richert R 2014 Phys. Rep. 545 125Google Scholar

    [4]

    Shen J, Zhang H P, Chen Z Q, Ouyang L F, Wang F R, Lu Z, Li M Z, Sun Y H, Bai H Y, Wang W H 2023 Acta Mater. 244 118554Google Scholar

    [5]

    Singh A, Singh Y 2023 Phys. Rev. E 107 14119Google Scholar

    [6]

    Volbers J C, Lauterböck L, Hofmann N, Glasmacher B 2016 Curr. Dir. Biomed. Eng. 2 315Google Scholar

    [7]

    Zhu X C, Miller-Ezzy P, Gluis M, Zhao Y Y, Qin J G, Tang Y H, Liu Y B, Li X X 2023 Aquaculture 574 739650Google Scholar

    [8]

    Novikov V N 2016 Chem. Phys. Lett. 659 133Google Scholar

    [9]

    Dyre J C 2006 Rev. Mod. Phys. 78 953Google Scholar

    [10]

    Kremer F 2002 J. Non-Cryst. Solids 305 1Google Scholar

    [11]

    Iacob C, Sangoro J R, Serghei A, Naumov S, Korth Y, Kärger J, Friedrich C, Kremer F 2008 J. Chem. Phys. 129 234511Google Scholar

    [12]

    Wang J, Cai Z Q, Kang H, Huo B K, Zhang Y H, Gao Y Q, Li Z J, Feng S D, Wang L M 2024 Mater. Design 238 112665Google Scholar

    [13]

    Duan Y J, Nabahat M, Tong Y, Ortiz-Membrado L, Jiménez-Piqué E, Zhao K, Wang Y J, Yang Y, Wada T, Kato H, Pelletier J M, Qiao J C, Pineda E 2024 Phys. Rev. Lett. 132 56101Google Scholar

    [14]

    Chen Y X, Feng S D, Lu X Q, Pan S P, Xia C Q, Wang L M 2023 J. Chem. Phys. 158 134511Google Scholar

    [15]

    Duan Y J, Zhang L T, Qiao J C, Wang Y J, Yang Y, Wada T, Kato H, Pelletier J M, Pineda E, Crespo D 2022 Phys. Rev. Lett. 129 175501Google Scholar

    [16]

    Zhao X Y, Wang L N, Yin H M, Zhou H W, Huang Y N 2019 Chin. Phys. B 28 86601Google Scholar

    [17]

    Nernst W 1888 Z. Phys. Chem. 2 613Google Scholar

    [18]

    Einstein A 1905 Ann. Phys. (Berlin) 17 549Google Scholar

    [19]

    Claisse F, Koenig H P 1956 Acta Metallurgica 4 650Google Scholar

    [20]

    Masuhr A, Waniuk T A, Busch R, Johnson W L 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 2290Google Scholar

    [21]

    Wang L M and Sun M D 2010 J. Yanshan Univ. 34 471 [王利民, 孙明道 2010 燕山大学学报 34 471]Google Scholar

    Wang L M and Sun M D 2010 J. Yanshan Univ. 34 471Google Scholar

    [22]

    Tarjus G, Kivelson D 1995 J. Chem. Phys. 103 3071Google Scholar

    [23]

    Khrapak S A 2022 J. Mol. Liq. 354 118840Google Scholar

    [24]

    Griffin P J, Sangoro J R, Wang Y, Holt A P, Novikov V N, Sokolov A P, Wojnarowska Z, Paluch M, Kremer F 2013 Soft Matter 9 10373Google Scholar

    [25]

    Swiergiel J, Bouteiller L, Jadzyn J 2014 Soft Matter 10 8457Google Scholar

    [26]

    Kawasaki T, Kim K 2019 Sci. Rep. 9 8118Google Scholar

    [27]

    Power G, Vij J K, Johari G P 2007 J. Phys. Chem. B 111 11201Google Scholar

    [28]

    Xiao H, Zhang L, Yi J, Li S, Zhao B G, Zhai Q J, Gao Y L 2022 Intermetallics 143 107494Google Scholar

    [29]

    Charbonneau P, Jin Y, Parisi G, Zamponi F 2014 Proc. National Academy Sci. 111 15025Google Scholar

    [30]

    Starzonek S, Rzoska S J, Drozd-Rzoska A, Pawlus S, Biała E, Martinez-Garcia J C, Kistersky L 2015 Soft Matter 11 5554Google Scholar

    [31]

    Zhao X Y, Wang L N, He Y F, Zhou H, Huang Y N 2020 Chem. Phys. 528 110473Google Scholar

    [32]

    Ishai P B, Talary M S, Caduff A, Levy E, Feldman Y 2013 Meas. Sci. Technol. 24 102001Google Scholar

    [33]

    Lunkenheimer P, Schneider U, Brand R, Loidl A 2000 Contemp. Phys. 41 15Google Scholar

    [34]

    Huth H, Wang L M, Schick C, Richert R 2007 J. Chem. Phys. 126 104503Google Scholar

    [35]

    Jakobsen B, Maggi C, Christensen T, Dyre J C 2008 J. Chem. Phys. 129 184502Google Scholar

    [36]

    Gainaru C, Meier R, Schildmann S, Lederle C, Hiller W, Rössler E A, Böhmer R 2010 Phys. Rev. Lett. 105 258303Google Scholar

    [37]

    Gainaru C, Kastner S, Mayr F, Lunkenheimer P, Schildmann S, Weber H J, Hiller W, Loidl A, Böhmer R 2011 Phys. Rev. Lett. 107 118304Google Scholar

    [38]

    Bauer S, Burlafinger K, Gainaru C, Lunkenheimer P, Hiller W, Loidl A, Böhmer R 2013 J. Chem. Phys. 138 94505Google Scholar

    [39]

    Lu G, Wang L N, Zhao X Y, He Y, Huang Y N 2021 Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 35 2150014Google Scholar

    [40]

    Wang L N, Zhao X Y, Huang Y N 2019 Chin. Phys. Lett. 36 97701Google Scholar

    [41]

    Ediger M D, Angell C A, Nagel S R 1996 J. Phys. Chem. 100 13200Google Scholar

    [42]

    Zhang H, Zhong C, Douglas J F, Wang X D, Cao Q P, Zhang D X, Jiang J Z 2015 J. Chem. Phys. 142 164506Google Scholar

    [43]

    Moynihan C T, Macedo P B, Montrose C J, Gupta P K 1976 Ann. Ny. Acad. Sci. 279 15Google Scholar

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  • 收稿日期:  2024-04-07
  • 修回日期:  2024-05-17
  • 上网日期:  2024-05-30
  • 刊出日期:  2024-07-20

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