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空气激光:面向大气遥感的高分辨光谱技术

张海粟 乔玲玲 程亚

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空气激光:面向大气遥感的高分辨光谱技术

张海粟, 乔玲玲, 程亚

Air-Lasing: High-Resolution Spectroscopy for Atmospheric Remote Sensing

Haisu Zhang, Lingling Qiao, Ya Cheng
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  • 空气激光是以空气为增益介质产生的无谐振腔自由空间相干辐射,具有高准直度、高相干性以及高强度等显著优势。基于高功率超短激光脉冲非线性传输成丝过程,可以在远程诱导产生空气激光从而为大气遥感探测提供了理想光源。得益于空气激光产生时伴随的原子分子相干激发过程,空气激光远程探测技术具有高光谱分辨率和高探测灵敏度,为痕量分子探测、温室气体监测以及工业污染物检测等远程遥感应用提供了有力工具。本文简单介绍空气激光的物理机制,着重回顾空气激光远程探测的各种应用并对未来研究做出展望。
    Air-lasing is a cavityless coherent radiation generated in free space from air constituents as the gain medium, featuring significant advantages such as high collimation, high coherence and high intensity. Benefited from the long-range filamentation of high-power ultrashort laser pulses propagating in air, the air-laser can be induced remotely which provides an ideal light source for atmospheric remote sensing and chemical specie-resolved detection. Thanks to the coherent atomic/molecular excitation process accompanying the generation of air laser, remote sensing based on air-laser has high spectral resolution and high detection sensitivity, which is recently proved to be a powerful tool for important applications such as trace molecule detection, greenhouse gas monitoring and industrial pollutant detection. In this short review, the physical mechanism of air laser is briefly introduced, and various applications of air laser remote sensing are reviewed emphatically, and the future research is prospected.
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