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Li掺杂对MgH2(001)表面H2分子扩散释放影响的第一性原理研究

朱玥 李永成 王福合

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Li掺杂对MgH2(001)表面H2分子扩散释放影响的第一性原理研究

朱玥, 李永成, 王福合

First principles study on the H2 diffusion and desorption at the Li-doped MgH2(001) surface

Zhu Yue, Li Yong-Cheng, Wang Fu-He
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  • 本文利用基于密度泛函理论的第一性原理分别研究了MgH2(001)表面H原子扩散形成H2分子释放出去的可能路径及金属Li原子掺杂对其影响. 研究结果表明: 干净MgH2(001)表面第一层释放H原子形成H2分子有两种可能路径, 其释放能垒分别为2.29和2.50 eV; 当将Li原子替代Mg原子时, 两种H原子扩散释放路径的能垒分别降到了0.31和0.22 eV, 由此表明Li原子掺杂使MgH2(001)表面H原子扩散形成H2释放更加容易.
    As one of the most practical solutions to on-board hydrogen storage, MgH2 has attracted a lot of attention, which is mainly due to its high hydrogen capacity (7.7 wt%), high volumetric storage density(55 kg/m3) and low cost. The main obstacles for its large scale applications are the relatively low rates of hydrogen absorption and desorption in the material, which can be traced back to the slow diffusion of hydrogen into the crystal MgH2. In this work, the doping effect of Li on the release of hydrogen at the MgH2(001) surface is studied by the first-principles calculations based on the density functional theory and the climbing nudged elastic band method. Two possible diffusion and desorption paths for H atoms are designed. In path one, the two hydrogen atoms, which bond with the same substituted Mg atom in the first surface layer, climb over the nearest neighbor Mg atom to form a hydrogen molecule. In path two, the two nearest hydrogen atoms, which bond with two different Mg atoms in the first surface layer, combine directly together to form a hydrogen molecule. The calculated results show that the energy barriers for the two paths at the pure MgH2(001) surface are 2.29 and 2.50 eV, respectively. When the center Mg atom is replaced by Li atom, the corresponding energy barriers decrease to 0.31 and 0.22 eV, respectively. Compared with the pure surface, the Li-doped surface has the energy barriers that reduce almost 87% and 91%. It indicates that the formation and release of H2 at MgH2 (001) surface become easier after the surface has been doped with Li atoms. Furthermore, the doping effects are analyzed with the density of states. Compared with the pure surface, the Li-doped surface has a Fermi level that lowers from the band gap to the top of the valance band and the system is changed from insulator into conductor. At the same time, the bonds between Li and hydrogen atoms in the Li-doped system are weaker than those between the substituted Mg and the corresponding hydrogen atoms in the pure system. As a result, the doping of Li atoms makes it easier to form and release H2 at MgH2(001) surface.
      通信作者: 王福合, wfh-phy@cnu.edu.cn
      Corresponding author: Wang Fu-He, wfh-phy@cnu.edu.cn
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  • [1]

    Douglass D L 1978 Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on Hydrides for Energy Storage (Oxford: Pergamon) pp151-155

    [2]

    Zhang H, Xiao M Z, Zhang G Y, Lu G X, Zhu S L 2011 Acta Phys. Sin. 60 026103 (in Chinese) [张辉, 肖明珠, 张国英, 路光霞, 朱圣龙 2011 物理学报 60 026103]

    [3]

    Song Y, Guo Z X, Yang R 2004 Phys. Rev. B 69 094205

    [4]

    Luna C R, Germán E, Macchi C, Juan A, Somoza A 2013 J. Alloy Compd. 556 188

    [5]

    Liang J J 2007 J. Alloys Compd. 446-447 72

    [6]

    Bhihi M, Lakhal M, Labrim H, Benyoussef A, El Kenz A, Mounkachi O, Hlil E K 2012 Chin. Phys. B 21 097501

    [7]

    AlMatrouk H S, Chihaia V 2015 Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 40 5319

    [8]

    Durojaiye T, Goudy A 2012 Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 37 3298

    [9]

    Du A J, Smith S C, Lu G Q 2007 J. Phys. Chem. C 111 8360

    [10]

    Du A J, Smith S C, Yao X D, Lu G X 2006 Surf. Sci. 600 1854

    [11]

    Wu G X, Zhang J Y, Li Q, Wu Y Q, Chou K, Bao X H 2010 Comput. Mater. Sci. 49 S144

    [12]

    Wang L L, Johnson D D 2012 J. Phys. Chem. C 116 7874

    [13]

    Bortz M, Bertheville B, Bötger G, Yvon K 1999 J. Alloys Compd. 287 L4

    [14]

    Dai J H, Song Y, Yang R 2011 Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 36 12939

    [15]

    Blöchl P E 1994 Phys. Rev. B 50 17953

    [16]

    Kresse G, Joubert D 1999 Phys. Rev. B 59 1758

    [17]

    Monkhorst H J, Pack J D 1976 Phys. Rev. B 13 5188

    [18]

    Perdew J P, Chevary J A, Vosko S H 1992 Phys. Rev. B 46 6671

    [19]

    Henkelman G, Uberuaga B P, Jonsson H 2000 J. Chem. Phys. 113 9901

    [20]

    Germán E, Luna C Marchetti J, Jasen P, Macchi C, Juan A 2014 Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 39 1732

    [21]

    Lu H B, Poh C K, Zhang L C, Guo Z P, Yu X B, Liu H K 2009 J. Alloys Compd. 481 152

    [22]

    Luna C R, Macchi C E, Juan A, Somoza A 2010 Int.J. Hydrogen Energy 35 12421

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-09-11
  • 修回日期:  2015-12-14
  • 刊出日期:  2016-03-05

Li掺杂对MgH2(001)表面H2分子扩散释放影响的第一性原理研究

  • 1. 首都师范大学物理系凝聚态物理中心, 北京 100048
  • 通信作者: 王福合, wfh-phy@cnu.edu.cn

摘要: 本文利用基于密度泛函理论的第一性原理分别研究了MgH2(001)表面H原子扩散形成H2分子释放出去的可能路径及金属Li原子掺杂对其影响. 研究结果表明: 干净MgH2(001)表面第一层释放H原子形成H2分子有两种可能路径, 其释放能垒分别为2.29和2.50 eV; 当将Li原子替代Mg原子时, 两种H原子扩散释放路径的能垒分别降到了0.31和0.22 eV, 由此表明Li原子掺杂使MgH2(001)表面H原子扩散形成H2释放更加容易.

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