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基于部分测量增强量子隐形传态过程的量子Fisher信息

武莹 李锦芳 刘金明

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基于部分测量增强量子隐形传态过程的量子Fisher信息

武莹, 李锦芳, 刘金明

Enhancement of quantum Fisher information of quantum teleportation by optimizing partial measurements

Wu Ying, Li Jin-Fang, Liu Jin-Ming
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  • 量子Fisher信息(QFI)是量子度量学中的一个重要物理量,可给出预估参数精度的最优值.本文研究如何引入弱测量和测量反转操作,来提高有限温环境下以Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger态作为量子通道的隐形传态过程中的QFI.依据隐形传态过程中量子比特的传输情形,考虑了三种不同方案相应的QFI.首先,通过构造每种量子隐形传态方案的量子线路图,分析了QFI与推广振幅衰减噪声参数的变化关系.随后对各种方案中的受噪声粒子施加弱测量和测量反转操作,并对相应的部分测量参数进行优化,着重探讨了施加最优部分测量操作后QFI的改进量.结果表明,经过优化后的部分测量操作能有效提高有限温环境下量子隐形传态过程输出态的QFI;而且量子系统所处的环境温度越低,QFI的提高效果可越显著.
    The purpose of quantum teleportation is to achieve perfect transmission of quantum information from one site to another distant site. In the teleportation process, the quantum system is inevitably affected by its surrounding environment, causing the system to lose its coherence, which will result in distortion of the transmitted information. In recent years, weak measurement and measurement reversal have been proposed to suppress the decoherence of quantum entanglement and protect some quantum states. On the other hand, quantum Fisher information (QFI) is an important physical quantity in quantum metrology, which can give the optimal value estimating the accuracy of parameters. As is well known, QFI is highly susceptible to environmental noise and can lead its measurement accuracy to decrease. Therefore, it is of great importance to examine how to protect QFI from being influenced by the external circumstance during the teleportation procedure. In this paper, we study how to improve the QFI of teleporting a single-qubit state via a Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state in a finite temperature environment with the technique of weak measurement and weak measurement reversal. According to different qubit transmission cases of three quantum teleportation schemes, we consider their respective QFIs in detail. After constructing the quantum logic circuit of each teleportation scheme, we first analyze the variance trend of QFI against the generalized amplitude damping noise parameters. Then by introducing weak measurement and measurement reversal on each noise particle of the three schemes, we optimize the related partial measurement parameters and explore the corresponding improved QFI, namely, the difference between the QFI with optimal partial measurements and that without partial measurements. We find that optimizing partial measurements can efficiently enhance the QFI of the teleported state for the three kinds of teleportation schemes at finite temperature. Moreover, with the value of p fixed, the lower the environment temperature, the larger the value of the improved QFI is. Our results could be useful in further understanding the applications of weak measurement and measurement reversal to the quantum communication process and may shed light on estimating some relevant quantum parameters and implementing quantum information tasks.
      通信作者: 刘金明, jmliu@phy.ecnu.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点研发专项(批准号:2016YFB0501601)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:11174081)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Liu Jin-Ming, jmliu@phy.ecnu.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFB0501601) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11174081).
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    Song W, Yang M, Cao Z L 2014 Phys. Rev. A 89 014303

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    Man Z X, Xia Y J, An N B 2012 Phys. Rev. A 86 012325

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    [40]

    Guo J L, Wei J L 2015 Ann. Phys. 354 522

    [41]

    Shi J D, Wang D, Ma W C, Ye L 2015 Quantum Inf. Process. 14 3569

    [42]

    Yang R Y, Liu J M 2017 Quantum. Inf. Process. 16 125

    [43]

    Kim Y S, Lee J C, Kwon O, Kim Y H 2012 Nat. Phys. 8 117

    [44]

    Xu X Y, Kedem Y, Sun K, Vaidman L, Li C F, Guo G C 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 033604

    [45]

    Katz N, Neeley M, Ansmann M, Bialczak R C, Hofheinz M, Lucero E, O'Connell A, Wang H, Cleland A N, Martinis J M, Korotkov A N 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 200401

    [46]

    Groen J P, Riste D, Tornberg L, Cramer J, Degroot P C, Picot T, Johansson G, Dicarlo L 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 090506

    [47]

    Pramanik T, Majumdar A S 2013 Phys. Lett. A 377 3209

    [48]

    Qiu L, Tang G, Yang X Q, Wang A M 2014 Ann. Phys. 350 137

    [49]

    Xiao X, Yao Y, Zhong W J, Li Y L, Xie Y M 2016 Phys. Rev. A 93 012307

    [50]

    Nielsen M A, Chuang I L 2000 Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p380

  • [1]

    Yin J, Cao Y, Li Y H, et al. 2017 Science 356 1140

    [2]

    Liao S K, Cai W Q, Handsteiner J, et al. 2018 Phys. Rev. Lett. 120 030501

    [3]

    Bennett C H, Brassard G, Crépeau C, Jozsa R, Peres A, Wootters W K 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 70 1895

    [4]

    Gottesman D, Chuang I L 1999 Nature 402 390

    [5]

    Yang L, Ma H Y, Zheng C, Ding X L, Gao J C, Long G L 2017 Acta Phys. Sin. 66 230303 (in Chinese) [杨璐, 马鸿洋, 郑超, 丁晓兰, 高健存, 龙桂鲁 2017 物理学报 66 230303]

    [6]

    Braunstein S L, Kimble H J 1998 Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 869

    [7]

    Yonezawa H, Aoki T, Furusawa A 2004 Nature 431 430

    [8]

    Zhang J, Peng K C 2000 Phys. Rev. A 62 064302

    [9]

    Dell'Anno F, de Siena S, Illuminati F 2010 Phys. Rev. A 81 012333

    [10]

    Hillery M, Buzek V, Berthiaume A 1999 Phys. Rev. A 59 1829

    [11]

    Bell B A, Markham D, Herrera-Marti D A, Marin A, Wadsworth W J, Rarity J G, Tame M S 2014 Nat. Commun. 5 5480

    [12]

    Kogias I, Xiang Y, He Q Y, Adesso G 2017 Phys. Rev. A 95 012315

    [13]

    Deng F G, Li C Y, Li Y S, Zhou H Y, Wang Y 2005 Phys. Rev. A 72 022338

    [14]

    Zhou P, Li X H, Deng F G, Zhou H Y 2007 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 40 13121

    [15]

    Man Z X, Xia Y J, An N B 2007 Phys. Rev. A 75 052306

    [16]

    Huelga S F, Plenio M B, Vaccaro J A 2002 Phys. Rev. A 65 042316

    [17]

    Han X P, Liu J M 2008 Phys. Scr. 78 015001

    [18]

    Li W L, Li C F, Guo G C 2000 Phys. Rev. A 61 034301

    [19]

    Pati A K, Agrawal P 2007 Phys. Lett. A 371 185

    [20]

    Chen X B, Du J Z, Wen Q Y, Zhu F C 2008 Chin. Phys. B 17 771

    [21]

    Yan F L, Yan T 2010 Chin. Sci. Bull. 55 902

    [22]

    Zha X W, Zou Z C, Qi J X, Song H Y 2013 Int. J. Theor. Phys. 52 1740

    [23]

    Li Y H, Nie L P 2013 Int. J. Theor. Phys. 52 1630

    [24]

    Bouwmeester D, Pan J W, Mattle K, Eibl M, Weinfurter H, Zeilinger A 1997 Nature 390 575

    [25]

    Ren J G, Xu P, Yong H L, et al. 2017 Nature 549 70

    [26]

    Braunstein S L, Caves C M 1994 Phys. Rev. Lett. 72 3439

    [27]

    Zhong W, Sun Z, Ma J, Wang X, Nori F 2013 Phys. Rev. A 87 022337

    [28]

    Giovaneti V, Lloyd S, Maccone L 2004 Science 306 1330

    [29]

    Aharonov Y, Albert D Z, Vaidman L 1988 Phys. Rev. Lett. 60 1351

    [30]

    Paraoanu G S 2011 EPL 93 64002

    [31]

    Korotkov A N, Keane K 2010 Phys. Rev. A 81 040103

    [32]

    Branczyk A M, Mendonca P E M F, Gilchrist A, Doherty A C, Bartlett S D 2007 Phys. Rev. A 75 012329

    [33]

    Sun Q Q, Amri M A, Zubairy M S 2009 Phys. Rev. A 80 033838

    [34]

    Song W, Yang M, Cao Z L 2014 Phys. Rev. A 89 014303

    [35]

    Man Z X, Xia Y J, An N B 2012 Phys. Rev. A 86 012325

    [36]

    Liao X P, Fang M F, Fang J S, Zhu Q Q 2014 Chin. Phys. B 23 020304

    [37]

    Xiao X 2014 Phys. Scr. 89 065102

    [38]

    Wang S C, Yu Z W, Zou W J, Wang X B 2014 Phys. Rev. A 89 022318

    [39]

    Huang J 2017 Acta Phys. Sin. 66 010301 (in Chinese) [黄江 2017 物理学报 66 010301]

    [40]

    Guo J L, Wei J L 2015 Ann. Phys. 354 522

    [41]

    Shi J D, Wang D, Ma W C, Ye L 2015 Quantum Inf. Process. 14 3569

    [42]

    Yang R Y, Liu J M 2017 Quantum. Inf. Process. 16 125

    [43]

    Kim Y S, Lee J C, Kwon O, Kim Y H 2012 Nat. Phys. 8 117

    [44]

    Xu X Y, Kedem Y, Sun K, Vaidman L, Li C F, Guo G C 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 033604

    [45]

    Katz N, Neeley M, Ansmann M, Bialczak R C, Hofheinz M, Lucero E, O'Connell A, Wang H, Cleland A N, Martinis J M, Korotkov A N 2008 Phys. Rev. Lett. 101 200401

    [46]

    Groen J P, Riste D, Tornberg L, Cramer J, Degroot P C, Picot T, Johansson G, Dicarlo L 2013 Phys. Rev. Lett. 111 090506

    [47]

    Pramanik T, Majumdar A S 2013 Phys. Lett. A 377 3209

    [48]

    Qiu L, Tang G, Yang X Q, Wang A M 2014 Ann. Phys. 350 137

    [49]

    Xiao X, Yao Y, Zhong W J, Li Y L, Xie Y M 2016 Phys. Rev. A 93 012307

    [50]

    Nielsen M A, Chuang I L 2000 Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p380

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-02-13
  • 修回日期:  2018-04-03
  • 刊出日期:  2019-07-20

基于部分测量增强量子隐形传态过程的量子Fisher信息

  • 1. 华东师范大学, 精密光谱科学与技术国家重点实验室, 上海 200062
  • 通信作者: 刘金明, jmliu@phy.ecnu.edu.cn
    基金项目: 国家重点研发专项(批准号:2016YFB0501601)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:11174081)资助的课题.

摘要: 量子Fisher信息(QFI)是量子度量学中的一个重要物理量,可给出预估参数精度的最优值.本文研究如何引入弱测量和测量反转操作,来提高有限温环境下以Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger态作为量子通道的隐形传态过程中的QFI.依据隐形传态过程中量子比特的传输情形,考虑了三种不同方案相应的QFI.首先,通过构造每种量子隐形传态方案的量子线路图,分析了QFI与推广振幅衰减噪声参数的变化关系.随后对各种方案中的受噪声粒子施加弱测量和测量反转操作,并对相应的部分测量参数进行优化,着重探讨了施加最优部分测量操作后QFI的改进量.结果表明,经过优化后的部分测量操作能有效提高有限温环境下量子隐形传态过程输出态的QFI;而且量子系统所处的环境温度越低,QFI的提高效果可越显著.

English Abstract

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