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基于平行磁控的磁化等离子体光子晶体THz波调制器

周雯 季珂 陈鹤鸣

引用本文:
Citation:

基于平行磁控的磁化等离子体光子晶体THz波调制器

周雯, 季珂, 陈鹤鸣

Parallel magneticcontrolled THz modulator based on two-dimensional magnetized plasma photonic crystal

Zhou Wen, Ji Ke, Chen He-Ming
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  • 随着现代移动流量的剧烈增长,未来无线THz通信传输速率需求将会达到数十Gb/s,高速THz波调制器的研究对于THz无线通信系统具有重要意义.本文提出了一种新型的磁化等离子体THz波调制器,在二维光子晶体中引入线缺陷和填充锑化铟材料的点缺陷.基于法拉第磁光效应,由于锑化铟材料的回旋角频率落在THz频段,在外加磁场的作用下点缺陷表面可在THz频段形成磁化等离子体.当外加磁场与TE波传输方向平行时,单频光在谐振腔中分裂成左旋和右旋圆偏振光,二者的谐振频率差异随着外加磁场强度的增加而增大.控制外加磁场的有无便可实现缺陷模迁移型THz波调制器.利用时域有限差分法和有限元法分析其时域稳态场强分布和模场分布,结果表明当外加磁场强度为0和0.8 T时,可实现THz的通、断调制,消光比高达25.4 dB,插入损耗仅为0.3 dB,调制速率高达4 GHz.该器件在未来THz无线宽带通信中有着巨大的潜力和应用.
    THz waves are very good candidates for high-capacity wireless links since they offer a much higher bandwidth than RF frequencies. Photonic crystal (PC) offers a new opportunity for integrated THz wave devices. It permits the integrated devices to be miniaturized to a scale comparable to the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave. Considering their governing properties such as photonic band gap (PBG) and photon localization effect to control electromagnetic wave propagations, PC-based THz modulator has attracted much attention. Tunability strategies include mechanical control, electrical control, magneto static control, temperature control and optical pumping. However, the development of high-speed THz wireless communication system is limited by the low modulation depth and rate of previously reported modulators. In this paper, we propose a novel magnetic-controlled THz modulator based on a magnetized plasma PC consisting of line defects and a point defect. InSb, a semiconductor with high electron mobility, is introduced into the point defect. According to the magneto-optical effect, the refractive index of InSb changes rapidly under the control of the applied magnetic field (MF) intensity. Then the mode frequency in the point defect changes dynamically. The structure is based on a two-dimensional PC constructed by triangular lattice of Si rods in air. Based on the magneto-optic effect, the magnetized plasma defect mode in the THz regime can be decomposed into the left- and right-handed circularly polarized light when the applied magnetic field is parallel to the direction of the THz wave. And the difference in effective refractive index between the left- and right-handed circularly polarized light increases with the applied uniform magnetic field increasing. Therefore the on/off modulation of left- and right-hand circularly polarized light can be realized. The steady-state field intensity distribution and the time domain steady state response of TE wave propagating parallelly to the external magnetic field are simulated by the finite-difference-time-domain and finite element method. The simulation results show that PC-based mode transfer modulator has the potential application to THz wireless broadband communication system with a good performance of high contrast ratio (25.4 dB), low insertion loss (0.3 dB) and high modulation rate (~4 GHz). It is convenient to load the modulation signals in an easy MF application way. The device designed is leading the way to extend the application of THz wireless communication filed with advantages of small size, low insertion loss, and high extinction ratio.
      通信作者: 陈鹤鸣, chhm@njupt.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:61077084,61571237)、江苏省自然科学基金(批准号:BK20151509)和江苏省研究生科研创新计划(批准号:KYLX15_0835)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Chen He-Ming, chhm@njupt.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61077084, 61571237), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China (Grant No. BK20151509), and the Colleges and Universities in Jiangsu Province Plans for Graduate Research and Innovation, China (Grant No. KYLX15_0835).
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    Walowski J, Mnzenberg M 2016J.Appl.Phys. 120 140901

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    Yao J Q, Chi N, Yang P F 2009Chin.J.Lasers 36 2213(in Chinese)[姚建铨, 迟楠, 杨鹏飞2009中国激光36 2213]

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    Zhou W, Zhuang Y Y, Ji K, Chen H M 2015Opt.Express 23 24770

    [5]

    Ji K, Chen H M, Zhou W 2014J.Opt.Soc.Korea 18 589

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    Hasek T, Ghattan Z, Wilk R, Shahabadi M, Koch M 2008Proceedings of 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves Pasadena, USA, September 15-19, 2008 p1

    [7]

    Chen H M, Su J, Wang J L, Zhao X Y 2011Opt.Express 19 3599

    [8]

    Guo Z, Fan F, Bai J J, Niu C, Chang S J 2011Acta Phys.Sin. 60 074218(in Chinese)[郭展, 范飞, 白晋军, 牛超, 常胜江2011物理学报60 074218]

    [9]

    Liu C L, He X Y, Zhao Z Y, Zhang H, Shi W Z 2015Opt.Commun. 356 64

    [10]

    Hu B, Zhang Y, Wang Q J 2015J.Nanophotonics 4 1

    [11]

    Fan F, Guo Z, Bai J J, Wang X H, Chang S J 2011Acta Phys.Sin. 60 084219(in Chinese)[范飞, 郭展, 白晋军, 王湘晖, 常胜江2011物理学报60 084219]

    [12]

    Rivas J G, Janke C, Bolivar P H, Kurz H 2005Opt.Express 13 847

    [13]

    Fan F, Chang S J, Gu W H, Wang X H, Chen A Q 2012IEEE Photon.Technol.Lett. 24 2080

    [14]

    Hu B, Wang Q J, Zhang Y 2012Opt.Express 20 10071

    [15]

    Wang X, Belyanin A A, Crooker S A, Mittleman D M, Kono J 2010Nature Phys. 6 126

    [16]

    Gu W H, Chang S J, Fan F, Zhang N, Zhang X Z 2016Opt.Commun. 377 110

    [17]

    Han J G, Lakhtakia A, Tian Z, Lu X C, Zhang W L 2009Opt.Lett. 34 1465

    [18]

    Arikawa T, Wang X F, Belyanin A A, Kono J 2012Opt.Express 20 19484

    [19]

    Yuan L M, Yang Z Q, Lan F, Gao X, Shi Z J, Liang Z 2010Acta Phys.Sin. 59 352(in Chinese)[元丽梅, 杨梓强, 兰峰, 高喜, 史宗君, 梁正2010物理学报59 352]

    [20]

    Halevi P, Ramos-Mendieta F 2000Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 1875

    [21]

    Zudov M A, Mitchell A P, Chin A H, Kono J 2003J.Appl.Phys. 94 3271

  • [1]

    Walowski J, Mnzenberg M 2016J.Appl.Phys. 120 140901

    [2]

    Yao J Q, Chi N, Yang P F 2009Chin.J.Lasers 36 2213(in Chinese)[姚建铨, 迟楠, 杨鹏飞2009中国激光36 2213]

    [3]

    Cao J C, Lei X L, Hu Q, Zhang C, Zhang X C 2014Physics 43 500(in Chinese)[曹俊成, 雷啸霖, 胡青, 张潮, 张希成2014物理43 500]

    [4]

    Zhou W, Zhuang Y Y, Ji K, Chen H M 2015Opt.Express 23 24770

    [5]

    Ji K, Chen H M, Zhou W 2014J.Opt.Soc.Korea 18 589

    [6]

    Hasek T, Ghattan Z, Wilk R, Shahabadi M, Koch M 2008Proceedings of 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves Pasadena, USA, September 15-19, 2008 p1

    [7]

    Chen H M, Su J, Wang J L, Zhao X Y 2011Opt.Express 19 3599

    [8]

    Guo Z, Fan F, Bai J J, Niu C, Chang S J 2011Acta Phys.Sin. 60 074218(in Chinese)[郭展, 范飞, 白晋军, 牛超, 常胜江2011物理学报60 074218]

    [9]

    Liu C L, He X Y, Zhao Z Y, Zhang H, Shi W Z 2015Opt.Commun. 356 64

    [10]

    Hu B, Zhang Y, Wang Q J 2015J.Nanophotonics 4 1

    [11]

    Fan F, Guo Z, Bai J J, Wang X H, Chang S J 2011Acta Phys.Sin. 60 084219(in Chinese)[范飞, 郭展, 白晋军, 王湘晖, 常胜江2011物理学报60 084219]

    [12]

    Rivas J G, Janke C, Bolivar P H, Kurz H 2005Opt.Express 13 847

    [13]

    Fan F, Chang S J, Gu W H, Wang X H, Chen A Q 2012IEEE Photon.Technol.Lett. 24 2080

    [14]

    Hu B, Wang Q J, Zhang Y 2012Opt.Express 20 10071

    [15]

    Wang X, Belyanin A A, Crooker S A, Mittleman D M, Kono J 2010Nature Phys. 6 126

    [16]

    Gu W H, Chang S J, Fan F, Zhang N, Zhang X Z 2016Opt.Commun. 377 110

    [17]

    Han J G, Lakhtakia A, Tian Z, Lu X C, Zhang W L 2009Opt.Lett. 34 1465

    [18]

    Arikawa T, Wang X F, Belyanin A A, Kono J 2012Opt.Express 20 19484

    [19]

    Yuan L M, Yang Z Q, Lan F, Gao X, Shi Z J, Liang Z 2010Acta Phys.Sin. 59 352(in Chinese)[元丽梅, 杨梓强, 兰峰, 高喜, 史宗君, 梁正2010物理学报59 352]

    [20]

    Halevi P, Ramos-Mendieta F 2000Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 1875

    [21]

    Zudov M A, Mitchell A P, Chin A H, Kono J 2003J.Appl.Phys. 94 3271

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-08-05
  • 修回日期:  2016-12-06
  • 刊出日期:  2017-03-05

基于平行磁控的磁化等离子体光子晶体THz波调制器

  • 1. 南京邮电大学光电工程学院, 南京 210023;
  • 2. 南京邮电大学贝尔英才学院, 南京 210023
  • 通信作者: 陈鹤鸣, chhm@njupt.edu.cn
    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:61077084,61571237)、江苏省自然科学基金(批准号:BK20151509)和江苏省研究生科研创新计划(批准号:KYLX15_0835)资助的课题.

摘要: 随着现代移动流量的剧烈增长,未来无线THz通信传输速率需求将会达到数十Gb/s,高速THz波调制器的研究对于THz无线通信系统具有重要意义.本文提出了一种新型的磁化等离子体THz波调制器,在二维光子晶体中引入线缺陷和填充锑化铟材料的点缺陷.基于法拉第磁光效应,由于锑化铟材料的回旋角频率落在THz频段,在外加磁场的作用下点缺陷表面可在THz频段形成磁化等离子体.当外加磁场与TE波传输方向平行时,单频光在谐振腔中分裂成左旋和右旋圆偏振光,二者的谐振频率差异随着外加磁场强度的增加而增大.控制外加磁场的有无便可实现缺陷模迁移型THz波调制器.利用时域有限差分法和有限元法分析其时域稳态场强分布和模场分布,结果表明当外加磁场强度为0和0.8 T时,可实现THz的通、断调制,消光比高达25.4 dB,插入损耗仅为0.3 dB,调制速率高达4 GHz.该器件在未来THz无线宽带通信中有着巨大的潜力和应用.

English Abstract

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