搜索

x

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

超声悬浮甲醇液滴的热诱导雾化现象

魏衍举 张洁 邓胜才 张亚杰 杨亚晶 刘圣华 陈昊

引用本文:
Citation:

超声悬浮甲醇液滴的热诱导雾化现象

魏衍举, 张洁, 邓胜才, 张亚杰, 杨亚晶, 刘圣华, 陈昊

Phenomenon study on heat induced atomization of acoustic levitated methanol droplet

Wei Yan-Ju, Zhang Jie, Deng Sheng-Cai, Zhang Ya-Jie, Yang Ya-Jing, Liu Sheng-Hua, Chen Hao
PDF
HTML
导出引用
  • 采用外部高温气体加热的方式研究了超声悬浮甲醇液滴的声致破碎雾化现象, 利用高速摄像手段记录并实验研究了不同直径液滴不同的破碎雾化特性. 结果表明: 超声悬浮液滴在高温气流吹扫后可发生边缘喷射雾化现象. 破碎方式包含边缘溅射、液膜割裂和法向溅射三类. 直径D0较小的液滴直接从赤道面开始边缘溅射直至完全雾化; 等效直径D0 > 2.8 mm的液滴, 在产生边缘溅射后, 剩余液核弯曲形成液膜, 其表面产生法拉第波, 使得液膜割裂破碎; 而D0 > 3.2 mm的液滴, 在变形过程中逐渐形成“碗状”空腔, 并在其底部的法向方向产生溅射, 同时开始液膜割裂的离散化解体过程并伴随着边缘溅射, 直至完全雾化. 这种声致液滴雾化现象丰富了多物理场耦合作用下的流体理论, 可为相关应用研究提供新思路.
    Atomization of droplets is ubiquitous in many natural and industrial processes, such as falling rain drops, inkjet printing, fuel injection in automotive and gas-turbine engines. Acoustic irradiation provides a very effective method of atomizing fluid. However, the acoustic atomization of acoustically levitated droplet is seldom studied. To assess the possibility of achieving ultrafine atomization, we, in this paper, systematically study the atomization of an acoustically levitated droplet placed in a hot gas of a flame. High speed camera is utilized to investigate the atomization characteristics of various droplets with diameters ranging from 0.5 mm to 3.5 mm. The experimental results show that the sound pressure of the resonance acoustic field has the ability to atomize the droplet when it is suddenly bathed in hot gas. Here the heating acts as a switch to convert the droplet surface from an acoustic isolator to conductor by heating the surface to strong evaporation. The presence of a high concentration of vapor molecules surrounding the droplet caused the acoustic field to change, thus, a much larger pressure gradient is established along the droplet surface, resulting in the atomization of droplet from the equator. Furthermore, Faraday wave stimulation and discretization on the film cause the droplet to further disintegrate when the droplet diameter is large enough. The atomization consists of three different styles, i.e. rim spray (RS), film disintegration (FD) and normal sputtering (NS). When exposed to hot gas, the droplets with equivalent diameter D0 < 2.8 mm are depleted with RS until the whole mass is atomization. A thin rim is extruded at the equator and then splashed in the equator plane, the spray speed is around 9.5 m/s. Larger droplets end with the sudden FD of liquid film of the residual mass after the the RS has been consumed up. When the thickness of the rim and buckled film decrease to half of wave length, Faraday wave emerges, resulting in the vertical droplet ejection and the disintegration of the thin films. And the droplets with D0 > 3.2 mm undergo further film buckling, forming a closed bubble due to the Helmholtz resonator effect and NS at the bottom. This sound driven atomization of droplets enriches the understanding of fluid mechanism in multi-physical fields, and may provide new ideas for relative application research.
      通信作者: 魏衍举, weiyanju@xjtu.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(批准号: 51576159)、国家自然科学基金重大研究计划(批准号: 91741110)和陕西省重点研发计划(批准号: 2019ZDLGY15-10, 2019ZDLGY15-07)资助的课题
      Corresponding author: Wei Yan-Ju, weiyanju@xjtu.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51576159), the Major Research Plan of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 91741110), and the Key Research and Development Program of Shaanxi Province, China (Grant Nos. 2019ZDLGY15-10, 2019ZDLGY15-07)
    [1]

    Villermaux E, Bossa B 2009 Nat. Phys. 5 697Google Scholar

    [2]

    Minemawari H, Yamada T, Matsui H, Tsutsumi J, Haas S, Chiba R, Kumai R, Hasegawa T 2011 Nature 475 364Google Scholar

    [3]

    Zhang Z, Liu H F, Zhang, F, Yao M F 2016 Appl. Therm. Eng. 95 1Google Scholar

    [4]

    Strotos G, Malgarinos I, Nikolopoulos N, Gavaises M, Nikasd K S, Moustrisd K 2018 Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow 69 164Google Scholar

    [5]

    Flock A K, Guildenbecher D R, Chen J, Sojka P E, Bauer H J 2012 Int. J. Multiphase Flow 47 37Google Scholar

    [6]

    Khojasteh D, Kazerooni N M, Marengo M 2019 J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 71 50Google Scholar

    [7]

    Gad H M, Ibrahim I A, Abdelbaky A F T, Abd El-samed A K, Farag T M 2018 Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 99 211Google Scholar

    [8]

    Goodridge C L, Hentschel H G E, Lathrop D P 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 3062Google Scholar

    [9]

    Brandt E H 2001 Nature 413 474Google Scholar

    [10]

    Yarin A L, Brenn G, Kastner O, Rensink D, Tropea C 1999 J. Fluid Mech. 399 151Google Scholar

    [11]

    Yarin A L, Pfaffenlehner M, Tropea C 1998 J. Fluid Mech. 356 65Google Scholar

    [12]

    Xie W J, Wei B 2001 Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 881Google Scholar

    [13]

    杜人君, 解文军 2011 物理学报 60 114302Google Scholar

    Du R J, Xie W J 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 114302Google Scholar

    [14]

    Kooij S, Astefanei A, Corthals G L, Bonn D 2019 Sci. Rep. 9 6128Google Scholar

    [15]

    Friend J, Yeo L 2012 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 131 3303

    [16]

    Basu S, Saha A, Kumar R 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 054101Google Scholar

    [17]

    Pathak B, Basu S 2016 Phys. Fluids 28 123302Google Scholar

    [18]

    Zang D Y, Li L, Di W L, Zhang Z H, Ding C L, Chen C, Shen W, Binks B P, Geng X G 2018 Nat. Commun. 9 3546Google Scholar

    [19]

    Kinsler L E, Frey A R, Coppens H B 1983 Fundamentals of Acoustics (3rd Ed.) (New York: Wiley) pp233–259

    [20]

    Opstal J V 2016 The Auditory System and Human Sound-Localization Behavior (Amsterdam: Elsevier) pp23–50

    [21]

    Fu T, Mao Y J, Tang Y, Zhang Y W, Yuan W 2015 Nanoscale Microscale Thermophys. Eng. 19 17Google Scholar

    [22]

    Kudrolli A, Gollub J P 1996 Phys. Rev. E 54 1052Google Scholar

    [23]

    Donnelly T D, Hogan J, Mugler A, Schommer N, Schubmehl M, Bernoff A J, Forrest B 2004 Phys. Fluids 16 2843Google Scholar

    [24]

    Kelvin L, Thompson W 1871 Philos. Mag. 42 362Google Scholar

    [25]

    Rayleigh L 1883 Philos. Mag. 16 50Google Scholar

    [26]

    Cheng H, Zhao J Y, Wang J 2019 Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 132 388Google Scholar

    [27]

    Ding C L, Chen H J, Zhai S L, Liu S, Zhao X P 2015 J. Phys. D 48 045303Google Scholar

  • 图 1  悬浮液滴受热变形破碎实验装置原理图

    Fig. 1.  Schematic diagram of the experimental platform of heat induced deformation of levitated droplet.

    图 2  甲醇液滴在悬浮场中的“边缘溅射”(D0 = 1.81 mm)

    Fig. 2.  High speed images showing the rim spray of an acoustic levitated methanol droplet (D0 = 1.81 mm) suddenly exposed to hot product gases of a Bunsen flame.

    图 3  甲醇液滴溅射时的参数描述 (a) 扩散直径; (b) 无量纲液核直径; (c) 赤道处曲率半径; (d) 气液界面在室温和强蒸发时的液体与空气分子分布[21]

    Fig. 3.  Parametrical description of the breaking process: (a) Spreading diameter Ds; (b) the dimensionless diameter Dc of liquid core; (c) equatorial curvature radii Rcav vs. time; (d) liquid and air molecule distribution at the interface at ambient temperature and strong evaporation conditions[21].

    图 4  分别通过手动(a)减小声场高度与(b)增加超声信号发生器电流的方式突然增加声场强度后悬浮甲醇液滴的雾化情况

    Fig. 4.  Atomization methanol droplets after the enhancement of the acoustic field via the mandatory sudden (a) decrease of acoustic field height and (b) increase of the current of ultrasound generator.

    图 5  甲醇液滴在悬浮场中的“液膜割裂”(D0 = 3.15 mm)

    Fig. 5.  Film disintegration of an acoustic levitated methanol droplet (D0 = 3.15 mm) suddenly exposed to hot product gases of a Bunsen flame.

    图 6  (a)液膜无量纲平均厚度; (a′)法拉第波驻波结构示意图; (b)无量纲边缘初始厚度; (c)二次液滴的再次破碎

    Fig. 6.  (a) Dimensionless average film thickness scaled by Faraday wave length and (a′) schematic setup of a standing Faraday wave configuration; (b) the dimensionless initial rim thickness; (c) rim spray of daughter droplets.

    图 7  甲醇液滴在悬浮场中的“法向溅射”(D0 = 3.42 mm)

    Fig. 7.  Normal sputtering of an acoustic levitated methanol droplet (D0 = 3.42 mm) suddenly exposed to hot product gases of a Bunsen flame.

  • [1]

    Villermaux E, Bossa B 2009 Nat. Phys. 5 697Google Scholar

    [2]

    Minemawari H, Yamada T, Matsui H, Tsutsumi J, Haas S, Chiba R, Kumai R, Hasegawa T 2011 Nature 475 364Google Scholar

    [3]

    Zhang Z, Liu H F, Zhang, F, Yao M F 2016 Appl. Therm. Eng. 95 1Google Scholar

    [4]

    Strotos G, Malgarinos I, Nikolopoulos N, Gavaises M, Nikasd K S, Moustrisd K 2018 Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow 69 164Google Scholar

    [5]

    Flock A K, Guildenbecher D R, Chen J, Sojka P E, Bauer H J 2012 Int. J. Multiphase Flow 47 37Google Scholar

    [6]

    Khojasteh D, Kazerooni N M, Marengo M 2019 J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 71 50Google Scholar

    [7]

    Gad H M, Ibrahim I A, Abdelbaky A F T, Abd El-samed A K, Farag T M 2018 Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 99 211Google Scholar

    [8]

    Goodridge C L, Hentschel H G E, Lathrop D P 1999 Phys. Rev. Lett. 82 3062Google Scholar

    [9]

    Brandt E H 2001 Nature 413 474Google Scholar

    [10]

    Yarin A L, Brenn G, Kastner O, Rensink D, Tropea C 1999 J. Fluid Mech. 399 151Google Scholar

    [11]

    Yarin A L, Pfaffenlehner M, Tropea C 1998 J. Fluid Mech. 356 65Google Scholar

    [12]

    Xie W J, Wei B 2001 Appl. Phys. Lett. 79 881Google Scholar

    [13]

    杜人君, 解文军 2011 物理学报 60 114302Google Scholar

    Du R J, Xie W J 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 114302Google Scholar

    [14]

    Kooij S, Astefanei A, Corthals G L, Bonn D 2019 Sci. Rep. 9 6128Google Scholar

    [15]

    Friend J, Yeo L 2012 J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 131 3303

    [16]

    Basu S, Saha A, Kumar R 2012 Appl. Phys. Lett. 100 054101Google Scholar

    [17]

    Pathak B, Basu S 2016 Phys. Fluids 28 123302Google Scholar

    [18]

    Zang D Y, Li L, Di W L, Zhang Z H, Ding C L, Chen C, Shen W, Binks B P, Geng X G 2018 Nat. Commun. 9 3546Google Scholar

    [19]

    Kinsler L E, Frey A R, Coppens H B 1983 Fundamentals of Acoustics (3rd Ed.) (New York: Wiley) pp233–259

    [20]

    Opstal J V 2016 The Auditory System and Human Sound-Localization Behavior (Amsterdam: Elsevier) pp23–50

    [21]

    Fu T, Mao Y J, Tang Y, Zhang Y W, Yuan W 2015 Nanoscale Microscale Thermophys. Eng. 19 17Google Scholar

    [22]

    Kudrolli A, Gollub J P 1996 Phys. Rev. E 54 1052Google Scholar

    [23]

    Donnelly T D, Hogan J, Mugler A, Schommer N, Schubmehl M, Bernoff A J, Forrest B 2004 Phys. Fluids 16 2843Google Scholar

    [24]

    Kelvin L, Thompson W 1871 Philos. Mag. 42 362Google Scholar

    [25]

    Rayleigh L 1883 Philos. Mag. 16 50Google Scholar

    [26]

    Cheng H, Zhao J Y, Wang J 2019 Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 132 388Google Scholar

    [27]

    Ding C L, Chen H J, Zhai S L, Liu S, Zhao X P 2015 J. Phys. D 48 045303Google Scholar

  • [1] 董攀, 田昌, 李杰, 王韬, 于海涛, 苏明旭, 何佳龙, 石金水. 基于Mie散射在线测量真空弧放电液滴方法探索. 物理学报, 2023, 72(8): 084203. doi: 10.7498/aps.72.20222406
    [2] 狄苗, 何湘, 刘明智, 闫善善, 魏龙龙, 田野, 尹冠军, 郭建中. 共聚焦超声换能器的声场优化与粒子捕获. 物理学报, 2023, 72(1): 014301. doi: 10.7498/aps.72.20221547
    [3] 狄苗, 何湘, 刘明智, 闫善善, 魏龙龙, 田野, 尹冠军, 郭建中. 共聚焦超声换能器的声场优化与粒子捕获. 物理学报, 2022, 0(0): 0-0. doi: 10.7498/aps.71.20221547
    [4] 彭家略, 郭浩, 尤天涯, 纪献兵, 徐进良. 液滴碰撞Janus颗粒球表面的行为特征. 物理学报, 2021, 70(4): 044701. doi: 10.7498/aps.70.20201358
    [5] 范增华, 荣伟彬, 刘紫潇, 高军, 田业冰. 单指式微执行器端面冷凝液滴的迁移特性. 物理学报, 2020, 69(18): 186801. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20200463
    [6] 唐鹏博, 王关晴, 王路, 石中玉, 李源, 徐江荣. 单液滴正碰球面动态行为特性实验研究. 物理学报, 2020, 69(2): 024702. doi: 10.7498/aps.69.20191141
    [7] 杨亚晶, 梅晨曦, 章旭东, 魏衍举, 刘圣华. 液滴撞击液膜的穿越模式及运动特性. 物理学报, 2019, 68(15): 156101. doi: 10.7498/aps.68.20190604
    [8] 秦修培, 耿德路, 洪振宇, 魏炳波. 超声悬浮过程中圆柱体的旋转运动机理研究. 物理学报, 2017, 66(12): 124301. doi: 10.7498/aps.66.124301
    [9] 黄虎, 洪宁, 梁宏, 施保昌, 柴振华. 液滴撞击液膜过程的格子Boltzmann方法模拟. 物理学报, 2016, 65(8): 084702. doi: 10.7498/aps.65.084702
    [10] 李大鸣, 王志超, 白玲, 王笑. 液滴撞击孔口附近壁面运动过程的模拟研究. 物理学报, 2013, 62(19): 194704. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.194704
    [11] 苏铁熊, 马理强, 刘谋斌, 常建忠. 基于光滑粒子动力学方法的液滴冲击固壁面问题数值模拟. 物理学报, 2013, 62(6): 064702. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.064702
    [12] 张文彬, 廖龙光, 于同旭, 纪爱玲. 溶液液滴蒸发变干的环状沉积. 物理学报, 2013, 62(19): 196102. doi: 10.7498/aps.62.196102
    [13] 马理强, 刘谋斌, 常建忠, 苏铁熊, 刘汉涛. 液滴冲击液膜问题的光滑粒子动力学模拟. 物理学报, 2012, 61(24): 244701. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.244701
    [14] 毕菲菲, 郭亚丽, 沈胜强, 陈觉先, 李熠桥. 液滴撞击固体表面铺展特性的实验研究. 物理学报, 2012, 61(18): 184702. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.184702
    [15] 张明焜, 陈硕, 尚智. 带凹槽的微通道中液滴运动数值模拟. 物理学报, 2012, 61(3): 034701. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.034701
    [16] 马理强, 常建忠, 刘汉涛, 刘谋斌. 液滴溅落问题的光滑粒子动力学模拟. 物理学报, 2012, 61(5): 054701. doi: 10.7498/aps.61.054701
    [17] 鄢振麟, 解文军, 沈昌乐, 魏炳波. 声悬浮液滴的表面毛细波及八阶扇谐振荡. 物理学报, 2011, 60(6): 064302. doi: 10.7498/aps.60.064302
    [18] 石自媛, 胡国辉, 周哲玮. 润湿性梯度驱动液滴运动的格子Boltzmann模拟. 物理学报, 2010, 59(4): 2595-2600. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.2595
    [19] 郭加宏, 戴世强, 代钦. 液滴冲击液膜过程实验研究. 物理学报, 2010, 59(4): 2601-2609. doi: 10.7498/aps.59.2601
    [20] 孔祥蕾, 罗晓琳, 牛冬梅, 张先燚, 阚瑞峰, 李海洋. 纳秒强激光场中甲醇光电离产生高价离子的研究. 物理学报, 2004, 53(5): 1340-1345. doi: 10.7498/aps.53.1340
计量
  • 文章访问数:  6801
  • PDF下载量:  104
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-04-16
  • 修回日期:  2020-05-24
  • 上网日期:  2020-06-05
  • 刊出日期:  2020-09-20

/

返回文章
返回