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Ba1-xB2-y-zO4SixAlyGaz晶体和频可调谐深紫外飞秒激光器

孟祥昊 刘华刚 黄见洪 戴殊韬 邓晶 阮开明 陈金明 林文雄

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Ba1-xB2-y-zO4SixAlyGaz晶体和频可调谐深紫外飞秒激光器

孟祥昊, 刘华刚, 黄见洪, 戴殊韬, 邓晶, 阮开明, 陈金明, 林文雄

Tunable deep ultraviolet femtosecond sum frequency laser based on Ba1-xB2-y-zO4SixAlyGaz crystal

Meng Xiang-Hao, Liu Hua-Gang, Huang Jian-Hong, Dai Shu-Tao, Deng Jing, Ruan Kai-Ming, Chen Jin-Ming, Lin Wen-Xiong
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  • 介绍了一种基于新型非线性晶体Ba1-xB2-y-zO4SixAlyGaz 的可调谐深紫外飞秒激光光源. 从理论上分析了基频光和倍频光在通过非线性晶体时所造成的空间走离和群速度失配, 为了补偿空间走离以及波长调谐过程中晶体折射造成的光束偏离现象, 将两块相同的倍频晶体成镜像放置来产生二次谐波. 并调节延迟线的长度来补偿基频光和倍频光之间的群速度失配, 从而提高和频转换效率. 然后通过和频方式进行三倍频和四倍频来突破晶体相位匹配条件的限制, 产生了波长低于200 nm的深紫外飞秒激光. 利用钛宝石激光器提供基频光光源, 最终在250–300 nm, 192.5–210 nm 范围内获得了高重频、可调谐超短脉冲紫外和深紫外激光. 并在基频光波长为800 nm时, 得到的二倍频、三倍频和四倍频的功率分别为1.28 W, 194 mW和5.8 mW, 相对于前一级的转换效率依次为46.14%, 15.16%和3%. 采用互相关法测量得到266.7 nm紫外激光的脉冲宽度约为640.4 fs.
    Tunable coherent deep ultraviolet (DUV) light sources, especially ultrashort pulse DUV lasers have great applications in the fields of time-resolved, material processing, spectroscopy, laser spectroscopy and laser fusion. In the UV region, the best choice of generating the laser pulses in the femtosecond or picosecond regime is the frequency up-conversation technique based on second order nonlinearities. Over the past three decades, quite a lot of nonlinear crystals, such as LiB3O5, βup-BaB2O4, KBe2BO3F2 and Ba1-xB2-y- zO4SixAlyGaz have been developed and employed for generating the femtosecond pulses in the blue, ultraviolet, and even the deep-ultraviolet region. A tunable deep ultraviolet femtosecond laser is experimentally studied based on the new nonlinear crystal Ba1-xB2-y-zO4SixAlyGaz It is a kind of low-temperature phase barium metaborate single crystal belonging to a trigonal system, doped with one or more elements selected from Si, Al and Ga. As an optimized β-BaB2O4 crystal, Ba1-xB2-y-zO4SixAlyGaz completely overcomes the shortcomings of deliquescence compared with β-BaB2O4, and its nonlinear efficiency and optical damage threshold have also been greatly improved. Using two crystals as second harmonic generation is to compensate for the spatial walk-off effect and the light path walk-off due to refraction effect The optical axis of the second Ba1-xB2-y-zO4SixAlyGaz is twice the phase matching angle with respect to the first one. In a femtosecond regime, short pulse provides high efficient frequency conversation due to their high peak powers, but the group velocity mismatch is a cognitive factor to limit conversion efficiency. It is obvious that after the frequency doubling, the second harmonic pulse and fundamental pulse separate from each other. The second harmonic pulse lags behind the fundamental pulse as they propagate through the crystal and the second harmonic pulse is broadened into a longer pulse duration than the fundamental pulse The method to compensate for the group velocity mismatch is to adjust the path length between the fundamental and second harmonic pulse by means of time delay line. It consists of beam splitters and mirrors. Tunable deep ultraviolet pulse within a wavelength range from 192.5 to 210 nm is produced, with a maximum average power of 5.8 mW, under a 2.78 W fundamental power. The average power of second harmonic, third harmonic and fourth harmonic are 1.28 W, 194 mW and 5.8 mW at the fundamental wavelength of 800 nm, corresponding to conversion efficiencies of 46.14%, 15.16% and 3% from the previous stage, respectively. The duration of the third harmonic pulse is 640.4 fs at 266.7 nm as measured by the cross-correlation technique.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重大科研仪器设备研制专项(批准号: 11327804)、中国科学院科研装备研制项目(批准号: yz201341)、福建省科技计划工业科技重点项目(批准号: 2012H0050)、国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(批准号: 61205134)和中国科学院海西研究院"春苗"青年人才专项(批准号: CMZX-2014-002)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11327804), the Instrument Developing Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. yz201341), the Key Program of Industrial Science and Technology Plan of Fujian Province, China (Grant No. 2012H0050), the Young Scientists Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61205134), and the Chunmiao Project of Haixi Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. CMZX-2014-002).
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    Chen C, Togashi T, Suganuma T, Sekikawa T, Watanabe S, Xu Z, Wang J 2002 Opt. Lett. 27 637

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    Chen C, Xu Z, Deng D, Zhang J, Wong G, Wu B 1996 Appl. Phys. Lett. 68 2930

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    Wang R, Teng H, Wang N, Han H N, Wang Z H, Wei Z Y, Hong M C, Lin W X 2014 Opt. Lett. 39 2105

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    Gao L L, Tan H M, Chen Y X 2003 Laser Technology 3 245 (in Chinese) [高兰兰,檀慧明, 陈颖新 2003 激光技术 3 245]

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    Chen C T, Lin Z S 2004 J. Synth. Crys. 33 455 (in Chinese) [陈创天, 林哲帅 2004 人工晶体学报 33 455]

    [2]

    Chen C T, Liu L J 2007 J. Chin. Ceram. Soc. 35 1 (in Chinese) [陈创天, 刘丽娟 2007 硅酸盐学报 35 1]

    [3]

    Gao Z Y, Zhu J F, Tian W L, Wang J L, Wang Q, Zhang Z G, Wei Z Y, Yu H H, Zhang H J, Wang J Y 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 054207

    [4]

    He J L, Lu X Q, Jia Y L 2000 Acta Phys. Sin. 49 2106 (in Chinese) [何京良, 卢兴强, 贾玉磊 2000 物理学报 49 2106]

    [5]

    Dubietis A, Tamošauskas G, Varanavičius A 2000 Opt. Lett. 25 1116

    [6]

    Liu H, Gong M L 2009 Acta Phys. Sin. 58 5443 (in Chinese) [刘欢, 巩马理 2009 物理学报 58 5443]

    [7]

    Nebel A, Beigang R 1991 Opt. Lett. 16 1729

    [8]

    Liu H G, Hu M L, Liu B W, Song Y J, Chai L, Wang Q Y 2010 Acta Phys. Sin. 59 3979 (in Chinese) [刘华刚, 胡明列, 刘博文, 宋有建, 柴璐, 王清月 2010 物理学报 59 3979]

    [9]

    Wang G, Wang X, Zhou Y, Li C, Zhu Y, Xu Z, Chen C 2008 Appl. Opt. 47 486

    [10]

    Chen C, Togashi T, Suganuma T, Sekikawa T, Watanabe S, Xu Z, Wang J 2002 Opt. Lett. 27 637

    [11]

    Chen C, Xu Z, Deng D, Zhang J, Wong G, Wu B 1996 Appl. Phys. Lett. 68 2930

    [12]

    Rotermund F, Petrov V 1998 Opt. Lett. 23 1040

    [13]

    Kanai T, Kanda T, Sekikawa T 2004 J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21 370

    [14]

    Chen C Z 2011 US patent 2 322 697 [2011-07-14]

    [15]

    Wang R, Teng H, Wang N, Han H N, Wang Z H, Wei Z Y, Hong M C, Lin W X 2014 Opt. Lett. 39 2105

    [16]

    Gao L L, Tan H M, Chen Y X 2003 Laser Technology 3 245 (in Chinese) [高兰兰,檀慧明, 陈颖新 2003 激光技术 3 245]

    [17]

    Gehr R J, Kimmel R W, Smith A V 1998 Opt. Lett. 23 1298

    [18]

    Huang J, Chang Y, Shen T, Yang Y 2008 Opt. Commun. 281 5244

    [19]

    Dastmalchi B, Tassin P, Koschny T, Soukoulis C 2014 Phys. Rev. B 89 115123

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-02-02
  • 修回日期:  2015-03-05
  • 刊出日期:  2015-08-05

Ba1-xB2-y-zO4SixAlyGaz晶体和频可调谐深紫外飞秒激光器

  • 1. 中国科学院福建物质结构研究所, 中国科学院光电材料化学与物理重点实验室, 福州 350002;
  • 2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重大科研仪器设备研制专项(批准号: 11327804)、中国科学院科研装备研制项目(批准号: yz201341)、福建省科技计划工业科技重点项目(批准号: 2012H0050)、国家自然科学基金青年科学基金(批准号: 61205134)和中国科学院海西研究院"春苗"青年人才专项(批准号: CMZX-2014-002)资助的课题.

摘要: 介绍了一种基于新型非线性晶体Ba1-xB2-y-zO4SixAlyGaz 的可调谐深紫外飞秒激光光源. 从理论上分析了基频光和倍频光在通过非线性晶体时所造成的空间走离和群速度失配, 为了补偿空间走离以及波长调谐过程中晶体折射造成的光束偏离现象, 将两块相同的倍频晶体成镜像放置来产生二次谐波. 并调节延迟线的长度来补偿基频光和倍频光之间的群速度失配, 从而提高和频转换效率. 然后通过和频方式进行三倍频和四倍频来突破晶体相位匹配条件的限制, 产生了波长低于200 nm的深紫外飞秒激光. 利用钛宝石激光器提供基频光光源, 最终在250–300 nm, 192.5–210 nm 范围内获得了高重频、可调谐超短脉冲紫外和深紫外激光. 并在基频光波长为800 nm时, 得到的二倍频、三倍频和四倍频的功率分别为1.28 W, 194 mW和5.8 mW, 相对于前一级的转换效率依次为46.14%, 15.16%和3%. 采用互相关法测量得到266.7 nm紫外激光的脉冲宽度约为640.4 fs.

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