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氨化法制备GaN:Tb纳米颗粒的光学性能

潘孝军 安秀云 张海军 张振兴 谢二庆

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氨化法制备GaN:Tb纳米颗粒的光学性能

潘孝军, 安秀云, 张海军, 张振兴, 谢二庆

Optical properties of GaN:Tb nanoparticles synthesized by simple ammonification method

Pan Xiao-Jun, An Xiu-Yun, Zhang Hai-Jun, Zhang Zhen-Xing, Xie Er-Qing
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  • 利用简单的氨还原方法制备了GaN:Tb纳米颗粒. X射线衍射结果显示纳米颗粒为六方结构, 根据Scherrer公式, 计算得到了GaN:Tb纳米颗粒的平均晶粒大小为21.2 nm; 透射电子显微镜结果显示为GaN:Tb纳米颗粒尺寸均匀, 尺寸大小约为20 nm; 除正常的GaN Raman振动模式外, 还观察到了251和414 cm-1 2个额外的Raman散射峰, 前者是表面无序或尺寸限制效应造成的, 而后者则是八面体Ga-N6振动模式; 最后, 测量了GaN:Tb纳米颗粒的室温光致发光谱, 获得了Tb3+离子在可见光区(位于493.9, 551.2, 594.4和630.1 nm)的本征发光.
    GaN:Tb nanoparticles are synthesized by simple ammonification of a mixture of Ga(NO3)3 and Tb(NO3)3. The XRD result shows that the sample predominantly presents hexagonal phase of GaN and its average grain size is 22.1 nm. TEM images show that the sizes of the particles are almost uniform. Besides conventional GaN Raman shifts, two extra peaks at 251 and 414 cm-1 observed in the Raman spectra can be attributed to the phonons activated by surface disorders or finite-size effects and vibration mode of N-rich octahedral Ga-N6 bonds, respectively. From photoluminescence spectra, four characteristic peaks of Tb3+ions are clearly observed: 5D4 →7F6(493.9 nm), 5D4 →7F5(551.2 nm), 5D4 →7F4(594.4 nm), 5D4 →7F3(630.1 nm).
    • 基金项目: 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(批准号: lzujbky-2012-34)资助的课题.
    • Funds: Project supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China (Grant No. lzujbky-2012-34).
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  • [1]

    Nakamura S, Mukai T, Senoh M 1994 Appl. Phys. Lett. 64 1687

    [2]

    Wilson R G, Schwartz R N, Abernathy C R, Peartor S J, Newman N, Rubin M, Fu T, Zavada J M 1994 Appl. Phys. Lett. 65 992

    [3]

    Steckl A J, Birkhahn R 1998 Appl. Phys. Lett. 73 1700

    [4]

    Steckl A J, Zavada J M 1999 MRS Bull. 24 33

    [5]

    Steckl A J, Heinkenfeld J C, Lee D S, Garter M J, Baker C C, Wang Y, Jones R 2002 IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8 749

    [6]

    Kim J H, Shepherd N, Davidson M, Holloway P H 2003 Appl. Phys. Lett. 83 641

    [7]

    Kim J H, Davidson M R, Holloway P H 2003 Appl. Phys. Lett. 83 4746

    [8]

    Kim J H, Holloway P H 2004 J. Appl. Phys. 95 4787

    [9]

    Pan X J, Zhang Z X, Jia L, Li H, Xie E Q 2008 J. Alloy. Compd. 458 579

    [10]

    Pan X J, Zhang Z X, Wang T, Li H, Xie E Q 2008 Acta Phys. Sin. 57 3786 (in Chinese) [潘孝军, 张振兴, 王涛, 李晖, 谢二庆 2008 物理学报 57 3786]

    [11]

    Xie Y, Qian Y T, Wang W Z, Zhang S Y, Zhang Y H 1996 Science 272 1926

    [12]

    Pan G Q, Kordesch M E, Patten P G 2006 Chem. Mater. 18 5392

    [13]

    Jian J K, Chen X L, He M, Wang W J, Zhang X N, Shen F 2003 Chem. Phys. Lett. 368 416

    [14]

    Lan Z H, Liang C H, Hsu C W, Wu C T, Lin H M, Dhara S, Chen K H, Chen L C, Chen C C 2004 Adv. Funct. Mater. 14 233

    [15]

    Seong H K, Kim J Y, Kim J J, Lee S C, Kim S R, Kim U, Park T E, Choi H J 2007 Nano Lett. 7 3366

    [16]

    Cavallini A, Polenta L, Rossi M 2007 Nano Lett. 7 2166

    [17]

    Jacobs B W, Ayres V M, Petkov M P, Halpern J B, He M Q, Baczewski A D, McElroy K, Crimp M A, Zhang J M, Shaw H C 2007 Nano Lett. 7 1435

    [18]

    Wu H Q, Poitras C B, Lipson M, Spencer M G, Hunting J, DiSalvo F J 2006 Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 011921

    [19]

    Podhorodecki A, Nyk M, Misiewicz J, Strek W 2007 J. Lumin. 126 219

    [20]

    Podhorodecki A, Nyk M, Kudrawiec R, Misiewicz J, Strek W 2007 Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 10 H88

    [21]

    Pan X J, An X Y, Zhang Z X, Zhou J Y, Xie E Q 2012 J. Alloy. Compd. 519 67

    [22]

    Andreev A A 2003 Phys. Solid State 45 419

    [23]

    Liu Q L, Tanaka T, Hu J Q, Xu F F, Sekiguchi T 2003 Appl. Phys. Lett. 83 4939

    [24]

    Jian J K, Chen X L, He M, Wang W J, Zhang X N, Shen F 2003 Chem. Phys. Lett. 368 416

    [25]

    Bae S Y, Seo H W, Park J, Yang H, Kim B 2003 Chem. Phys. Lett. 376 445

    [26]

    Lan Z H, Liang C H, Hsu C W, Wu C T, Lin H M, Dhara S, Chen K H, Chen L C, Chen C C 2004 Adv. Funct. Mater. 14 233

    [27]

    Scherrer P 1918 Göttinger Nachrichten Gesell. 2 98

    [28]

    Orton J W, Foxon C T 1998 Rep. Prog. Phys. 61 1

    [29]

    Asghar M, Hussain I, Saleemi F, Bustarret E, Cibert J, Kuroda S, Marcet S, Mariette H, Bhatti A S 2006 Mater. Sci. Eng. B 133 102

    [30]

    Chen C C, Yeh C C, Chen C H, Yu M. Y, Liu H L, Wu J J, Chen K H, Chen L C, Peng J Y, Chen Y F 2001 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123 2791

    [31]

    Liu H L, Chen C C, Chia C T, Yeh C C, Chen C H, Yu M Y, Keller S, DenBaars S P 2001 Chem. Phys. Lett. 345 245

    [32]

    Gebicki W, Strzeszewski J, Kamler G, Szyszko T, Podsiadlo S 2000 Appl. Phys. Lett. 76 3870

    [33]

    Siegle H, Kaczmarczyk G, Filippidis L, Litvinchuk A P, Hoffmann A, Thomsen C 1997 Phys. Rev. B 55 7000

    [34]

    Limmer W, Ritter W, Sauer R, Mensching B, Liu C, Rauschenbach B 1998 Appl. Phys. Lett. 72 2589

    [35]

    Marco de Lucas M C, Fabreguette F, Linsavanh M, Imhoff L, Heintz O, Josse-Courty C, Mesnier M T, Potin V, Bourgeois S, Sacilotti M 2004 J. Cryst. Growth 261 324

    [36]

    Li H D, Zhang S L, Yang H B, Zou G T, Yang Y Y, Yue K T, Wu X H, Yan Y 2002 J. Appl. Phys. 91 4562

    [37]

    Ning J Q, Xu S J, Yu D P, Shan Y Y, Lee S T 2007 Appl. Phys. Lett. 91 103117

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2012-02-13
  • 修回日期:  2012-08-29
  • 刊出日期:  2013-02-05

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