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空间调制稳态微型快拍成像测偏技术研究

曹奇志 张晶 Edward DeHoog 卢远 胡宝清 李武钢 李建映 樊东鑫 邓婷 闫妍

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空间调制稳态微型快拍成像测偏技术研究

曹奇志, 张晶, Edward DeHoog, 卢远, 胡宝清, 李武钢, 李建映, 樊东鑫, 邓婷, 闫妍

Static subminiature snapshot imaging polarimeter using spatial modulation

Cao Qi-Zhi, Zhang Jing, Edward DeHoog, Lu Yuang, Hu Bao-Qing, Li Wu-Gang, Li Jian-Ying, Fan Dong-Xin, Deng Ting, Yan Yan
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  • 空间调制快拍成像测偏技术能通过空间调制将目标全部的斯托克斯参量编码到一幅干涉图像中, 实现一次拍摄获取全部偏振信息和二维空间图像, 在生物医学、空间遥感和军事监测等方面具有重要的科学意义和广阔的应用前景. 在之前的研究中, 理论分析了基于改进型萨瓦偏光镜的空间调制稳态微型快拍成像测偏技术(MSPSIP)方案与基于传统萨瓦偏光镜的空间调制稳态微型快拍成像测偏技术方案相比:前者在空间载频和通道宽度上提高了2倍, 反演目标同一斯托克斯参量的数据面积提高了4倍, 这使得它在空间分辨率和信噪比等方面具有明显优势. 本文采用计算机仿真从定量和定性两方面论证该理论分析的正确性; 采用几何光线模型分析阐明目标的偏振态被MSPSIP调制的详细过程, 并给出了像面干涉图表达式. 搭建了实验装置, 实验验证了该方案的正确性. 讨论了调整分析器偏振化方向对干涉强度的影响, 为MSPSIP的实际应用和优化提供了理论指导. 该技术具有微型轻量、稳态、快拍, 结构简洁、直光路和易配准,可同时获取多维偏振信息和目标图像的显著特点.
    The spatially modulated snapshot imaging polarimeter can acquire the image and two-dimensional state of polarization using the spatial carrier fringe to encode the full Stokes vectors in a single interference image. It can be used in space exploration, earth observation and detection of biological medicine, land surface and oceans. In an earlier publication, we demonstrated by theoretical analysis that the spatially modulated snapshot imaging polarimeter using modified Savart polariscopes (MSPSIP) is comparable in carrier frequency, signal-to-noise ratio, and spatial resolution to a spatially modulated snapshot imaging polarimeter using conventional Savart polariscopes. In this investigation, the numerical simulation is used to demonstrate theoretical analysis and the feasibility of MSPSIP. Moreover, a geometric ray model is developed to explain the principle and scheme of MSPSIP and derive the expressions of interference intensities. Moreover, a laboratory experiment is conducted to demonstrate the validity of MSPSIP. In addition, we analyze that the interference intensity varies with the direction of polarization analyzer. This investigation enriches the study on MSPSIP and provides a theoretical and practical guidance for study, design, modulation, experiment and engineering of MSPSIP. Furthermore, the MSPSIP operates based on the principle of encodeding polarization information within the spatial modulation of the image. This unique technology allows all Stokes parameters to be simultaneously recorded from each spatial position in an image with a single integration period of the imaging system. The device contains no moving parts and requires no scanning, allowing it to acquire data without the motion artifacts normally associated with scanning polarimeter. In addition to having snapshot imaging and static (no moving parts) capabilities, image processing is simple, and the device is compact, and miniature. Therefore, we believe that MSPSIP will be useful in many applications, such as remote sensing and bioscience.
      通信作者: 张晶, zj_happiness@163.com
    • 基金项目: 北部湾环境演变与资源利用教育部重点实验室系统基金(批准号: 2014BGERLXT10)、广西师范学院博士启动基金、广西高校新型电功能材料重点实验室开放课题(批准号: DGN201501)、国家自然科学基金(批准号: 61275184)和国家高技术研究发展计划(批准号: 2012AA120211)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Zhang Jing, zj_happiness@163.com
    • Funds: Project supported by Opening fund of Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Resources Use in Beibu Gulf, Ministry of Education (Guangxi Teachers Education University), China (Grant No. 2014BGERLXT10), the Ph. D. Initial Fund of the Guangxi Teachers Education University, China, the Open Project of Key Laboratory of New Electric Functional Materials of Guangxi Colleges and Universities, China (Grant No. DGN201501), the Key Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61275184), and the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2012AA120211).
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    Wolf E 2007 Introduction to the Theory of Coherence and Polarization of Light (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

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    Oka K, Kaneko T 2003 Opt. Express 11 1510

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    Luo H T 2008 Ph. D. Dissertation (Arizona: University of Arizona)

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    Cao Q Z 2014 Ph. D. Dissertation (Xi'an: Xi'an Jiaotong University) [曹奇志 2014博士学位论文(西安: 西安交通大学)]

    [21]

    Cao Q Z, Zhang C, DeHoog E 2012 Appl. Opt. 51 5791

    [22]

    Luo H T, Oka K, Dehoog E, Kudenov M, Schiewgerling J, Dereniak E L 2008 Appl. Opt. 47 4413

    [23]

    Oka K, Saito N 2006 SPIE Optics and Photonics International Society for Optics and Photonics California, USA, August 13, 2006p629508

    [24]

    DeHoog E, Luo H, Oka K, Dereniak E L, Schiewgerling J 2009 Appl Opt. 48 1663

    [25]

    Kudenov M W, Escuti M J, Dereniak E L, Oka K 2011 Appl. Opt. 50 2283

    [26]

    Hu Q Y, Yang W F, Hu Y D, Hong J 2015 Acta Opt. Sin. 2 144 (in Chinese) [胡巧云, 杨伟锋, 胡亚东, 洪津 2015 光学学报 2 144 ]

    [27]

    Gong G Y, Sun X B, Yang W F, Liu Z 2015 Applied Optics and Photonics China (AOPC2015) International Society for Optics and Photonics Beijing, China, May 5-9, 2015 p 967529

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    Cao Q Z, Zhang C M, Zhang J, Kang Y Q 2014 Optik-International Journal for Light and Electron Optics 125 3380

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    Liang Q 1990 Appl. Opt. 29 1008

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    Francon M, Mallick S 1971 Polarization Interferometers (New York: Wiley)

  • [1]

    nik F, Craven-Jones J, Escuti M, Fineschi S, Harrington D, de Martino, A, Dimitri M, Jerome R, Tyo J S 2014 SPIE Sensing Technology and Applications International Society for Optics and Photonics Maryland, USA, May 5-9, 2014 p90990B

    [2]

    Alali S, Vitkin A 2015 J. Biomed. Opt. 20 061104

    [3]

    Tyo J S, Goldstein D L, Chenault D B, Shaw J A 2006 Appl. Opt. 45 5453

    [4]

    Goldstein D H 2010 Polarized Light(Florida: CRC Press)

    [5]

    Jian X H, Zhang C M, Zhu B H, Zhao B C, Du J 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 7565 (in Chinese) [简小华, 张淳民, 祝宝辉, 赵葆常, 杜鹃 2008 物理学报 57 7565]

    [6]

    Li S J, Jiang H J, Zhu J P, Duan J, Fu Q, Fu Y G, Dong K Y 2013 Chin. Opt. 6 803 (in Chinese) [李淑军, 姜会林, 朱京平, 段锦, 付强, 付跃刚, 董科研 2013 中国光学 6 803]

    [7]

    Song K S 2002 M. S. Dissertation (Changchun: Northeast Normal University) [宋开山 2002硕士论文(长春: 东北师范大学)]

    [8]

    Huang R 2004 M. S. Dissertation (Changchun: Northeast Normal University) [黄睿2004硕士论文(长春: 东北师范大学)]

    [9]

    Zhao Y S, Huang F, Jin L, Jin X F, Zhou S X 2000 J. Remote Sens. 4 131 (in Chinese) [赵云升, 黄芳, 金伦, 金锡锋, 周淑香 2000 遥感学报 4 131]

    [10]

    He H H, Zeng N, Liao R, Ma H 2015 Progress in Biochemistry and Biophysics 42 419 (in Chinese) [何宏辉, 曾楠, 廖然, 马辉2015 生物化学与生物物理进展 42 419]

    [11]

    Li S, Qiu Z W, Yang C J 2010 J. Atmosph. Environ. Opt. 5 198 (in Chinese) [李双, 裘桢炜, 杨长久 2010 大气与环境光学学报 5 198]

    [12]

    Liu J, Xia R Q, Jin W Q, Wang X, Du L 2013 Opt. Tech. 39 56 (in Chinese) [刘敬, 夏润秋, 金伟其, 王霞, 杜岚2013光学技术 39 56]

    [13]

    Liu J, Jin W Q, Wang Y H, Wang X 2015 Acta Opt. Sin. 35 117 (in Chinese) [刘敬, 金伟其, 王亚慧, 王霞2015光学学报 35 117]

    [14]

    Wang Y, Xue M G, Huang Q C 2009 Comput. Engineer. 35 271 (in Chinese) [王勇, 薛模根, 黄勤超 2009 计算机工程 35 271]

    [15]

    Cheng M X, He Z J, Huang Z H 2008 Opto-Electron. Engineer. 35 93 (in Chinese) [程敏熙, 何振江, 黄佐华 2008 光电工程 35 93]

    [16]

    Schott J R 2009 Fundamentals of Polarimetric Remote Sensing (WA: Spie Press)

    [17]

    Wolf E 2007 Introduction to the Theory of Coherence and Polarization of Light (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

    [18]

    Oka K, Kaneko T 2003 Opt. Express 11 1510

    [19]

    Luo H T 2008 Ph. D. Dissertation (Arizona: University of Arizona)

    [20]

    Cao Q Z 2014 Ph. D. Dissertation (Xi'an: Xi'an Jiaotong University) [曹奇志 2014博士学位论文(西安: 西安交通大学)]

    [21]

    Cao Q Z, Zhang C, DeHoog E 2012 Appl. Opt. 51 5791

    [22]

    Luo H T, Oka K, Dehoog E, Kudenov M, Schiewgerling J, Dereniak E L 2008 Appl. Opt. 47 4413

    [23]

    Oka K, Saito N 2006 SPIE Optics and Photonics International Society for Optics and Photonics California, USA, August 13, 2006p629508

    [24]

    DeHoog E, Luo H, Oka K, Dereniak E L, Schiewgerling J 2009 Appl Opt. 48 1663

    [25]

    Kudenov M W, Escuti M J, Dereniak E L, Oka K 2011 Appl. Opt. 50 2283

    [26]

    Hu Q Y, Yang W F, Hu Y D, Hong J 2015 Acta Opt. Sin. 2 144 (in Chinese) [胡巧云, 杨伟锋, 胡亚东, 洪津 2015 光学学报 2 144 ]

    [27]

    Gong G Y, Sun X B, Yang W F, Liu Z 2015 Applied Optics and Photonics China (AOPC2015) International Society for Optics and Photonics Beijing, China, May 5-9, 2015 p 967529

    [28]

    Cao Q Z, Zhang C M, Zhang J, Kang Y Q 2014 Optik-International Journal for Light and Electron Optics 125 3380

    [29]

    Liang Q 1990 Appl. Opt. 29 1008

    [30]

    Francon M, Mallick S 1971 Polarization Interferometers (New York: Wiley)

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-11-05
  • 修回日期:  2015-12-15
  • 刊出日期:  2016-03-05

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