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单根SnO2纳米线器件的电输运性能及其机理研究

陈亚琦 许华慨 唐东升 余芳 雷乐 欧阳钢

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单根SnO2纳米线器件的电输运性能及其机理研究

陈亚琦, 许华慨, 唐东升, 余芳, 雷乐, 欧阳钢

Electrical transport properties and related mechanism of single SnO2 nanowire device

Chen Ya-Qi, Xu Hua-Kai, Tang Dong-Sheng, Yu Fang, Lei Le, Ouyang Gang
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  • 为探究常态环境下氧空位对单根SnO2纳米线电输运性能的影响,采用化学气相沉积法合成了SnO2纳米线,通过光刻微加工技术构筑了Au/单根SnO2纳米线/Au二端纳米器件.将单根SnO2纳米器件进行氢化处理,测试其在空气与真空中的伏安特性曲线,发现单根SnO2纳米线在空气和真空环境中呈现异常不同的电输运特性:在空气中,加偏压注入电子会使通过纳米器件的电流减小,Au电极与SnO2纳米线之间的接触势垒增大;抽真空后,在偏压的影响下,通过纳米器件的电流增大,Au/SnO2交界面的接触方式由肖特基接触转变成欧姆接触.实验分析表明,影响单根SnO2纳米线电输运特性行为的因素与纳米线表面的氧原子吸附与脱吸附所引起的氧空位浓度的变化有关.为进一步分析氧空位浓度变化的作用,利用第一性原理计算方法计算了氧空位浓度对SnO2纳米线电输运性能的影响,通过分析体系的能带结构、态密度及Au/SnO2接触界面的I-V曲线和透射谱,发现随着氧空位浓度的增大,SnO2纳米线的带隙变小.同时,氧空位缺陷使Au/SnO2接触界面处电子透射率增大,体系电输运能力变强.该研究结果将为集成纳米功能器件的设计提供一种新思路.
    Defect engineering in a semiconductor nanowire-based device has aroused intensive attention due to its fascinating properties and the potential applications in nanoelectronics. Here in this work, in order to investigate the effect of oxygen defects on the electrical transport properties in a SnO2-nanowire-based device under normal environment, we synthesize an individual SnO2 nanowire, by a thermal chemical vapor deposition method and further construct a two-terminal Au/SnO2 nanowire/Au device by using optical lithography. The electrical transport properties of a single SnO2 nanowire device are measured under the condition of air and vacuum after hydrogen reduction. It is found that the transport performances in air are unusually different from those in vacuum. Strikingly, the reduction of electric current through the device and the increment of contact barrier of the Au/SnO2 interface in air can be observed with the I-V scan times increasing. While in vacuum, the current increases and a change from Schottky contact to ohmic contact at the interface between Au and SnO2 can be obtained by performing more scans. Our results demonstrate that the oxygen vacancy concentrations caused by the oxygen atom adsorption and desorption on the surface of nanowires play the key role in the transport properties. Furthermore, we calculate the relevant electronic properties, including energy band structure, density of states, as well as I-V characters and transmission spectrum at the interface of Au/SnO2 within the framework of density functional theory. We find that the bandgap of SnO2 nanowires decreases with oxygen vacancy concentration increasing. Also, the existence of oxygen defects enlarges the electron transmission at the interface of Au/SnO2 and enhances electrical transport. Therefore, our results provide a new strategy for designing the integrated nano-functional SnO2-based devices.
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号:11574080)和湘南学院校级科研项目(批准号:2016XJ31)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11574080), the scientific research project of Xiangnan University (Grant No. 2016XJ31).
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    Dang T V, Hoa N D, Duy N V, Hieu N V 2016 ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 8 4828

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    Trani F, Causa M, Ninno D, Cantele G, Barone V 2008 Phys. Rev. B 77 245410

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    Cheng Y, Yang R, Zheng J P, Wang Z L, Xiong P 2012 Mater. Chem. Phys. 137 372

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    Castro-Hurtado I, Gonzalez-Chavarri J, Morandi S, Sama J, Romano-Rodriguez A, Castano E, Mandayo G G 2016 RSC Adv. 6 18558

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    Slater B, Catlow C R A, Williams D E, Stoneham A M 2000 Chem. Commun. 14 1235

    [19]

    Yuan Y, Wang Y, Wang M, Liu J, Pei C, Liu B, Zhao H, Liu S, Yang H 2017 Sci. Rep. 7 1231

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    Batzill M, Chaka A M, Diebold U 2004 Europhys. Lett. 65 61

    [21]

    Keiper T D, Barreda J L, Zheng J P, Xiong P 2017 Nanotechnology 28 055701

    [22]

    Nieh C H, Lu M L, Weng T M, Chen Y F 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 213501

    [23]

    Kwoka M, Krzywiecki M 2017 Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 8 514

    [24]

    Makkonen I, Korhonen E, Prozheeva V, Tuomisto F 2016 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 28 224002

    [25]

    Li Y J, Li S L, Gong P, Li Y L, Fang X Y, Jia Y H, Cao M S 2018 Phys. B: Condens. Matter 539 72

    [26]

    Yang J J, Pickett M D, Li X M, Ohlberg D A A, Stewart D R, Williams R S 2008 Nat. Nanotechnol. 3 429

    [27]

    Perdew J P, Burke K, Ernzerhof M 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 77 3865

    [28]

    Godinho K G, Walsh A, Watson G W 2009 J. Phys. Chem. C 113 439

    [29]

    Guo D L, Hu C G 2012 Appl. Surf. Sci. 258 6987

    [30]

    Stradi D, Martinez U, Blom A, Brandbyge M, Stokbro K 2016 Phys. Rev. B 93 155302

    [31]

    Datta S 1997 Electronic Transport in Mesoscopic Systems (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) pp102-112

  • [1]

    Wen B, Cao M S, Lu M M, Cao W Q, Shi H L, Liu J, Wang X X, Jin H B, Fang X Y, Wang W Z, Yuan J 2014 Adv. Mater. 26 3484

    [2]

    Fang X Y, Yu X X, Zheng H M, Jin H B, Wang L, Cao X M 2015 Phys. Lett. A 379 2245

    [3]

    Zhao Y L, Zhang W L, Yang B, Liu J Q, Chen X, Wang X L, Yang C S 2017 Nanotechnology 28 452002

    [4]

    Dang T V, Hoa N D, Duy N V, Hieu N V 2016 ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 8 4828

    [5]

    Rao K R, Pishgar S, Strain J, Kumar B, Atla V, Sudesh K, Spurgeon M 2018 J. Mater. Chem. A 6 1736

    [6]

    Cao M S, Wang X X, Cao W Q, Fang X Y, Wen B, Yuan J 2018 Small 14 1800987

    [7]

    Gong P, Li Y J, Jia Y H, Li Y L, Li S L, Fang X Y, Cao M S 2018 Phys. Lett. A 382 2484

    [8]

    Joo M K, Huh J, Mouis M, Park S J, Jeon D Y, Jang D, Lee J H, Kim G T, Ghibaudo G 2013 Appl. Phys. Lett. 102 053114

    [9]

    He Y, Zhao Y P, Quan J, Ouyang G 2016 J. Appl. Phys. 120 144302

    [10]

    Chen Z W, Pan D Y, Li Z, Jiao Z, Wu M H, Shek C H, Wu C M L, Lai J K L 2014 Chem. Rev. 114 7442

    [11]

    Dang T V, Hoa N D, Duy N V, Hieu N V 2016 ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 8 4828

    [12]

    Kuang Q, Lao C S, Wang Z L, Xie Z X, Zheng L S 2007 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129 6070

    [13]

    Sysoev V V, Strelcov E, Kar S, Kolmakov A 2011 Thin Solid Films 520 898

    [14]

    Lupan O, Wolff N, Postica V, Braniste T, Paulowicz I, Hrkac V, Mishra Y K, Tiginyanu I, Kienle L, Adelung R 2018 Ceram. Int. 44 4859

    [15]

    Trani F, Causa M, Ninno D, Cantele G, Barone V 2008 Phys. Rev. B 77 245410

    [16]

    Cheng Y, Yang R, Zheng J P, Wang Z L, Xiong P 2012 Mater. Chem. Phys. 137 372

    [17]

    Castro-Hurtado I, Gonzalez-Chavarri J, Morandi S, Sama J, Romano-Rodriguez A, Castano E, Mandayo G G 2016 RSC Adv. 6 18558

    [18]

    Slater B, Catlow C R A, Williams D E, Stoneham A M 2000 Chem. Commun. 14 1235

    [19]

    Yuan Y, Wang Y, Wang M, Liu J, Pei C, Liu B, Zhao H, Liu S, Yang H 2017 Sci. Rep. 7 1231

    [20]

    Batzill M, Chaka A M, Diebold U 2004 Europhys. Lett. 65 61

    [21]

    Keiper T D, Barreda J L, Zheng J P, Xiong P 2017 Nanotechnology 28 055701

    [22]

    Nieh C H, Lu M L, Weng T M, Chen Y F 2014 Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 213501

    [23]

    Kwoka M, Krzywiecki M 2017 Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 8 514

    [24]

    Makkonen I, Korhonen E, Prozheeva V, Tuomisto F 2016 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 28 224002

    [25]

    Li Y J, Li S L, Gong P, Li Y L, Fang X Y, Jia Y H, Cao M S 2018 Phys. B: Condens. Matter 539 72

    [26]

    Yang J J, Pickett M D, Li X M, Ohlberg D A A, Stewart D R, Williams R S 2008 Nat. Nanotechnol. 3 429

    [27]

    Perdew J P, Burke K, Ernzerhof M 1996 Phys. Rev. Lett. 77 3865

    [28]

    Godinho K G, Walsh A, Watson G W 2009 J. Phys. Chem. C 113 439

    [29]

    Guo D L, Hu C G 2012 Appl. Surf. Sci. 258 6987

    [30]

    Stradi D, Martinez U, Blom A, Brandbyge M, Stokbro K 2016 Phys. Rev. B 93 155302

    [31]

    Datta S 1997 Electronic Transport in Mesoscopic Systems (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) pp102-112

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-08-07
  • 修回日期:  2018-10-08
  • 刊出日期:  2019-12-20

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