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铁基软磁非晶/纳米晶合金研究进展及应用前景

姚可夫 施凌翔 陈双琴 邵洋 陈娜 贾蓟丽

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铁基软磁非晶/纳米晶合金研究进展及应用前景

姚可夫, 施凌翔, 陈双琴, 邵洋, 陈娜, 贾蓟丽

Research progress and application prospect of Fe-based soft magnetic amorphous/nanocrystalline alloys

Yao Ke-Fu, Shi Ling-Xiang, Chen Shuang-Qin, Shao Yang, Chen Na, Jia Ji-Li
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  • 非晶合金通常是将熔融的金属快速冷却、通过抑制结晶而获得的原子呈长程无序排列的金属材料.由于具有这种特殊结构,铁基软磁非晶合金具有各向同性特征、很小的结构关联尺寸和磁各向异性常数,因而具有很小的矫顽力Hc,但可和晶态材料一样具有高的饱和磁感强度Bs.优异的软磁性能促进了铁基软磁非晶合金的应用研究.目前,铁基软磁非晶/纳米晶合金带材已实现大规模工业化生产和应用,成为重要的高性能软磁材料.本文回顾了软磁非晶合金的发现和发展历程,结合成分、结构、工艺对铁基非晶/纳米晶合金软磁性能的影响,介绍了相关基础研究成果和工艺技术进步对铁基软磁非晶/纳米晶合金研发和工业化应用的重要贡献.并根据结构、性能特征将铁基软磁非晶合金研发与应用分为三个阶段,指出了目前铁基软磁非晶合金研发与应用中面临的挑战和发展方向.
    Amorphous alloy is a kind of metallic materials prepared by rapidly cooling the alloy melt through hindering crystallization in cooling process. Due to the unique structure of atomic random packing, Fe-based amorphous alloys exhibit not only structural and property isotropy, but also small structural correlation length, small magnetic anisotropic constant, and then small coercivity Hc. Like crystalline Fe-based alloys, Fe-based amorphous alloys also possess high saturation induction Bs. As a result, research on engineering applications of Fe-based amorphous alloys has been promoted by their excellent soft magnetic properties. Now Fe-based soft magnetic amorphous/nanocrystalline alloys have been produced and applied to various areas on a large scale. Here in this paper, the processes of discovery, development and application of Fe-based soft magnetic amorphous alloys are reviewed, and the effects of chemical composition, structure and preparation technology on the soft magnetic properties are introduced and discussed. The obtained theoretic results and the technological innovation show that the great contributions have been made to the development and application of Fe-based soft magnetic amorphous/crystalline alloys. Based on the progress of structure and soft magnetic property and our understanding, the development process of the fundamental research and the application progress of Fe-based soft magnetic amorphous alloys could be divided into three periods. In addition, the present challenge topics in their researches and applications are proposed.
      通信作者: 姚可夫, kfyao@tsinghua.edu.cn
    • 基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2016YB0300500)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:51571127)资助的课题.
      Corresponding author: Yao Ke-Fu, kfyao@tsinghua.edu.cn
    • Funds: Project supported by the State Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YB0300500) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51571127).
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    Sharma P, Zhang X, Zhang Y, Makino A 2015 Scripta Mater. 95 3

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    Jafari S, Beitollahi A, Yekta B E, Ohkubo T, Budinsky V, Marsilius M, Herzer G, Hono K 2016 J. Alloy. Compd. 674 136

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    Suzuki K, Parsons R, Zang B, Onodera K, Kishimoto H, Kato A 2017 Appl. Phys. Lett. 110 012407

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    Li J F, Liu X, Zhao S F, Ding H Y, Yao K F 2015 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 386 107

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    Li J F, Shao Y, Liu X, Yao K F 2015 Sci. Bull. 60 396

  • [1]

    Gubanov A I 1960 Soviet Physics-Solid State 30 275

    [2]

    Klement W, Willens R H, Duwez P 1960 Nature 187 869

    [3]

    Duwez P, Lin S C H 1967 J. Appl. Phys. 38 4096

    [4]

    Pond R, Maddin R 1969 Trans. TMS-AIME 245 2475

    [5]

    Hasegawa R, OHandley R C 1979 J. Appl. Phys. 50 1551

    [6]

    Luborsky F E, Becker J J, McCarry R O 1975 IEEE Trans. Magn. Mag. 11 1644

    [7]

    Hasegawa R, OHandley R C, Tanner L E, Ray R, Kavesh S 1976 Appl. Phys. Lett. 29 219

    [8]

    Hasegawa R, Narasimhan M C, DeCristofaro N 1978 J. Appl. Phys. 49 1712

    [9]

    Hasegawa R, Ray R 1978 J. Appl. Phys. 49 4178

    [10]

    Luborsky F E, Walter J L 1980 US Patent. 4 217 135

    [11]

    Hatta S, Egami T, Graham C D 1979 Appl. Phys. Lett. 34 113

    [12]

    Sherwood R C, Gyorgy E M, Chen H S, Ferris S D, Norman G, Leamy H J 1975 AIP Conf. Proc. 24 745

    [13]

    OHandley R C, Mendelson L I, Nesbitt E A 1976 IEEE Trans. Magn. Mag. 12 942

    [14]

    Simpson A W, Brambley D R 1971 Phys. Status Solidi 43 291

    [15]

    Chi G C, Cargill G S 1976 Mater. Sci. Eng. 23 155

    [16]

    Hasegawa R, Chien C L 1976 Solid State Commun. 18 913

    [17]

    Fujimori H, Yoshimoto H, Masumoto T, Mitera T 1981 J. Appl. Phys. 52 189

    [18]

    Narasimhan M C 1979 US Patent 4 142 571

    [19]

    Luborsky F E, Walter J L 1980 US Patent 4 217 135

    [20]

    DeCristofaro N J, Freilich A, Nathasingh D M 1980 US Patent 4 219 355

    [21]

    Zhou S X, Lu Z C, Chen J C 2002 Physics 31 430(in Chinese) [周少雄, 卢志超, 陈金昌 2002 物理 31 430]

    [22]

    Herzer G 2005 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 294 99

    [23]

    Herzer G 2013 Acta Mater. 61 718

    [24]

    Yoshizawa Y, Oguma S, Yamauchi K 1988 J. Appl. Phys. 64 6044

    [25]

    Hono K, Ping D, Ohnuma M, Onodera H 1999 Acta Mater. 47 997

    [26]

    Suzuki K, Makino A, Inoue A, Masumoto T 1991 J. Appl. Phys. 70 6232

    [27]

    Willard M A, Laughlin D E, McHenry M E, Thoma D, Sickafus K, Cross J O, Harris V 1998 J. Appl. Phys. 84 6773

    [28]

    Ogawa Y, Naoe M, Yoshizawa Y, Hasegawa R 2006 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 304 e675

    [29]

    Makino A, Kubota T, Chang C, Makabe M, Inoue A 2007 Mater. Trans. 48 3024

    [30]

    Makino A, Men H, Kubota T, Yubuta K, Inoue A 2009 Mater. Trans.. 50 204

    [31]

    Makino A, Men H, Kubota T, Yubuta K, Inoue A 2009 IEEE Trans. Magn. 45 4302

    [32]

    Matsuura M, Nishijima M, Takenaka K, Takeuchi A, Ofuchi H, Makino A 2015 J. Appl. Phys. 117 17A324

    [33]

    Gao J E, Li H X, Jiao Z B, Wu Y, Chen Y H, Yu T, L Z P 2011 Appl. Phys. Lett. 99 052504

    [34]

    Liu F J, Yao K F, Ding H Y 2011 Intermetallics 19 1674

    [35]

    Zhang J, Chang C, Wang A, Shen B 2012 J. Non-Cryst. Solids 358 1443

    [36]

    Wang A, Zhao C, Men H, He A, Chang C, Wang X 2015 J. Alloy. Compd. 630 209

    [37]

    Ohta M, Yoshizawa Y 2011 J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 44 064004

    [38]

    Kong F, Men H, Liu T, Shen B 2012 J. Appl. Phys. 111 07A311

    [39]

    Fan X, Men H, Ma A, Shen B 2013 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 326 22

    [40]

    Xiang Z, Wang A, Zhao C, Men H, Wang X, Chang C 2015 J. Alloy. Compd. 622 1000

    [41]

    Sharma P, Zhang X, Zhang Y, Makino A 2015 Scripta Mater. 95 3

    [42]

    Jafari S, Beitollahi A, Yekta B E, Ohkubo T, Budinsky V, Marsilius M, Herzer G, Hono K 2016 J. Alloy. Compd. 674 136

    [43]

    Suzuki K, Parsons R, Zang B, Onodera K, Kishimoto H, Kato A 2017 Appl. Phys. Lett. 110 012407

    [44]

    Li J F, Liu X, Zhao S F, Ding H Y, Yao K F 2015 J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 386 107

    [45]

    Li J F, Shao Y, Liu X, Yao K F 2015 Sci. Bull. 60 396

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-06-28
  • 修回日期:  2017-10-19
  • 刊出日期:  2018-01-05

铁基软磁非晶/纳米晶合金研究进展及应用前景

    基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号:2016YB0300500)和国家自然科学基金(批准号:51571127)资助的课题.

摘要: 非晶合金通常是将熔融的金属快速冷却、通过抑制结晶而获得的原子呈长程无序排列的金属材料.由于具有这种特殊结构,铁基软磁非晶合金具有各向同性特征、很小的结构关联尺寸和磁各向异性常数,因而具有很小的矫顽力Hc,但可和晶态材料一样具有高的饱和磁感强度Bs.优异的软磁性能促进了铁基软磁非晶合金的应用研究.目前,铁基软磁非晶/纳米晶合金带材已实现大规模工业化生产和应用,成为重要的高性能软磁材料.本文回顾了软磁非晶合金的发现和发展历程,结合成分、结构、工艺对铁基非晶/纳米晶合金软磁性能的影响,介绍了相关基础研究成果和工艺技术进步对铁基软磁非晶/纳米晶合金研发和工业化应用的重要贡献.并根据结构、性能特征将铁基软磁非晶合金研发与应用分为三个阶段,指出了目前铁基软磁非晶合金研发与应用中面临的挑战和发展方向.

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