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新型碳材料在钙钛矿太阳电池中的应用研究进展

王军霞 毕卓能 梁柱荣 徐雪青

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新型碳材料在钙钛矿太阳电池中的应用研究进展

王军霞, 毕卓能, 梁柱荣, 徐雪青

Progress of new carbon material research in perovskite solar cells

Wang Jun-Xia, Bi Zhuo-Neng, Liang Zhu-Rong, Xu Xue-Qing
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  • 新型碳材料如石墨烯及其氧化物、碳纳米管、富勒烯及石墨炔等因其优异的热学、力学、电学、光学性能成为了钙钛矿太阳电池研究的又一亮点. 本文总结了新型碳材料在钙钛矿太阳电池对电极、电子传输材料及空穴传输材料中的研究进展, 新型碳材料的引入有效地提高了钙钛矿电池的性能, 为下一步新型碳材料的应用开发以及钙钛矿电池器件的研究提供了新的思路.
    A photoelectric conversion efficiency of 3.8% was achieved based on organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites CH3NH3PbBr3 and CH3NH3PbI3 in 2009, and their efficiencies have leaped to 20.1% in the past five years, which are comparable to Cu(In,Ga) Se2 solar cells. The researchers mainly focused on appropriate materials and device structures, high-quality film depositions, careful interface designs and controllable carrier properties. Even so, it is still a long-term work to develop the low-priced, stable, environmental-friendly and highly-efficient perovskite solar cells, for example, the hole transport material spiro-OMeTAD is complicated and expensive, the electron transport material TiO2 must be processed by high temperature annealing and the Au electrode is extensively used, all of which are not conducible to the commercialized application. On this occasion, new carbon materials, such as graphene oxide, carbon nanotubes, fullerene, graphdiyne, etc. have become another highlight of perovskite solar cells due to their excellent thermal, mechanical, electrical and optical performances. Carbon materials are low-cost and highly available industrial materials, which have been applied to highly efficient counter electrodes for dye-sensitized solar cell and quantum dot-sensitized solar cells. The approximate 5.0 eV work function makes carbon material the ideal counter electrode material for perovskite solar cell. Carbon material is endowed with remarkably high charge mobility and electronic conductivity, which has been identified as one of the strongest materials for electron transport in perovskite solar cell. Similarly, a perovskite solar cell using hole transport materials incorporating carbon material shows an improved power conversion efficiency due to enhanced electrical conductivity and carrier mobility because the low electrical conductivity of hole transport material such as spiro-OMeTAD is considered to be an impediment to further enhancement of the power conversion efficiency and a hole transport material with higher conductivity should reduce the series resistance and increase the fill factor, thereby enhancing the power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cell. In this paper, the research progress of new carbon materials for counter electrode, electron transport materials, hole transport materials in perovskite solar cells are summarized. The power efficiency of perovskite solar cell is enhanced greatly because of the introduction of new carbon materials, which provides a new idea for the further application of new carbon materials and device design of perovskite solar cells.
      通信作者: 王军霞, wangjx@ms.giec.ac.cn;xuxq@ms.giec.ac.cn ; 徐雪青, wangjx@ms.giec.ac.cn;xuxq@ms.giec.ac.cn
    • 基金项目: 广东省协同创新与平台环境建设项目(批准号: 2014A050503051)、江苏省能量转换材料与技术重点实验室开放课题基金(批准号: MTEC-2015M01)和广东省自然科学基金 (批准号: 2015A030310501) 资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Wang Jun-Xia, wangjx@ms.giec.ac.cn;xuxq@ms.giec.ac.cn ; Xu Xue-Qing, wangjx@ms.giec.ac.cn;xuxq@ms.giec.ac.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by Project on the Collaborative Innovation and Environmental Construction Platform of Guangdong Province, China (Grant No. 2014A050503051), the Open Fund of Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Materials and Technology for Energy Conversion, China (Grant No. MTEC-2015 M01), and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (Grant No. 2015A030310501).
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    [5]

    Liu T F, Liu L F, Hu M, Yang Y, Zhang L J, Mei A Y, Han H W 2015 J . Power Sources 293 533

    [6]

    Yang Y Y, Xiao J Y, Wei H Y, Zhu L F, Li D M, Luo Y H, Wu H J, Meng Q B 2014 RSC Adv. 4 52825

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    Wei H Y, Xiao J Y, Yang Y Y, Lv S T, Shi J J, Xu X, Dong J, Luo Y H, Li D M, Meng Q B 2015 Carbon 93 861

    [8]

    Li Z, Kulkarni S A, Boix P P, Shi E, Cao A, Fu K, Batabyal S K, Zhang J, Xiong Q, Wong L H, Mathews N, Mhaisalkar S G 2014 ACS Nano 8 6797

    [9]

    Zhou H W, Shi Y T, Wang K, Dong Q S, Bai X G, Xing Y J, Du Y, Ma T L 2015 J. Phys. Chem. C 119 4600

    [10]

    Wojciechowski K, Leijtens T, Siprova S, Schlueter C, Horantner M T, Wang J T W, Li C Z, Jen A K Y, Lee T L, Snaith H J 2015 J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6 2399

    [11]

    Agnese A, Stranks S D, Docampo P, Yip H L, Jen A K Y, Snaith H J 2013 Nano Lett. 13 3124

    [12]

    Wang J T, Ball J M, Barea E M, Abate A, Alexander-Webber J A, Huang J, Saliba M, Mora-Sero I, Bisquert J, Snaith H J, Nicholas R J 2014 Nano Lett. 14 724

    [13]

    Kuang C Y, Tang G, Jiu T G, Yang H, Liu H B, Li B R, Luo W N, Li X D, Zhang W J, Lu F S, Fang J F, Li Y L 2015 Nano Lett. 15 2756

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    Li W Z, Dong H P, Guo X D, Li N, Li J W, Niu G D, Wang L D 2014 J. Mater. Chem. A 2 20105

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    Chen H W, Pan X, Liu W Q, Cai M L, Kou D X, Huo Z P, Fang X Q, Dai S Y 2013 Chem. Commun. 49 7277

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-10-27
  • 修回日期:  2015-12-02
  • 刊出日期:  2016-03-05

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